Name: vishnevsky anatoly

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Name: VISHNEVSKY Anatoly 

Date of birth: 01.04.1935 

Place of birth: Kharkov, USSR (Ukraine)
Nationality: Russian Federation 
Present address:  109028 Moscow, 11 Pokrovskiy boulevard, korpus D (office)

(495) 772 95 90*21 63 (office)


113208 Moscow, Sumskoj proezd 8-2-63 (home)

Phone: (495) 316 34 14
Marital status: married
Knowledge of languages: English and French.
Diploma of State University of Kharkov (1958)

Candidate's degree on economics (1968)

Doctor's degree on economics (1983)
Professional Experience from 1971
Present functions:
2007: Director of the Institute of Demography of the State University – Higher School of Economics.
Previous functions:
1971-1984 - Senior research associate, Department of demography in the Research Institute of the Central Statistical Board.

1984-1987 - Leading research associate, Department of demography in Institute for sociological studies of USSR Academy of Sciences.

1987-1988 - Chief research associate, Commission of USSR Academy of Sciences for study of productive forces and natural resources.

1988-1991 - Head of department of demography in the Institute for socio-economic studies of population of USSR Academy of Sciences and State Committee for Labour and Social Problems.

1991-1993 - Deputy Director of the Institute for Employment Studies of Russian Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Labour of the Russian Federation, Director of the Centre for Demography and Human Ecology.

1993-2007 - Director of the Centre for Demography and Human Ecology of the Institute for Economic Forecasting of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Temporary functions:

Visiting Scientist

Ecole des Hautes Etudes des Sciences Sociales (Paris)

April 1991

Guest Professor

Institute of Political Sciences, University Lyon-2

February-April 1992,

February-April 1993

Guest Professor

University Paris-8

May-June 1994

Guest Professor

Institute of Political Sciences of Paris (SciencePo)

March-June 1995,

February-May 1996,

February-May 1997,

March-April 1998

March 2000

Visiting Scientist

Institut National d’Etudes Démographiques (INED), Paris

March-May 1999

April-July 2000


Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (1992)

International Union for Scientific Studies of Population (IUSSP)

European Association for Population Studies (EAPS)

Appointments (from 2000)

  • Member of the External Advisory Panel of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) (2009-2011)

  • Member of the Committee for Development Policy (CDP) of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (2007)

  • Member of the Commission of the State Statistics Service of Russian Federation for the population census 2010 (from 2007)

  • Member of the Advisory Committee of Experts of UNESCO for preparation of the World Report on cultural diversity (2006-2007)

  • Member of the Council on an international and defense policy (from 2005)

  • Member of the Scientific council of the Security Council of the Russian Federation (2003-2008)

  • Member of the Resource Group of the High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges, and Change established by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan (2004)

  • Member of the State commission on carrying out All-Russia Census 2002 (1999-2002)

  • Member of the Steering Committee of the program of UNESCO " MOST " (Management of Social Transformations) (2000-2002)

  • Member of Scientific council of INTAS (International Association for the Promotion of Cooperation with Scientists from the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union) (2000-2002)

Editorial activities

Editor-in-chief of the bulletin “Naselenie i obshchestvo” (“Population and Society”), Moscow, 1994 –2007.

Editor-in-chief of the Internet Journal “Demoscope Weekly” (in Russian), Moscow, 2001 –
Main fields of scientific interests
Population and development; Global population growth and its consequences; Demographic transition in Russia, in the former Soviet Union and in the World; Social consequences of demographic processes; Family evolution and family policy.

380 publications including:
In Russian:
- Demographic Revolution. Moscow, 1976, 240 p.

- World Demographic Explosion and Its Problems. Moscow, 1978, 63 p.

- Human Reproduction and Society. Moscow, 1982, 287 p.

- Reproduction of Population of the USSR. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky and A. Volkov. Moscow, 1983, 303 p.

- The Sickle and the Rouble. The Conservative Modernisation in the USSR. Moscow, 1998, 2010, 430 p.

