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Unit 5, Lesson 5

NAME ____________________________________________ PERIOD _____ DATE ______________________


  1. Write three (3) complete sentences of things you see in the picture. _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ What do you think is happening in this picture? _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________


  • Imperialism __________________________________________________________________________



  • What is the difference between Imperialism and Colonialism? ________________________________







Colonization: The Scramble for Africa
There were many reasons for the colonization of Africa, including economic, political, and religious reasons and many European countries wanted to control Africa at the time.

Probably the most important reason for the colonization of Africa was economic because many people in Europe didn’t have jobs or money at the time. Countries like Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, and other powers were losing money, and Africa looked like a place where people could go get things they needed to sell for money. To make money from Africa, Europeans used Africa’s many natural resources and raw goods. They wanted oil, ivory, rubber, palm oil, wood, cotton, gold, diamonds and other minerals. By this time Europeans understood that the continent of Africa was full of resources and they wanted and needed these resources to survive and make money.

Another reason for the colonization of Africa was because of fights between countries. Britain and France had hated each other for centuries and had fought many wars for hundreds of years. They both wanted to be more powerful than the other country and having land meant being more powerful. However, the race for power was not only between Britain and France. Other nations wanted to benefit from Africa as well, like Germany, Italy, and Spain. All of these countries wanted to be the strongest.

Europeans felt like most other people in the world needed to change their cultures. This was the same for the people in Africa. As Europeans began to spend more time in Africa they felt like the people who lived there were wild and not civilized. Europeans felt it was their job or duty to teach people how to be as civilized as them. They felt like European culture was the best in the world and that Africans needed to be more like Europeans. This meant that another reason Europeans colonized Africa was to change the culture of Africans.

Another thing Europeans believed was there religion was right. Religion is the belief in a god or a supernatural power that controls people. When Europeans started finding out more about Africans they realized that they had many different gods and religious beliefs and they thought this was wrong. They felt that everyone should believe in their god and that their religion was the only true religion that people should believe in. Another reason Europeans colonized was to spread their religion and to try to get Africans to believe in their religion.

In some cases, people moved to Africa for adventure and because they were curious about the people, places and things that could be found in Africa. The inside of Africa had not been explored or colonized and people became interested in all of the new types of places, people and animals that existed in Africa at the time. Some people wanted to study the cultures and learn more about the people. Others wanted to explore and discover new animals and plants. Most people didn’t colonize or move to Africa for these reasons but some did.

Q & A

  • What are some the effects of European Imperialism in Africa?

  • Why did the European countries want to take over parts of Africa?

  • What do you think happened when the Africans got their independence back and had to run their countries without any experience or knowledge of how the world works?

    • African countries were not ___________________________ because they had not been taught how to operate a ___________________ on an ___________________________ level, which meant that they ________________________________________________ within their country and in _________________________________________________.

    • Europeans created countries based on ________________________________________, and did not ______________________________ to the African’s tribal patterns and ways of life. This means many African nations have ______________________ within themselves because they are being forced to share land with people who they are different from.


Draw a picture to represent each of the FIVE reasons the Europeans wanted to take parts of Africa.

WRITTEN REPONSE: In the space below, describe how the reasons for colonizing North America and Africa were the same. Or different.

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