Name____________________________________ 7th SS HW Due Wed. 10/9/2013 Class___ Juan Rodriguez, Early Exploration Leader from the Dominican Republic!
Juan Rodriguez, born in Santo Domingo, son of a Portuguese sailor and of an African woman, was the first man of Dominican descent to live in what would become New York City. He spent the winter at a Dutch fur trading post on Lower Manhattan in 1613. In 1621 the Dutch Republic firmly established its claim to New Netherland. Fur trader Adrian Block complained bitterly that a competitor tried to spoil their exclusive rights to getting furs and trading in the new settlement in “New Amsterdam” (NYC) by having their helper, Juan Rodriguez, trying to offer furs more cheaply. Rodriquez was sent to trade with the Indians, because he got along better with them.
When this illegal trading stopped, and the competitors were forced to sail away, Rodriguez chose to stay and live here. They had given Juan Rodriguez eighty hatchets, some knives, a musket and a sword. Rodriguez claimed it was his own idea to gain friendship with the natives, set up a trading post, and live comfortably on Manhattan Island. His boss claimed he had
run away to do this trading.
The natives, who preferred the goods and ironware sold by Rodriguez over their own, seem to have accepted him as the island’s first merchant. Juan Rodriguez is the first merchant from overseas to trade in NYC!
What Was the First Recorded Voyage
Around the World?
Columbus is the first European to land and start a new colony in the “New World” of the Americas in 1492. Many came after him: Cortes, Pizarro, and don’t forget Vasco de Gama, who was the first recorded European to get to Africa from Europe sailing down around Africa. Europeans wanted silks, gems and spices from the East. At the end of the 15th century, the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama had found a route from Europe to India by sailing round the southern tip of Africa, but people thought there might be another route.
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese sailor. He wanted to try to reach south-east Asia to gain trade in spices by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. Spain paid for his trip. He hoped to find a passage through South America so he could sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific. He left Spain in 1519 with five ships and about 260 men. At first he did not tell his men where they were going because he thought they would be too frightened to obey him.
Magellan found the strait that is now named after him, but only by chance. When two of his ships were driven towards land in a storm, the men feared they would be dashed against the shore. Then, just in time, they spotted a small opening in the coastline. It was the passage for which they had been searching since they left home.
The ocean grew calm and peaceful when Magellan finally entered it. By now one of his ships had deserted, but the other four started the journey across their new-found sea. To everyone's amazement, the crossing was to take three months and 20 days.
Magellan and his men suffered terrible hunger. They ran out of fresh food and many died of scurvy, an illness caused by a lack of the vitamin C found in fresh fruit and vegetables. One of the crew wrote:
'We ate only old biscuit reduced to powder, and full of grubs, and stinking from the dirt which the rats had made on it when eating the good biscuit, and we drank water that was yellow and stinking. The men were so hungry that if any of them caught a rat, he could sell it for a high price to someone who would eat it.'
Magellan was killed in a fight with islanders in the Philippines. Some say they were drunk. He died on 27 April 1521 in the Philippines.
So although he had masterminded the first expedition to sail around the world, he did not complete the voyage himself. The first person to sail around the world was a Malaysian, Enrique of Melaka, who had travelled back to Europe with Magellan many years earlier. Later, Melaka accompanied Magellan as an interpreter on this circumnavigation. Of all the men who sailed with Magellan, only 18 returned to Spain in 1522. People were amazed when they saw those on board the one remaining ship, Victoria, for they looked starved and filthy.
ANSWER ON LOOSELEAF:
1.What language is still spoken in the Philippines from this story ?
2. Who would you say deserves credit for being the first to sail around the world, to circumnavigate the globe in a ship: Vasco De Gama, Magellan, Enrique Melaka.
3. Based on the text, the best answer that says a lesson we learn from the tragedy of Magellan’s trip:
a) He who lives by greed and the sword, dies by greed and the sword. What goes around,comes around.
b) We should be loyal no matter what to a leader or person in authority.
4. What would you ask or tell Magellan if you could talk to him today?__________________________
5.Magellan and the other explorers were all looking for a route to the Indies, or the because______.
6. Read about Juan Rodriguez next. He was from the island we now call the country of ____________
He came to settle New Amsterdam, or today the city of N________Y________ for the Europeans called the D__________ from Holland or the Netherlands in 1600s. He is called an A____-Caribbean because his parents or ancestors he descended from were from the continent of A____________, but he was forced as to migrate to the islands of the C____________ Sea. Rodriquez was able to be such a good trader because he was brave and he learned l______________ of the first nation or indigenous people so he could talk and communicate better with them.
7. Learning there were so many great explorers among people of color might make students feel__.
8. Why do you think these multicultural explorers are “invisible” in history? That is, why do Europeans get all the credit for the navigation and exploration? _______________________________
9. How strongly do you feel that Juan Rodriguez or Enrique Melaka should be included in our textbook for social studies class?