My Annotated Bibliography What is an annotated bibliography?

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My Annotated Bibliography


A bibliography is a list of sources (books, journals, websites, periodicals, etc.) you have been using to research your topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called "references" or "sources" and your bibliography has just included information on the author, title, publisher, publisher location, copyright, and pages used.

An annotation is a summary of your source. This is made up of 2-3 sentences explaining WHY you used the source, WHAT was covered in that source, and HOW it was useful to you in proving your argument/researchable question.

Therefore, an annotated bibliography is a list of the sources you have used and also a summary of each of the sources. ________________________________________________________________________


1. Lay out all of your source cards in front of you and separate the primary from the secondary source cards into two stacks of cards.

2. Take all primary sources stacks and place them into their own smaller stacks (like all books into one smaller stack, all magazines into another smaller stack, and so on).

3. Put each of these smaller source card stacks into alphabetical order by the author’s last name. If there is not a last name given, then alphabetize using the title of the source.

4. Take the secondary sources stack and do the same thing you did in #3 and #4.

5. Place the primary source card stacks in front of you and take out your Living Museum notebook. Make a header titled “My Annotated Bibliography” and date it.

6. Look on your FORMAT PAGE and find the type of source you have for your first primary source card. Write that category onto your page (for example: “Books”).

7. Write the information from this first source card onto your paper in same exact format you see on the FORMAT PAGE you have been provided and number this source #1. If missing any information (date updated, author’s first name), skip it and get the rest.

8. Complete this procedure for all cards in that stack and then move on to your second stack. Write that category onto your page underneath this set of sources.

9. Follow this same procedure for all primary sources and then move on to secondary sources. Be sure to write the new category name for each smaller stack you have.

Sample Bibliography

Primary Sources


1. “Aviatrix Must Sign life Away to learn Trade”. Chicago Defender, October 8, 1921.

This article explains what Bessie Coleman had to do to go to France, and gives great detail and quotes.

2. Powell, William J. Black Aviator: A New Edition of Black Wings. Washington:
Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.
This book showed me how Bessie Coleman inspired so many people.


3. Black Wings Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. “The Flying Ace” Advertisement. 1923.

This shows Norman Studios film, “The Flying Ace”, featuring actors acting out pilots, like Bessie Coleman.

4. Black Wings Smithsonian Air and Space Museum. Picture of Bessie Coleman in her pilot’s uniform. 1922.

This picture shows Bessie Coleman ready for one of her shows in her military style clothing she was famous for.

Secondary Sources


5. “B. Coleman, eleve des Freres Caudron.” Ponthieu-Marquenterre, June 8, 2005. (French)
This newspaper article-printed in French- tells about Bessie Coleman and how she inspired people in France. It also tells about the Bessie Coleman Foundation.

6. Atkins, Jeannine. Wings And Rockets: The Story Women In Air and Space. New York:
Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003.
This book tells you about women and how they effected the aviation and space world.

7. “Aviation”. Aviation and Space. September 24, 2005. This site tells about aviators and their accomplishments.

8. Barr, Agnes. “World’s First African American Woman Pilot Honored With US Stamp”.

The Ninety-Nines. September 16, 2005. <>.
This source gives information on how Bessie Coleman was honored with a US stamp in the Black Heritage Collection. It tells how Bessie Coleman’s family worked with the post office to get it.

Format Page


Author's last name, first name. Book title. Additional information. City of publication: Publishing company, publication date.


Allen, Thomas B. Vanishing Wildlife of North America. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1974.

Boorstin, Daniel J. The Creators: A History of the Heroes of the Imagination. New York: Random, 1992.

Hall, Donald, ed. The Oxford Book of American Literacy Anecdotes. New York: Oxford UP, 1981.

Encyclopedia & Dictionary
Author's last name, first name. "Title of Article." Title of Encyclopedia. Date.

*Note: If the dictionary or encyclopedia arranges articles alphabetically, you may omit volume and page numbers.


"Azimuthal Equidistant Projection." Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 10th ed. 1993.

Pettingill, Olin Sewall, Jr. "Falcon and Falconry." World Book Encyclopedia. 1980.

Magazine & Newspaper Articles
Author's last name, first name. "Article title." Periodical title Volume # Date: inclusive pages.

*Note: If an edition is named on the masthead, add a comma after the date and specify the edition.


Hall, Trish. "IQ Scores Are Up, and Psychologists Wonder Why." New York Times 24 Feb. 1998, late ed.

Kalette, Denise. "California Town Counts Down to Big Quake." USA Today 9 21 July 1986: sec. A: 1.

Kanfer, Stefan. "Heard Any Good Books Lately?" Time 113 21 July 1986: 71-72.

Trillin, Calvin. "Culture Shopping." New Yorker 15 Feb. 1993: 48-51.

Website or Webpage
Author's last name, first name (if available). "Title of work within a project or database." Title of site, project, or database. Editor (if available). Electronic publication information (Date of publication or of the latest update, and name of any sponsoring institution or organization). Date of access and .

*Note: If you cannot find some of this information, cite what is available.


Devitt, Terry. "Lightning injures four at music festival." The Why? Files. 2 Aug. 2001. 23 Jan. 2002 .

Dove, Rita. "Lady Freedom among Us." The Electronic Text Center. Ed. David Seaman. 1998. Alderman Lib., U of Virginia. 19 June 1998 .

Lancashire, Ian. Homepage. 28 Mar. 2002. 15 May 2002 .

Levy, Steven. "Great Minds, Great Ideas." Newsweek 27 May 2002. 10 June 2002 .

Websites to help you cite your sources and make your annotated bibliography:

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