National security concept of the republic of moldova introduction

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The activity of the law enforcement agencies aims at maintaining public order. The phenomenon of organized cross-border crime is the biggest threat to the public order and security of the Republic of Moldova. The fight against organized cross-border crime is conducted in cooperation with the subdivisions of the Ministry of Interior, Border Guard Service, Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption and Prosecutor General Office and the Penitentiary Department of the Ministry of Justice.
The fight against organized crime is aimed at curbing and preventing criminal activities on accumulation of illegal profits on a big scale.
An increased attention shall be drawn to benefiting from the opportunities offered by the Interpol and Europol as well as by the cooperation with the law enforcement agencies in the neighboring states.
There is a need for setting up a witness protecting system in order to participate to the relevant international programs. Border Management and illegal migration
The efficient management of the state border that includes supervision and qualified control is essential for ensuring the national security of the Republic of Moldova. The border security system is shall be adjusted to the relevant requirements applied in the European Union.
Modernization of the state border management of the Republic of Moldova should be conducted in a way that offers opportunities for open cooperation with neighbors and does not imply new barriers. The process of adjusting of the national legislation to the acquis communitaire in that field will be regarded as a priority.
The Border Guard Service in cooperation with other competent authorities acts to prevent illegal border crossing and to ensure the efficient procedures to the state border crossing points, being responsible for maintaining high standards of the border control. Setting up border integrated management system is essential for guaranteeing the border security, increasing the efficiency of the fight against illegal migration, organized crime, terrorism and other forms of criminal cross-border activity.
The cooperation between the Border Guard Service, the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, SIS and other competent agencies dealing with illegal migration issues will follow the objective to build an integrated control system of the migration flow and to ensure the efficiency of the measures already adopted to counter the existing risks. Crisis management services
The goal of ensuring domestic security entails adequate capability and proper training in order to promptly react to the emergency civil situation, natural disasters and ecologic catastrophes. In an emergency situation it is necessary to guarantee the functioning of the sectors of vital importance to the state, to protect the infrastructure and secure the public information. In order to ensure the functionality of the institutions of vital importance to the state in emergency situations it is necessary to reorganize the system of strategic reserves and to adapt it to the nation’s needs. The sufficient equipment and proper training of the staff of the MoI’s Department on Emergency Situations, law-enforcement bodies, institutions of the energetic, transportation, communication, and ecologic, health care and social protection systems are crucial.

    1. The management of the problems related to the Transnistrian conflict and foreign military forces withdrawal

As it was mentioned in the present Concept, the Transnistrian conflict, the lack of an efficient control on the Transnistrian section on the Moldovan - Ukrainian border, the presence of Russian troops and armament on the territory of the Republic of Moldova constitutes a major obstacle in the state and society’s development and generates multiple interconnected threats of conventional and non-conventional nature to the national, regional and international security. Therefore, the Transnistrian conflict settlement and reintegration of the country is no longer an internal problem of the Republic of Moldova, instead it evolved into a regional security problem and its settlement requires full involvement of external influential factors such as the EU and the USA.

The Republic of Moldova spends efforts to achieve a peaceful settlement of the conflict, secured Moldovan - Ukrainian border and unconditional implementing by the Russian Federation of its commitments made at the OSCE summit in Istanbul in 1999. These are the priority objectives of the foreign and security policy of the country.
Fomented separatism and increased instability are generated by the illegal presence on the country’s territory of the foreign military forces and armaments. The Republic of Moldova will use all legal methods to reach the unconditional and complete withdrawal of the Russian military forces, according to the Istanbul (1999) OSCE Summit’s decisions. The full implementation of the Istanbul’s decisions will set the conditions for the Republic of Moldova to ratify the Adapted CFE Treaty.
On July 22, 2005 the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova adopted the Law on basic provisions of the special legal status of Transnistria, (nr. 173-XVI) which determines the future autonomy framework of the region within the structure of the reintegrated state.
The Republic of Moldova’s authority’s vision regarding the ways for Transnistrian conflict settlement actively supported by the Moldovan civil society includes, in particular, the goal of democratization and demilitarization of the Transnistrian region as well as implementing a confidence building measures.
The democratization process requires the establishment of an international mechanism for political reforms that would allow for free and fair elections leading to the legitimate local authorities. The future autonomy status of the region with the reunified country will be negotiated only with such legitimate authorities and in accordance with the principles stipulated in the above-mentioned law of 22 July 2005. In order not to allow for external pressure on the voters, Moldovan authorities believe that the electoral process must be preceded by withdrawal of foreign troupes from the territory of the country.
The demilitarization means the withdrawal of the Russian troops from the territory of the country, dismantlement of the paramilitary forces and the security structures of the unconstitutional regime, the replacement of the current peacekeeping operation with an international mission of civilian and military observers established in line with the UN/OSCE standards. An international inspection should take place at the armaments stockpiles of the Russian Federation and an OSCE-led monitoring mission should be organized at the military industrial complex in the Transnistrian region.
The objectives on securing the state border include: drafting and implementing the National Strategy on integrated stet border management in order to adapt the existing border management to the EU standards; further cooperation with Ukraine and the EU border assistance mission (EUBAM); consolidating the cooperation between the national institutions with related competences at the border and international cooperation on combating terrorism, proliferation of mass destruction arms and illegal migration as well as in combating all types of border crimes.
2.3 Consolidating the supremacy of law and democratic institutions
From the perspective of the national security of the Republic of Moldova, guaranteeing the good functioning of the democratic institutions and the rule of law, as well as protecting human rights and fundamental liberties of the people are primary objectives. The administrative, public order protection and judicial systems are consolidated and developed to ensure the governance functionality based on rule of law.
The continuing development of the civil society is essential for the functioning of the democratic institutions and the rule of law. The preconditions for the development of the civil society are ensured by the constitutional democratic and stable framework, level of openness of the society, promoting civil initiatives and accessibility to the high quality education.
2.4 Prevention and Combating corruption and organized crime
The policy on prevention and combating corruption and its successful implementation requires the compliance of the public authorities’ activities with the democratic and rule of law standards. The Republic of Moldova worked out a long-term state policy on combating economic crimes and corruption.
These areas are developed through balanced cooperation between the public sector, private sector and the society ensuring, at the same time, the implementation of the international commitments made by the Republic of Moldova in the respective filed. The main tasks of the strategy on combating corruption are improving the legislation and consolidating the institutional system as well as increasing and supporting public information on legal issues.
The main state institutions assigned to fight economic crimes and corruptions are:

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