- Selected demographic works. Vol. I. Demographic theory and demographic history. Moscow, “Nauka” (“Science”), 2005, 367 p. Vol. II. Economic demography. The analysis of demographic processes. Moscow, “Nauka” (“Science”), 2005, 383 p.

- Russian or Prussian? Reflections of the period of transition. Moscow, Higher School of Economics, 2006, 383 p.

- Demographic modernization of Russia, 1900-2000. Ed. By A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, Novoje izdatelstvo, 2006, 608 p.

- Russia facing a demographic choice. Speeches and interviews. Moscow, Higher School of Economics, 2007, 299 p.
Population of Russia. Fifteen annual reports (1993-2007)

- Population of Russia 1993. The first annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky and S. Zakharov. Moscow, 1993, 87 p.

- Population of Russia 1994. The second annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 1994, 166 p.

- Population of Russia 1995. The third annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 1996, 112 p.

- Population of Russia: 1996. The fourth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 1997, 166 p.

- Mortality in Russia: Main Risk Groups and Priorities of Action. Carnegie endowment for international peace, Moscow Center. Scientific Reports, 19, 1997, 84 p. In collaboration with V. Shkolnikov.

- Population of Russia: 1997. The fifth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 1998, 144 p.

- Population of Russia: 1998. The sixth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 1998, 144 p.

- Population of Russia: 1999. The seventh annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2000, 175 p.

- Population of Russia: 2000. The eighth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2001, 174 p.

- Population of Russia: 2001. The ninth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2002, 215 p.

- Population of Russia: 2002. The tenth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2004, 223 p.

- Population of Russia: 2003-2004. The eleventh and twelfth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2006, 356 p.

- Population of Russia: 2005. The thirteenth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2007, 245 p.

- Population of Russia: 2006. The fourteenth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2008, 299 p.

- Population of Russia: 2007. The fifteenth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2009, 296 p.

- Population of Russia: 2008. The sixteenth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2009, 296 p.

- Population of Russia: 2009. The seventeenth annual report. Collective monograph ed. by A. Vishnevsky. Moscow, 2009, 296 p.

In English and in French :

- La faucille et le rouble. La modernisation conservatrice en U.R.S.S. Paris, Gallimard, 2000, 465 pp.)

- Russia facing demographic challenges // National Human Development Report. Russian Federation. Chief authors: Anatoly G. Vishnevsky and Sergei N. Bobylev. UNDP, Moscow, 2009: 188 p. (in Russian and in English)

The articles in English, in French and in German:

- Demographic Revolution. Population Problems. Issue Two. Problems of the Contemporary World, Moscow, 1974, 1(26), p. 116-129.

- Révolution démographique. Problèmes de la population. Problèmes du monde contemporain, Moscou, 1974, 1(25), p. 121-133.

- Die demographische Revolution. - Theorie und Methode III. Demographie. Einfürung in die marxistische Bevölkerungs-wissenschaft. Frankfurt am Main, 1980, S.41-51.

- Die Theorie der demographischen Revolution. -Bevölkerungstheorie und Bevölkerungpolitik, Berlin, Akademieverlag, 1981.

- The Demographic Revolution And the Control of the Demographic Processes. - Demographic Transition. Beiträge zur Demographie, 7, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, 1983.

- The Human Factor in Demographic Measurement. - Problems of Economics, New York, 1987, v.30, 29, p.5-21.

- Die demographische Situation in der UdSSR. Sovjetwissenschaft. Gesellschaftswissentschaftlische Beiträge. Berlin (DDR), 1987, Heft 4, S.418-429.

- Zwei historische Typen des demographischen Verhaltens. - Demographisches Verhalten im Wandel. VII Internationales Demographisches Seminar, Initiativinformation, Berlin, Acad. Zentr. f. gesellschaftswiss, Inform, 8(1987)6.

- The Human Factor in Its Demographic Dimension. - Big Changes in the USSR. Progress publishers, Moscow, 1988.

- Evolution démographique, croissance économique et bien-être social. Revue Européenne de démographie, 1988, 4, p. 69-94.

- Révolution démographique et fécondité en URSS du XIXe siècle à la période contemporaine. Population, 1988, 4-5, p. 799 -814.

