Mussolini Until 1920 the Fascists had little success Reasons for the rise of the Fascists (1920-22)



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Mussolini

Until 1920 the Fascists had little success



Reasons for the rise of the Fascists (1920-22)

  • Disgust in Italy at the terms of the peace treaties (didn’t obtain A.H. territory)

  • The Fascists represented a means to stop the socialists and the communists (in the eyes of conservative politicians, who sought to moderate and control Fascism to their purposes)

  • Mussolini was backed by wealthy industrialists and landowners (b/c of their fear of socialist reforms)

  • Support from Pope Pius XI and the Vatican (who saw the Fascists as an opportunity to normalize State-Church relationships)

  • Lack of faith in Italy’s institutions (failures of WWI, post-war violence…)

  • The violence of the Fascists (i.e.: blackshirts) intimidated opponents

  • The complicity of the police and the army (who didn’t suppress Fascist violence)

  • After the March on Rome (October 22) the King offered the post of Prime Minister to Mussolini



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