National Power & Threat Perception Definition



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Elements of NP & types of power


National Power & Threat Perception
Definition:
National power is defined as the sum of all resources available to a nation in the pursuit of national objectives.
The capability of a state to make other states do what they otherwise wouldn’t have done, and to stop them from doing what otherwise they would have done.
Example: In the Ukraine Russian crisis, NATO failed as it feared nuclear war with Russia. Russia’s power made NATO not interfere.
How does Dr. Joseph Nye define power?
For Nye, power is the ability to influence the behavior of others to get the outcomes you want. There are several ways one can achieve this: you can coerce them with threats; you can induce them with payments, or you can attract and co-opt them to want what you want.
POWER
To understand National Power, we must first understand what Power is. Power has different definitions that are understood differently. Power can mean the physical strength of one person over others and having control over them. It can also mean the capacity to impose one’s interest or will on others and it can also mean having the ability to exercise rule and control over others.
Meaning of National Power
Willian Ebenstein says, “National power is more than the total of population, raw-material and quantitative factors. It includes its civil devotion, the flexibility of its institutions, its technical know-how, its
Definitions
Prof. Morgenthau defines national power as, “A psychological relation between those who exercise it and those over whom it is exercised. It gives the former control over certain actions of the latter, through the influence that the former exerts over the latter’s mind.”
According to George Shwarzen Berger, “The power is the capacity to, impose one’s will on other by reliance on effective sanctions in the case of noncompliance.”
“National Power denotes the ability of a nation to fulfill national goals. It tells us as to how much powerful or weak a particular nation is in securing its national goals.” —Hartman
TYPES OF POWER

  • Joseph Nye introduced the concept of "soft power" in the late 1980s.

What is Power?
For Nye, power is the ability to influence the behavior of others to get the outcomes you want. There are several ways one can achieve this: you can coerce them with threats; you can induce them with payments; or you can attract and co-opt them to want what you want. This soft power – getting others to want the outcomes you want – co-opts people rather than coerces them.

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