- Le rôle des connaissances historiques dans l'étude du comportement procréateur en URSS. Annales de démographie historique, 1988, p. 213-239.

-A Things Moving? On Demographic Processes and Social Policy. Problems of Economics (New York), vol. 31, 8, Dec. 1988, p.  6 - 24.

- Evolution démographique des républiques d'Asie centrale depuis la guerre. - In: La situation démographique en France et en Union Soviétique. Actes du 1r colloque franco-soviétique de démographie. Paris, 1989, p. 167-182. In coauthorship with K. Khanazarov.

- Social Regulators and Man. Social Sciences. Vol. XXI, 2. Moscow, 1990, p. 124-137.

- L'URSS. In: European Population/ Démographie Européenne. Vol.1: Country Analysis /Analyse par pays. Ed. by J.L.Rallu and A.Blum. Paris, 1991, p. 165-175.

- Demographic Revolution and the Future of Fertility: a System Approach. In: Future Demographic Trends in Europe and North America. What Can We Assume Today? Ed. by W. Lutz. Academic Press, London, 1991, p. 258-278.

- L'émigration de l'ex-Union soviétique: prémices et inconnues. Revue Européenne de Migrations Internationales (Paris), 1991, vol.7, 3, p. 5-27. In coauthorship with J. Zayontchkovskaia.

- Epidemiological Transition and Regional Contrasts. Genus (Roma), 1991, v. XVLII, 3-4, p. 79-100. In coauthorship with V. Shkolnikov et S. Vassin.

- Evaluation du nombre des naissances dans la Russie prérévolutionnaire (1840-1913). - In: Modèles de la démographie historique. Congrès et colloques n 11. Paris, 1992, p. 61-74.

- Les concéquences des changements intervenus à l'Est sur les comportements démographiques. - In: European Population/ Démographie  Européenne. Vol.2: Dynamiques démographiques / Demographic dynamics. Ed. by A.Blum and J.L.Rallu. Paris, 1993, p. 49-75. In coauthorship with I. Oussova et T. Vichnevskaia.

- 120 peuples en marche vers le modèle européen. - Enjeux du Monde (Paris), 8, Avrile 1993, p. 52-59.

- Waves of Migration. A New Situation. Problems of Economic Transition. (USA). June 1993, Vol. 36, n°. 2, p.78-99. In coauthorship with Zh. Zaionchkovskaia.

- Vers un "Russian way of life". Courrier international (Paris), Octobre 1993. Hors-série N 7, p. 57-59.

- Three Types of Fertility Behavior in the USSR: Stages in the Demographic Transition. - In: Demographic Trends and Patterns in the Soviet Union Before 1991. Ed. by W. Lutz, S. Scherbov and A. Volkov. London-New York-Routledge, IIASA, 1994, pp. 41-56. In coauthorship with A. Anichkin.

- Comments on the chapter "Fertility and Family" by Louis Roussel. In: European Population Conference. Geneva, 23-26 March 1993. Proceedings. V. 1, Council of Europe, UN, New York and Geneva, 1994, p. 111-118.

- Le nationalisme russe: à la recherche du totalitarisme perdu. Hérodote (Paris), 72-73, janvier-juin 1994, p. 101-118.

- Emigration from the Former Soviet Union: The Forth Wave. In: European Migration in the Late Twentieth Century. Historical Patterns, Actual Trends, and Social Implications. Ed. by H. Fassmann and R. Munz. IIASA, 1994, p. 239-259. In coauthorship with Zh. Zayonchkovskaya.

- Die europaische Migration im neuen geopolitischen Kontext. In: Wanderungsraum Europa. Menschen und Grenzen in Bewegung. Ed. by M. Morokvasic and H. Rudolph. Berlin: Ed. Sigma, 1994, p. 31-46.

- Land and Money. Russian Social Science Review, July-August 1994, p. 22-42.

- Russia: The Demographic situation. Studies on Russian Economic Development. Official translation of Problemy Prognozirovaniya. 1995, v. 6, 1, p. 35-45.

- La situation démographique de la Russie au seuil de l'an deux mille. Le courrier des pays de l'Est, juillet-août 1995, 401, p. 32-45.

