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Forming a Union
* Directions: Matching.

Match each item in Column A with the items in Column B. Write the correct letters in the blanks.

A) impeachment

B) veto

C) Magna Carta

D) Federalist

E) Anti-Federalist

F) ratify

G) Edmund Randolph

H) Benjamin Franklin

I) James Madison

J) Founding Fathers

K) George Washington

L) Land Ordinance of 1785

M) Maryland

N) Northwest Ordinance of 1787

O) John Dickinson

P) Virginia

R) farmers

S) whiskey

T) Confederation Congress

U) economic depression

V) George Washington

___P____ 1. state with western land claims

__O____ 2. main author of the Articles of Confederation

___K_ ___ 3. critic of the Articles of Confederation

___M____ 4. last state to ratify the Articles

___T_____ 5. new name of Continental Congress

___S_____ 6. used for money in some states due to uncommon currency

___L_____ 7. stated how western land would be divided

___U____ 8. period of low business activity and high unemployment

___R____ 9. supporters of Shays’ Rebellion

___N_____ 10. made provisions for governing new territory in 1787

___I_____ 11. he drafted a new framework of government

___B_____ 12. to reject; also the President’s check on Congress

___H_____ 13. oldest delegate to the Constitutional Convention

___G_____ 14. presented the Virginia Plan of govt.

__J______ 15. those who attended the Constitutional Convention

___F____ 16. to approve; accept; make happen

___C____ 17. English document that limited the power of the ruler

___D____ 18. supporter of the Constitution

___E____ 19. opponent of the Constitution

___A_____ 20. Congress taking the President to court

Directions: Multiple Choice. (2.5 pts. each)

* In the blank at the left, write the letter of the choice that best completes the statement OR

answers the question.

___d____ 21. The legislative branch of government

(a) makes treaties (c) executes laws

(b) determines if laws are constitutional (d) makes laws

___a____ 22. A two-house legislature is called

(a) bicameral (c) double branch

(b) confederate (d) constitutional
___c____ 23. In 1776, most Americans felt loyal to

(a) the United States (c) Great Britain

(b) their states (d) their country
___d____ 24. The United States’ first national constitution was called the

(a) Canon Law (c) Bill of Rights

(b) American Rules (d) Articles of Confederation
___c____ 25. In 1781, several states delayed ratification of the Articles and argued over

(a) tariffs (c) land

(b) river rights (d) slavery
___b____ 26. During the Confederation period, the West lay just beyond the

(a) Mississippi (c) Rocky Mountains

(b) Appalachian Mountains (d) Missouri River
___b____ 27. During the Confederation period, Congress could not

(a) make laws (c) declare war

(b) protect western settlers with troops (d) meet
___b____ 28. Some revenue from the sale of land by Congress was set aside to pay for

(a) hospitals (c) prisons

(b) schools (d) roads

___a ___ 29. A govt in which representatives are elected to govern on behalf of the people is called

(a) a republic (c) an alliance

(b) a confederation (d) a monarchy
___c____ 30. One state located in the former Northwest Territory is

(a) Washington (c) Illinois

(b) Nevada (d) Kentucky
___d____ 31. The state that did not want a stronger government was

(a) New York (c) Massachusetts

(b) Delaware (d) Rhode Island
___a____ 32. The Virginia delegate who refused to attend the Constitutional Convention was

(a) Patrick Henry (c) Thomas Jefferson

(b) Thomas Paine (d) Benjamin Franklin
___b_____ 33. The Three-Fifths Compromise concerned

(a) tariffs (c) the appointment of judges

(b) counting enslaved persons (d) federal land grants

____b___ 34. The Constitution said that Congress could not outlaw the slave trade for

(a) 10 years (c) 30 years

(b) 20 years (d) 40 years
____c___ 35. The Constitution had to be ratified by

(a) five states (c) nine states

(b) seven states (d) eleven states
____d___ 36. John Locke believed that people had a natural right to life, liberty, and

(a) health care (c) education

(b) housing (d) property
____b___ 37. Baron de Montesquieu thought that the power of government should be limited by

(a) state governments (c) the courts

(b) the separation of powers (d) state militias
____c___ 38. The power to declare war belongs to the

(a) President (c) Congress

(b) Supreme Court (d) secretary of defense
____a___ 39. Both the federal govt. and state govts. have the power to

(a) tax (c) create money

(b) declare war (d) make treaties
____d___ 40. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are known as

(a) the Added Amendments (c) the Federalist

(b) the Citizenship Handbook (d) the Bill of Rights
* Essay Portion

- Be prepared to answer the following essay/open-response questions:
- compare/contrast the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
- the weaknesses of the Articles of confederation
- the Virginia Plan vs. the New Jersey Plan
- how we elect a president: term, electoral votes, etc.
- federalists vs. anti-federalists
- explain why many Americans were afraid of a strong central govt.

Note: Blue equals a few they may have a little trouble with, so you may assist with this.

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