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Trench Warfare/Poison Gas

Trenches http://www.pbs.org/greatwar/chapters/ch1_trench.html

Chemical Weapons http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/gas.htm

  1. For what purpose were trenches built?



  1. How many miles in total were built?



  1. Draw and label the way that typical trenches were created:




  1. What did both sides do to make it more difficult to advance through No-Man’s-Land?



  1. Describe No-Man’s-Land:



  1. Why do you think so many troops (on all sides) were killed in this type of warfare?



  1. Explain 3 things that made trench life miserable:



  1. How many total died from poison gas?



  1. Would you rather live in a British trench or a German trench? Why?

Read and Respond to the Journal Entry

“It has only been a short time since I have entered the trench and the living conditions are just awful. The trenches are filled with the stench of rotting meat because we have no ways to dispose of human remains. We do not have time to give them a burial that they deserve, but instead they are just in a giant pile. Our living conditions aren't favorable either. We have to do everything here. We have to eat, sleep, and even go to the bathroom. The stench of everything is just horrific. Everything is always wet because of the rain and we have no protection against the rain. A few of my comrades have what is called 'Trench foot' which is basically when your foot starts rotting off. The only way to prevent this is to keep your feet clean, however we cannot because we must keep our boots on at all times and the rain keeps soaking our feet. My feet are always wet and my clothes are constantly covered with mud. Apparently this trench hasn't even moved from its original position and they have been in a stalemate for quite awhile, but countless lives have been lost due to these battles, but that does not change the fact that we have to constantly be aware for artillery attacks. None have hit since I arrived, but this can only go on for so long. When I can, I shall write back to you to keep you informed.”



  1. How does the author describe the condition of the trenches?



  1. Everything is always _________ because of the _______.



  1. Why can’t he prevent Trench Foot?



  1. How would you feel if your trench hadn’t advanced yet so many lives had been lost? How would this affect your desire to keep fighting?



In Flanders Fields

In Flanders fields the poppies blow


Between the crosses, row on row
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago


We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:


To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

  1. Compare the mood in the first two stanzas with that in the third.



  1. Who is the speaker in this poem?



  1. What does the speaker want his listeners to do?



Write 2 Letters

  1. You have now been living in a trench for a month. This is your first chance of writing to your family. Write one false letter, being overly optimistic about your feelings and trench warfare, because you fear that your superiors may read it and throw it away. Write another true letter, telling your family the truth about your feelings and trench warfare. (4-6 sentences per letter)

False:

True:


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