- Is the Return Inevitable? Russia Politics & Law. Journal of Translations. May-June 1995, p. 34-54.

- Similtitudes et divergences des transitions de fécondité en Europe de l'Est et de l'Ouest depuis 1880. In coauthorship with S. Zakharov. In: Transitions démographiques et sociétés. Chaire Quetelet 1992. Sous la direction de D. Tabutin, T. Eggerickx, C. Gourbin. Academia - L'Harmattan, Louvain-la-Neuve, 1995, p. 477-493.

- L’Asie centrale post-soviétique: entre le colonialisme et la modernité. Revue d’études comparatives Est-Ouest, 1995, 4 (décembre), p. 101-123.

- Family, fertility and demographic dynamics in Russia: analysis and forecast. In: Russia demographic “crisis”. Ed. by Julie DaVanzo. RAND Conference proceedings, RAND, Santa Monica, 1996, p. 1-34.

- Auswanderung aus der früheren Sovjetunion und den GUS-Staaten. // Migration in Europa. Historische Entwicklung, aktuelle Trends, politische Reaktionen. Ed. by H. Fassman and R. Mûnz. Campus, Frankfurt/M.-New York, 1996. In coauthorship with Zh. Zayonchkovskaya.

- L’espace démographique post-soviétique: Europe orientale ou partie intégrante de l’Europe? // L’Europe dans le monde du XXIe siècle. Aspects économiques, démographique, stratégiques. Mouvement Européen-France. La lettre des Européens, hors-série n°3, juin 1997: 77-89, débats: 91-100.

- Soviet Federalism Between Unitarism and Nationalism. // The Fall of the Soviet Empire. Ed. by Anne de Tinguy. East European Monographs, No. CDLXXXI. Columbia University Press, New York, 1997: 107-121.

- La démographie soviétique après la Seconde Guerre mondiale. // Les contours de la Démographie au seuil du XXIe siècle. Ed. by J.-C. Chasteland and L. Roussel. Paris, INED, 1997: 157-187.

- Le fédéralisme soviétique entre l’unitarisme et le nationalisme. // L'effondrement de l'empire soviétique. Sous la direction de Anne de Tinguy. Ed. Bruylant, 1998: 151-168.

- [Anatolij Wischnewskij] Die Modernisierung der UdSSR als konservative Revolution. Implikationen für das heutige Russland [The Modernization of the USSR as a Conservative Revolution. Implications for Contemporary Russia]. // Berichte des Bundesinstituts für ostwissenschaftlische und internationale Studien. Köln, 1998, No 49, 36 p.

- Demographic Processes in the Post-Soviet States. // Revue Baltique (Vilnus), 13, 1999: 23-37.

- Demographic Changes in Russia - Past and Future. // Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, XXXV, 1998-1999: 39-57.

- La situation démographique dans les Etats issus de l’URSS. // Le courrier des pays de l’Est n° 443, octobre 1999: 47-62.

- Russian mortality: Past Negative Trends and Recent Improvements. // Population Under Duress. The Geodemography of Post-Soviet Russia. Ed. By George J. Demko, Grigory Ioffe, Zhanna Zayonchkovskaya. Westview Press, 1999: 59-71. In coauthorship with Zh. Zayonchkovskaya.

- Human Development and Demographic Processes in Russia. // Human Development Report 1999. Russian Federation. UNDP, Moscow, 1999: 66-81.

- L’éternel retard. // Le nouvel Observateur n 1845, 16-22 mars 2000: 20, 24, 26.

- Replacement Migration: Is it a Solution for Russia? // United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Policy Responses to Population Ageing and Population Decline. New York, 16-18 October 2000. (ESA/P/WP/163): 14-1 – 14-16.

- La modernisation de la Russie : un longue chemin (Entretien). // Le Débat N 113, Janvier-Février 2001: 43-5.

- Conservative Modernization in the Soviet Union // Problems of Economic Transition (New York), vol. 44, no 2, June 2001: 33-93.

- Des populations aux destins démographiques contrastés // L’Europe post-communiste. Sous la direction de D. Colas. Presse Universitaires de France. Paris, 2002: 393-439.

