NAME: ____________________________________________ Communism and Socialism
Mini Unit 4 Your entire packet is due on the last day of the unit. While I will be checking for completion of each assignment on the listed due date, it will not be graded until the packet is submitted. You will also be receiving a small packet grade worth 15 points for completing the packet and having it on the due date.
Any packets that are lost must be printed out from the website online.
Any packet not submitted on the due date will be an automatic -10 points from the packet grade.
This packet is due on Thursday (B)/Friday(C & D) March 5th or 6th
Believed in basic human rights – people give _____________________________________________ (AFTER dictatorship of proletariat)
Classless society – ___________________________________ / Never happened in USSR or China which had __________________________________________________ elites running govt.
The Motorcycle Diaries Permission Slip
Due ASAP!!! Dear Parent or Guardian,
In an attempt to gain a full perspective on the beliefs and origins of communism, we will be watching the film The Motorcycle Diaries as a class. This film is based on the journal of Che Guevara, a Marxist revolutionary, who wrote this journal during a motorcycle trip across South America. It is during this trip where he developed many of his communist philosophies after seeing much of the inequality across the continent.
This is also a good opportunity to do some cross-curriculum work with the Spanish department, since Che Guevara is a very famous Argentine man and it shows many of his experiences across the Spanish speaking world.
This film is rated R due the swearing in the dialogue. While the film is in Spanish, the subtitles do show some of the swear words. There is also one intense scene of an asthma attack. I will also be skipping some scenes that I do not think are necessary to the overall concept that we are trying to capture as a class.
If you would like to have your child opt out of this viewing, he or she will be doing a two-page research assignment over Che Guevara in place of the film.
If you have any questions or specific concerns please do not hesitate to contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Thank you for considering this opportunity for your child.
10 points The theory of communism and the practice of communism are two completely different things. In the space provided below, write a dialogue between Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. Include at least three lines of complaints or arguments that Marx would have against Lenin and at least three lines of complaints or arguments that Lenin would have against Marx.
You need at least 6 separate lines/arguments total.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dialogue Assignment-Hollande and Capitalist
Due Thursday the 20th (A)/Friday the 21st (D and E)
While widely practiced in Europe, socialism often gets a very bad reputation in the United States. Using French president Francois Hollande as your socialist example, write a dialogue between Hollande and a vehement US capitalist. Include at least three arguments that Hollande would make towards socialism, and at least three arguments that the capitalist would make.
This means that you need at least six good arguments total.
Following World War II (1939-45), the democratic United States and the communist Soviet Union became engaged in a series of largely political and economic clashes known as the Cold War. The intense rivalry between the two superpowers raised concerns in the United States that Communists and leftist sympathizers inside America might actively work as Soviet spies and pose a threat to U.S. security.
Did You Know?
FBI director J. Edgar Hoover was quick to equate any kind of protest with communist subversion, including the civil rights demonstrations led by Martin Luther King Jr. Hoover labeled King a communist and covertly worked to intimidate and discredit the civil rights leader.
Such ideas were not totally unfounded. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) had long carried out espionage activities inside America with the aid of U.S. citizens, particularly during World War II. As apprehension about Soviet influence grew as the Cold War heated up, U.S. leaders decided to take action. On March 21, 1947, President Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) issued Executive Order 9835, also known as the Loyalty Order, which mandated that all federal employees be analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government. Truman’s loyalty program was a startling development for a country that prized the concepts of personal liberty and freedom of political organization. Yet it was only one of many questionable activities that occurred during the period of anticommunist hysteria known as the Red Scare.
PROBING RED INFLUENCE
One of the pioneering efforts to investigate communist activities took place in the U.S. House of Representatives, where the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was formed in 1938. HUAC’s investigations frequently focused on exposing Communists working inside the federal government or subversive elements working in the Hollywood film industry, and the committee gained new momentum following World War II, as the Cold War began. Under pressure from the negative publicity aimed at their studios, movie executives created blacklists that barred suspected radicals from employment; similar lists were also established in other industries.
Another congressional investigator, U.S. Senator Joseph R. McCarthy (1908-57) of Wisconsin, became the person most closely associated with the anticommunist crusade–and with its excesses. McCarthy used hearsay and intimidation to establish himself as a powerful and feared figure in American politics. He leveled charges of disloyalty at celebrities, intellectuals and anyone who disagreed with his political views, costing many of his victims their reputations and jobs. McCarthy’s reign of terror continued until his colleagues formally denounced his tactics in 1954.
The FBI and its longtime director, J. Edgar Hoover (1895-1972), aided many of the legislative investigations of communist activities. An ardent anticommunist, Hoover had been a key player in an earlier, though less pervasive, Red Scare in the years following World War I (1914-18). With the dawning of the new anticommunist crusade in the late 1940s, Hoover’s agency compiled extensive files on suspected subversives through the use of wiretaps, surveillance and the infiltration of leftist groups.
The information obtained by the FBI proved essential in high-profile legal cases, including the 1949 conviction of 12 prominent leaders of the American Communist Party on charges that they had advocated the overthrow of the government. Moreover, Hoover’s agents helped build the case against Julius Rosenberg (1918-53) and his wife, Ethel Rosenberg (1915-53), who were convicted of espionage in 1951 and executed two years later.
HYSTERIA AND GROWING CONSERVATISM
Public concerns about communism were heightened by international events. In 1949, the Soviet Union successfully tested a nuclear bomb and communist forces led by Mao Zedong (1893-1976) took control of China. The following year saw the start of the Korean War (1950-53), which engaged U.S. troops in combat against the communist-supported forces of North Korea. The advances of communism around the world convinced many U.S. citizens that there was a real danger of “Reds” taking over their own country. Figures such as McCarthy and Hoover fanned the flames of fear by wildly exaggerating that possibility.
As the Red Scare intensified, its political climate turned increasingly conservative. Elected officials from both major parties sought to portray themselves as staunch anticommunists, and few people dared to criticize the questionable tactics used to persecute suspected radicals. Membership in leftist groups dropped as it became clear that such associations could lead to serious consequences, and dissenting voices from the left side of the political spectrum fell silent on a range of important issues. In judicial affairs, for example, support for free speech and other civil liberties eroded significantly. This trend was symbolized by the 1951 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Dennis v. United States, which said that the free-speech rights of accused Communists could be restricted because their actions presented a clear and present danger to the government.
Americans also felt the effects of the Red Scare on a personal level, and thousands of alleged communist sympathizers saw their lives disrupted. They were hounded by law enforcement, alienated from friends and family and fired from their jobs. While a small number of the accused may have been aspiring revolutionaries, most others were the victims of false allegations or had done nothing more than exercise their democratic right to join a political party. Though the climate of fear and repression began to ease in the late 1950s, the Red Scare has continued to influence political debate in the decades since and is often cited as an example of how unfounded fears can compromise civil liberties.
Red Scare and Communism Reflection Questions
Due Monday the 24th
Why do you believe that the United States was so concerned about the spread of communism? (2 points)
10 points This film describes how Che Guevara developed his beliefs of communism as he traveled throughout South America. As you watch the film, write down 10 events or scenes that you see that could have contributed to Che Guevara’s beliefs and explain why in about two sentences.
Wandering around our America has changed me more than I thought. I am not me any more. At least I'm not the same me I was . . . Me, I'm not the same me, at least not the same spiritual me.” What has changed you most in your life? How has it changed you? (5 points) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________