Name: _______________________________________________________ Date: ________________________ Period: _____________ Data-Based Question: What Was Harriet Tubman’s Greatest Achievement? Hook Exercise: Harriet Tubman
The Underground Railroad (UGRR) was a network of people and safe houses. It helped slaves escape from the South and travel to Northern states and Canada. Below are a number of the code words used by participants that have been found in old letters and diaries. Match the code words with the terms that define them.
2) How did the expansion of cotton fields in the deep South affect young slaves on the Eastern Shore?
3) How old was Harriet when she escaped slavery?
4) Why did the Underground Railroad not stop in the United States but run all the way to Canada?
5) Define or explain each of these terms:
Eastern Shore: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Fugitive Slave Act: ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Underground Railroad: ______________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ TIMELINE: 1822 – Possible birth date of Minty Ross
Document A Questions—The Underground Railroad (maps):
1) Including place names, directions, and distances, describe a route Harriet Tubman was likely to have followed from her slave home near Bucktown to Philadelphia.
2) Traveling by foot, about how many miles was it from Bucktown to Philadelphia? From Philadelphia to St. Catherines in Canada?
3) In the 1850s, why did Harriet feel compelled to escort her escaped slaves all the way to St. Catherines? Why, for example, didn’t she stop in Albany?
4) In terms of risk or number of people helped, does this document provide evidence of a great achievement? Explain.
Document B Questions—Trip Log:
1) If Harriet was born in 1822, how old was she when she made her first and last rescue?
2) In what county and state did Harriet collect most of her slave fugitives?
3) According to this log, what is the total number of slaves Harriet escorted to freedom?
4) According to the document note, what measures did Tubman take to avoid capture?
5) In terms of risk, number of people helped, or length of time spent, does this document provide evidence of a great achievement? Explain.
Document C Questions—Civil War: The Combahee River Raid
1) When and in what state was the Combahee River raid?
2) What role did Harriet play in the raid?
3) Colonel Montgomery called Harriet “Moses.” Why?
4) Which is the greater achievement, making eight trips into slave country to free 38 slaves over a ten-year period, or leading a spy ring and helping to free 800 slaves on a single night?
Document D Questions—Civil War: Nursing the Massachusetts 54th
1) When and where did Harriet do this Civil War nursing?
2) Who were the soldiers that Harriet nursed?
3) Without army pay, how did Harriet earn money to live?
4) How well were Harriet Tubman’s nursing efforts recognized by the Union army? Evidence?
5) Which is the more important achievement—conducting slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad, scouting a raid to free slaves behind enemy lines, or nursing wounded battle heroes?
Document E Questions—Care-Giving in Upstate NY (photo)
1) After the Civil War, what was the focus of Harriet Tubman’s life?
2) Who did Harriet care for? For about how many years did she do this?
3) In terms of value to society and her country, how does Tubman’s caregiver work in Auburn compare with her other achievements?
Putting it all Together: Outlining Achievements
In the graphic organizer below, list evidence from each of the documents in this DBQ that demonstrates why the events that document talks about were a significant achievement in Harriet Tubman’s life. Then, on the back of this packet, pick the achievement that you think is most significant and write at least five sentences explaining why. Use specific evidence!
Document A: The Underground Railroad (maps)
You may have to make some conclusions about the maps based on your other readings.
Document B: Trip Log
Document C: Civil War: The Combahee River Raid
Document D: Civil War: Nursing the Massachusetts 54th