Source #5 – One account of what happened when the medieval Christians conquered Jerusalem on the first Crusade.
The First Crusade Now that our men had possession of the walls and towers, wonderful sights were to be seen. Some of our men cut off the heads of their enemies; others shot them with arrows so that they fell from the towers; others tortured them longer by casting them into the flames. Piles of heads, hands, and feet were to be seen in the streets of the city. It was necessary to pick one’s way over the bodies of men and horses. …In the Temple of Solomon, men rode in blood up to their knees and bridle reins. Indeed, it was a just and splendid judgment of God that this place should be filled with the blood of the unbelievers, since it had suffered so long from their blasphemies.
Now that the city was taken, it was well worth all our previous hardships to see the devotion of the pilgrims. How they rejoiced and sang a new song to the Lord!
- From a description by Raymond d’Aguilers – someone who went on the Crusades.
Source #6 –An account of the hunger of the Christian forces during the second Crusade.
Priceless horses were slaughtered so that men could eat. Horse’s guts were sold for ten shillings. Even noblemen would fall on their knees and eat plants. Some men were seen running about like mad dogs, desperate with hunger. If they found bones thrown out and gnawed by dogs three days ago, they would seize them, gnawing where there was nothing left to gnaw at, suck and lick them. Not that they got anything, except the pleasure of gnawing at the memory of meat.
- written by a monk in London around 1200. Both these sources were written by medieval European Christians. Underline one or two sentences in source five that show a reader that this is written from a medieval Christian perspective. Write the sentence(s) in the space below and explain why you think it shows a Christian perspective.
Imagine you are a Muslim who lived in Jerusalem at the time of the Crusades. You have just read the description of what happened in Jerusalem by Raymond d’Aguilers (Source #5). Write a short letter to him telling him what you think about what he said.
What Happened On the Crusades? - Part III The Crusades continued for many years. Almost 100 years after the first Crusade a third Crusade took off from Europe. Below are two sources, one from King Richard who was an English leader of the Crusades and one from Saladin who was a Muslim leader. Read the sources 7 and 8. Answer the questions on the next page and then make a judgment about who you believe had the better case for his actions.