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Chapter 5: How well do Canada’s Immigration Laws and Policies Respond to Immigration Issues

Instructions:



  • Complete notes for the following topics on the graphic organizer below.

I. What criteria does Canada use when accepting immigrants and refugees?

A. What is the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act?

B. Some objectives of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, 2002

1. Objectives for immigration

2. Objectives for refugees

C. How does immigration aim to meet Canada's workforce needs?

1. What benefits of immigration does this source identify for Canada?

D. What's a law versus a policy?

E. Adding up the Points

F. What is the point system for accepting immigrants?

G. How does health factor into qualifying as an immigrant?(Security)

H. How are Canada's immigration laws today different than in the past?

I. What is Canada's policy towards refugees?

J. A Refugee's Experience

K. How has immigration policy changed in response to security concerns?

1. Immigration Act of 1976

2. Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, 2002


  • The notes are based on pages 167 to 179 of the text.

  • You may want to colour code or highlight you notes so it is easier to identify what details connect each topic.



Topics

Facts/Details

Connections (Relationships – compare/contrast, questions you have, insights)

What criteria does Canada use when accepting immigrants and refugees?

  • What is the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act?



  • Objective of Immigration




The Immigration and Protection Act of 2002 (IPA) is the most recent Canadian law that establishes who can come from other countries and make Canada their permanent home.

  1. Pursue social, cultural and economic benefit for all Canadians

b. Respect the bilingual and multicultural character of Canada.

c. Support the development of minority official language communities in Canada

d. Share the benefits of immigration and support a prosperous economy across all regions of Canada

e. Reunite families in Canada

f. Promote the successful integration of immigrants into Canadian society, recognizing that integration involves mutual obligations for new immigrants and Canadian society.


This text book is old; I wonder if the IPA is the most recent immigration act?

Yes, but according to http://laws.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/i-2.5/fulltext.html it received assent in 2001.

Great link to statistical data about the IPA http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/immigration-policy/

Immigration seems to be about building a prosperous economic future while continuing to build upon our social and cultural traditions.





Topics

Facts/Details

Connections (Relationships – compare/contrast, questions you have, insights)



  • Objective for refugees



  • How does immigration aim to meet Canada’s workforce needs?



  • What benefits of immigration does this source identify for Canada?



  • What’s a law versus a policy?



  • Adding up the Points



  • What is the point system for accepting immigrants?



  • How does health factor into qualifying as an immigrant? (Security)



  • How are Canada’s immigration laws today different than in the past?



  • What is Canada’s policy towards refugees?



  • A Refugee’s Experience



  • How has immigration policy changed in response to security concerns?



  • Immigration Act of 1976



  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, 2002



  1. Save lives and offer protection to people that are displaced or persecuted



  1. Fulfill and affirm Canada's international commitments to protect refugees



  1. Grant fair consideration to people who claim to be persecuted, as an expression of Canada's humanitarian ideals



  1. Offer refuge to people facing persecution because of race, religion, political opinion or membership in a social group, and to people who face torture, or cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.

Coupling the facts that between 2011 and 2015 Baby Boomers are set to retire at a rate that will equal those entering into the workforce with Canada’s natural growth rate stalling by 2025, immigration is the only way to ensure a positive labour growth rate in Canada.

  1. Canada's identity can't be separated from its history of immigration



  1. Immigration continues to increase Canada's population ensuring its future economic growth



  1. According to Statscan immigration will be solely responsible for Canada population growth by 2025.



  1. Between 2011 and 2016 the number of people leaving the workforce will equal those entering it. This would seriously hamper Canada's economic growth potential



  1. Laws describe principles that must be followed whereas, policies describe goals the government wants to achieve within the law.



  1. To emigrate to Canada you must complete (pay) a formal application and submit it to Citizenship and Immigration Canada.



  1. This application will be graded out of 100 points; the applicant must meet the minimal standard of 67.



  1. Pass a medical exam and security check.



  1. Since 1967, economic immigrants have had to qualify via a points system to enter Canada



  1. Immigrants must have proof of their good health. Immigrants are refused entry if their health could put Canadians at risk of disease, endanger the public because of mental disorder, or their health puts excessive demand on Canada's health services.



  1. Prior to 1967, Canada showed preferential treatment to those of British ancestry while restricting Asian countries.



  1. Ex. 1914, immigrants from India had to sail directly to Canada to qualify for entry; at the time, no shipping line offered the service.



  1. Ex. Chinese head tax between 1885-1923.



  1. Having signed the U.N. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, in 1951, Canada offered shelter in relation to specific world crises through the 60s finally, making refugees an immigration category in 1976.



  1. Sudanese Civil War resulted in Canada accepting some of its refugees.



  1. People were not to gain entry in Canada if they had engaged in or intended to engage in spying or subversive acts against Canada's form of democracy and its institutions.



  1. Maintained conditions set in 1976.



  1. Now includes behaviour relating to violence and terrorism or being part of terrorist organizations.




Canada welcomes refugees to affirm or humanitarian ideals and because of international agreements



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