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Cruades questions

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Due: Wednesday, 9/28

The Crusades

What were the Crusades?: The Crusades were holy wars fought between Christians in Europe and Muslims in the Middle East between 1095 and 1291. Although the main goal of the Crusades was to take control of Jerusalem away from the Muslims, there were many reasons why European knights and others were willing to travel and fight a war in a foreign land.

Why were Europeans willing to fight the Crusades?: For centuries, Christian pilgrims traveled from Europe to Jerusalem. In the 11th century, however, the Seljuk Turks, who were Muslims, began to interfere with these pilgrimages.

In 1071, the Seljuk Turks fought against the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of Manzikert. The Byzantines, who were Christian, lost. The Byzantine emperor asked the Christians in Europe to help protect his empire from the Turks. In 1095, Pope Urban II called for a crusade against the Muslims to regain control of Jerusalem. To all crusaders, he gave this promise:

- All who die by the way, whether by land or by sea, or in battle against the [Muslims], shall have immediate [forgiveness] of sins. (Pope Urban II, 1095)

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