- The Dissolution of the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Ethnic Migration: The Return of Diasporas? // R. Münz and R. Ohliger (Eds). Diasporas and Ethnic Migrants. Germany, Israel and Post-Soviet Successor States in Comparative Perspective. London-Portland, Or. Frank Cass Publishers, 2003: 155-174.

- The Depopulated Superpower // Russia in Global Affairs, vol. 1, ¹3, July/September-2003

- Une superpuissance sous-peuplée. La Russie en 2013 // Le Debat, mai-août 2004, n0 130 : 63-77.

- Prospects for Russia’s Development. The Role of the Demographic Factor // Problems of Economic

Transition (New York), vol. 46, no 11, March 2004: 6-96. (A.G. Vishnevskii, E.M.Andreev, and A.I. Treivish).

- Prospects for Migration and Russia’s Ethnic Development and Their Account in the Development of Strategic Guidelines of the Country’s Development in the Long Run. Moscow, IET, 2004, 94 p. (A.G. Vishnevsky, team leader; Zh.A. Zayonchkovskaya; N.M.Mkrtchyan; V.A.Tishkov; A.I. Treyvish).

- Can Knowledge Replace People? // Human Development Report for the Russian Federation / UNDP. Ves Mir Publishers, Moscow, 2004: 55-66.

- Replacement Migration: Is it a Solution for the Russian Federation? // Policy Responses to Population Decline and Ageing. Population bulletin of the United Nations. Special Issue Nos. 44/45, 2002. UN, New York, 2004. (ST/ESA/SER.N44/45): 273-287.

- Migrations et croissance démographique en Russie // Migrations société, vol.XVII, n0 101, septembre-octobre 2005 : 129-142.

- Demographic Dilemmas // Padma Desai. Reform from Yeltsin to Putin. Oxford University Press, 2006: 309-324.

- Modernization and Counter-Modernization in Russia // Russia in Global Affairs, Vol. 4, No 2, April-June 2006: 8-22.

- Population Policy in Russia (Chapter 118) // G. Caselli, J.Vallin, G.Wunsh (eds.) Demography: Analysis and Synthesis. Vol.4. Academic Press, 2006: 407-433 (S. Ivanov, A. Vichnevski and S. Zakharov).

- Politiques de population : le cas de la Russie (Chapitre 118). Démographie. Analyse et synthèse, Vol. 7. Histoire des idées et politique des populations // Graziella Caselli, Jacques Vallin, Guillaume Wunsch, Paris, INED, 2006 : 747-796 (S. Ivanov, A. Vichnevski et S. Zakharov).

- La Russie : les alternatives démographiques // Futuribles, 2006, septembre, No. 322 : 25-46.

- La croix russe // 2050. La revue de la Fondation pour l’innovation politique. No 5 – Juillet 2007 : 23 – 29.

- In the same boat as the West // Russia. A New Cold War? Michel Korinman, John Laughland, Eds. Valentine Mitchell Academic. London-Portland, Or, 2008: 94-102.

- Nous avec l'Occident // Russie. La nouvelle guerre froide? Outre-Terre. Revue française de géopolitique, N 19, Ed. érès, 2008 : 115-123.

- Multipolarity and Demography // Russia in Global Affairs, No 1, January-March 2008.

- Les enjeux de la crise démographique en Russie. Russie. Nei. Visions n0 41.Juin 2009. IFRI, Centre Russie/NEI

- The challenges of Russian demographic crisis. Russie. Nei. Visions n041. June 2009. IFRI, Russia/NIS Center.

- A new stage of Russian demographic development // Russia facing demographic challenges // National Human Development Report. Russian Federation. Chapter 1. UNDP. Moscow, 2009: 18-25.

- La Russie pourra-t-elle relever le défi démographique? // La résurgence de la Russie? Agir #45, Février 2011 : 147- 156.

- The impact of migration on Russia’s Demographic Development // Migration in Russia 2000-2013. Moscow, Spetskniga, 2013: 194-208.

- The New Role of Migration in Russia’s Demographic Development. Russian international
affairs council : April, 24, 2013

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