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Multiple Choice Study Questions, Alexander the Great, Pages 175-179

For each question, write the letter of the correct answer on the line provided.


  1. Macedonia was located

    1. In Asia Minor

    2. In the Fertile Crescent

    3. North of Greece

    4. In North Africa




  1. How did the Greeks feel about the Macedonians?

    1. They respected their fighting abilities.

    2. They looked down on them.

    3. They respected their artistic achievements and adopted many of their artistic styles.

    4. They considered them to be important allies against the Persians.




  1. Philip II of Macedonia trained his vast army of foot soldiers to fight like the

    1. Greeks

    2. Persians

    3. Assyrians

    4. Egyptians

    5. (I will explain more about this. Your book doesn’t give enough detail. Philip actually improved on these fighting techniques.)




  1. By taking over some Greek polies by force, bribery, or through voluntary treaties, Philip’s strength grew. An Athenian lawyer named Demosthenes gave powerful speeches in which he

    1. praised Philip’s ability to unite the Greek-speaking world. (The Macedonians spoke a dialect of Greek.)

    2. urged the Greeks to unite with the Macedonians to attack Persia.

    3. warned that Philip was gong to invade and that the Greeks must unite to resist him.

    4. spoke of the superiority of democracy over the tyranny of a king.




  1. The Greeks didn’t listen to the warning of the lawyer in the previous question because:

    1. Many young Greeks had left Greece to join the Persian army as mercenaries.

    2. After the Peloponnesian Wars, the population was too divided to unite against the Macedonians.

    3. Greece was too weak, with many unemployed people and destroyed farms

    4. All of the above.


  1. In the Battle of Chaeronea,

    1. the Athenians fought the Macedonians alone because none of the other Greek polies would join them.

    2. the Greeks defeated Philip’s army, preventing him from taking over Greece.

    3. Philip succeeded in gaining control of all of Greece.

    4. None of the above




  1. Why didn’t Philip complete his plan of conquering Persia?

    1. His army was defeated in its first battle against the Persians.

    2. He changed his mind.

    3. He was murdered.

    4. He decided to make an alliance with the Persian king instead.




  1. Which of the following is true of the Battle of Granicus?

    1. It took place in Asia Minor.

    2. Alexander’s army fought the army of the local Persian satraps.

    3. Alexander’s army won the battle.

    4. All of the above




  1. After freeing the Greek cities in Asia Minor from Persian rule and defeating a large Persian army at Issus, he then conquered Syria and continued on to ___, where he founded Alexandria, a city that would become one of the most important cities in the ancient world. (Where was Alexandria?)

    1. Mesopotamia

    2. Persia

    3. Egypt

    4. Phoenicia




  1. How far east did Alexander conquer?

    1. India

    2. Persia

    3. China

    4. Pakistan




  1. When Alexander poured the water out of his helmet in the desert, why do you think the Greek historian wrote, “So extraordinary was the effect of this action that the water wasted by Alexander was as good as a drink for every man in the army”?

    1. When he poured the water out, his soldiers all imagined they were drinking it.

    2. When he poured the water out, his soldiers realized that he was willing to suffer the same hardships as they were, and if Alexander could withstand the thirst, so could they.

    3. When he poured the water out, they realized that there must be a spring of water nearby and they were happy.

    4. When he poured the water out, they got mad and overthrew him.


  1. Alexander’s personal hero was

    1. Herakles (Hercules)

    2. Hector

    3. Socrates

    4. Achilles




  1. Which of the following was NOT part of Alexander’s legacy?

    1. The bringing of Asian and African ideas to Greece and Macedonia

    2. The destruction of the local cultures and religions of the people in the regions that Alexander conquered

    3. Greek and Macedonian rule over a vast area

    4. The spread of Greek ideas, art, language and culture throughout southwest Asia and northern Africa




  1. Which of the following is NOT true of the Hellenistic Era.

    1. This era is considered by most historians to be a Dark Age.

    2. The word “Hellenistic” means “like the Greeks”

    3. The era began with Alexander’s conquests.

    4. During this era, the Greek language and ideas spread throughout southwest Asia.




  1. After Alexander’s death, his empire split apart. How many kingdoms did it split into?

    1. 2

    2. 3

    3. 4

    4. 5




  1. By 100 BCE, what was the largest city in the Mediterranean world?

    1. Athens

    2. Pergamum

    3. Seleucia

    4. Alexandria




  1. Why did Greek culture spread into Egypt and as far east as modern-day Afghanistan and India?

    1. All government business in the Hellenistic kingdoms was conducted in Greek.

    2. Hellenistic rulers created new Greek cities in their kingdoms.

    3. They encouraged Greek and Macedonian colonists to settle in their cities as government officials, architects, engineers, philosophers, artisans, and artists.

    4. All of the above



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