Paraphrase of first and last paragraph of “The Reconquista”.
Boldface type, italics, subheadings, in order of appearance, and needed clarifications
Paraphrase of the topic sentence of each paragraph.
Important information from section
Moors: A Muslim people of Berber and Arab descent from North Africa.
Conquistador:One who conquers; Spanish leaders of the conquest of Mexico and Peru.
Starting with the arrival of the Romans, the Iberian Peninsula had was continually invaded and colonized by different peoples. First, Christian invaders/colonizers included the Romans, Ostrogoths, Franks and Visigoths. After 711 CE, the Moors of Muslim faith coming from North Africa dominate the southern region and call it Al-Andalus.
Given the defeat of the Moors, regional kingdoms persisted on the Iberian Peninsula. With the marriage of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella in 1479, the two largest kingdoms of Aragon and Castille were united. Spain did not exist as it does today, but consisted of several kingdoms under the authority of a monarchy.
Summary of Article
Led by the northern kingdoms of the Iberian Peninsula, the Reconquista was the papacy approved action to regain or reconquer the lands controlled by Muslims. This sporadic war lasted over 700 years and saw the kingdoms of Castille, led by Queen Isabella, and Aragon, led by King Ferdinand join to create Spain in 1492. As a result of this war, Spanish conquistadors fought for both religious and nationalistic reasons.
After the defeat of the Muslims, the Iberian Peninsula consisted of various kingdoms with regional loyalities.
The Reconquista consisted of sporadic battles lasting over 700 years.
The Reconquista was the movement to recapture the Iberian land controlled by Muslims
For centuries, northern Christian kingdoms, becoming more powerful, sought to control the southern Muslim territory.
Spain had been ruled by Muslims for 700 years.
Most of Europe was Christian at the time and did not accept Muslims and Jews.
The Kingdom of Castille successfully reconquered Toledo in 1085
Aragon and Catalonia united to fight Muslim control in the 1100s.
With the support of the papacy, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella’s conquistadors take over the last Muslim controlled city of Granada in 1492.
Many Christians at this time thought it their duty to convert non-believers and fought for both religious and nationalistic reasons.
Title: How Did the History of Spain Affect its Worldview? Author: Levin, Moline and Redhead
Ferdinand saw the struggles around religion as an opportunity to control people.
Queen Isabella’s Reason for the Inquisition
Isabella believed that the country would be united only if everyone followed one religion.
Event (Spanish Inquisition)
Summarize the “Spanish Inquisition” Paragraph
Green Light Yellow Light Red Light The Spanish Inquisition was put into place by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand as a way to unite and control their citizens. It was a civil and religious court that judged the Jewish and Muslim truthfulness of their conversion. By barbaric techniques of dungeon confinement and torture, those found guilty were possibly killed but would often be kicked out of Spanish lands. The court eventually started to judge “Cradle Catholics”. One’s life would majorly change with even an accusation appearing before the Inquisition; you would lose your property and your right to hold public office.
What happened because of the Inquisition?
A person found guilty could face punishments of confinement dungeons, torture or death. Those just accused but found innocent lost property and were forbidden from holding political office. Eventually, all Muslims and Jewish converts were expelled from Spain.
What was the Inquisition?
The Inquisition was both a civil and a religious court. Its purpose originally was to judge those that had converted to Roman Catholicism but soon judged all citizens accused of not following the faith.