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Battle of Fort Sumter Notes Part 1 (11:48-18:25) Part 2 (21:38-38:42)


1. What state was Fort Sumter located within?
2. “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave & half free.” Abraham Lincoln. -> What is Lincoln saying in this quote?
3. With a population of 9 million, how many Southerners were enslaved people?
4. Roughly, 1 in _____ AMERICANS were enslaved.
5. Most towns in the South had __________________________, in which enslaved people were treated like cattle.
6. In the late 1850, an A _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ movement grew across the North.
7. Suddenly, southerners realized they had no way to further their way of life b/c they would lack ______________________.
8. What state was “always the center” of talk about southern secession?
9. The “Fire-eaters” were so vocal/outspoken about SECESSION, they were said to …
10. Who is Edward Ruffin?
11. White southerners were _____________ on the issue of secession.
12. What event pushed the country toward Civil War more so than any

other event?

--------------------------START @ 11:48)----------------------------------
13. Abraham Lincoln’s primary goal once elected was to ______________________ the _________________________

with or without slavery.
14. Where was Lincoln born & who were his parents?

15. What was Lincoln’s profession before he became a politician?

16. What does it mean to say, “Major Robert Anderson’s sympathies are with the South, but his loyalties with the Union”?

17. What was the first state to secede from the Union (1 month after Lincoln was elected)?

18. Why did Anderson move his men from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter?

19. Describe Fort Sumter’s physical appearance (based on the pictures shown and descriptions given).

------------------------------(STOP @ 18:25)-------------------------------

20. President Buchanan attempted to send a supply ship to Fort Sumter; what happened next?

21. How did Major Anderson delay the start of the Civil War by four months?

22. By 1861, how many states had seceded from the Union?

23. When these states met in Montgomery, Alabama, who did they elect President of the Confederate States of American?

24. Describe the background of the new Confederate President. (3 facts!)

25. “The power confided in me will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the government. In your hands my dissatisfied country, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of Civil War.”

What is LINCOLN saying in the quote above?

26. Lincoln wanted to preserve the Union above all else; how would not doing anything about Fort Sumter hurt his goal?

27. What was in the letter Lincoln sent the Confederates?

28. How was Lincoln’s letter a “political maneuver” to force the south to fire the first shot of the civil war?

29. Did Major Anderson know when the Civil War would start? Explain.

30. Opinion. Why might a leading “fire eater” decline to fire the first shot? (Do you remember what a “fire eater” was?)

31. The Union’s General Anderson could have fired on downtown Charleston (on civilian targets) … why did he choose not to?

32. On the second day of the battle, how was the Union fairing?

33. How many hours did the Battle of Fort Sumter last? How many died at Fort Sumter?

34. What happened to Major Anderson and his men after he surrendered? (Were they taken as prisoners?)
35. Why did Major Anderson get assigned to Kentucky after Fort Sumter?

36. Lincoln called for ____________ troops to fight for the Union.

37. After the civil war, what was Major Anderson invited to do at Fort Sumter?

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