Napoleonic Era Corsica, Italy



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Napoleonic Era

  • Corsica, Italy

  • From nobility

  • Sent to French military school and had to learn how to speak French

  • Masters the art of artillery

  • Divorces his wife to remarry to have children

  • Defends the French Revolution from foreign armies at Toulon

  • 1795 defends and defeats a Paris uprising against the National Convention gaining fame, money, and power

  • Invades Italy and Austria successfully, abolishes the Holy Roman Empire

  • A hero!!!!!

  • Becomes interested in Politics writing 3 newspapers

  • Invades Egypt

Directory wants him out of France

Rosetta Stone hieroglyphics



Sphinx


Napoleon leaves troops behind to go to Paris because of instability

France loses in Egypt


  • 1799 Directory corrupt, unpopular, in debt, and royalists gaining power

  • Coup d’etat - makes a 3 person consul – First Consul - Commands the army, navy, makes laws, appoints and dismisses - “I found the crown of France lying on the ground, and I picked it up with my sword”, “Sometimes I am a fox and sometimes a lion. The whole secret of government lies in knowing when to be the one or the other”

  • Referendum\Plebiscite – yes or no vote - Consul for life

  • Higher education, tax codes, sewer\road system, central bank, centralization of the administration of departments, and the NAPOLEONIC CODE



  • Concordat – reinstituted the Catholic Church

At one point he was sent to imprison the Pope which happened but not by him

Napoleon appoints new bishops and the state pays them



Believed religion was needed for social order – “Religion is what keeps the poor from murdering the rich.” “Religion is excellent stuff for keeping the common people quiet”

  • Louisiana Purchase

  • Haitian Revolution

  • House of Bourbon attempts assassination

  • People vote for empire

  • Emperor Napoleon – heredity monarchy, crowns himself











  • Napoleonic Wars – Napoleon looks to expand and Coalitions are created

Austria, Prussia, Russia, England, Sweden, Netherlands,

Spain and Portugal

Battle of Trafalgar – France tries to invade Britain

Horatio Nelson

British dominance of the seas

French Continental System – “England is a nation of

shopkeepers”\British Blockade

Peninsular War – Spain\Portugal revolt (nationalism)

defeating Napoleon and Create a

constitutional monarchy (ideals of the

French Rev.)

Invasion of Russia

Scorched Earth Policy

650,000 then 40,000



Scars Russia and helps creates a mind set for WWII

Battle of Nations



  • French King Louis XVIII

  • Elba

  • Hundred Days – Battle of Waterloo

  • Island of St. Helena

  • Legacy – nationalism, code of laws, religious equality, spread of revolutionary ideals, “If you wish to be a success in the world, promise everything and deliver nothing”, “The surest way to remain poor is to be an honest man”



  • Congress of Vienna – reactionaries\conservative- Age of Metternich

Indemnity - All countries had to be paid back

Rule of Legitimacy

Balance of Power\Concert of Europe – France

weakened, others made stronger

Quadruple Alliance

German Confederation



WWI


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