Multiple Choice



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Unit 1 Reading Quiz 4 Name:___________________________

Multiple Choice- Bubble in the letter of the best answer on the answer sheet provided

  1. The 1846 war with Mexico was largely a dispute over the boundary between Mexico and what territory? :k

    1. California

    2. Spain

    3. The United States

    4. Texas



  1. Many Northerners strongly objected to the 1846 war with Mexico because: :k

    1. A U.S. victory could result in the expansion of slavery.

    2. Most Yankees were outspoken pacifists.

    3. The likelihood of unparalleled carnage was so great.

    4. A U.S. defeat would mean the loss of Texas to Mexico.



  1. During which era was power-driven machinery introduced in the United States? :a

    1. The Agricultural Revolution

    2. The Electronic Revolution

    3. The Industrial Revolution

    4. The Social Revolution



  1. As a result of industrialization during the first half of the nineteenth century, per capita income doubled and living standards improved for many people in the United States. What was another consequence of the Industrial Revolution? :a

    1. Wealth became concentrated in the hands of fewer people

    2. The size and economic power of the middle class decreased

    3. Prosperity rose among working class women

    4. The gap between the rich and poor narrowed



  1. What conceptual breakthrough, used by Eli Whitney to produce rifles and the cotton gin, was vital to the First Industrial Revolution in the United States? :a

    1. Hydroelectric power

    2. The Bessemer process

    3. Interchangeable parts

    4. The factory system



  1. When steamboats were first introduced, why were some potential customers reluctant to travel on them? :a

    1. Boilers posed a danger of catastrophic explosion

    2. Weak engines limited voyages to smaller rivers

    3. Outlaw gangs operating along riverbanks threatened passengers

    4. Navigation license fees made passenger tickets expensive



  1. Who is described in this testimony? :a

“The health of the operatives is not so good as the health of females who do housework or millinery business. The chief evil is the shortness of time allowed for meals. The next evil is the length of time employed- not giving them time to cultivate their minds.”

    1. Indentured servants in Virginia gristmills

    2. Residents of Hull House

    3. Workers in the Lowell Mills

    4. Members of the Fruitlands community

.

  1. Which two works are most similar in political intent? :b

    1. Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” and Emerson’s “Self Reliance”

    2. The Federalist and Tocqueville’s Democracy in America

    3. The Emancipation Proclamation and the Fugitive Slave Law

    4. The Kentucky Resolution and the South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification (South Carolina Exposition)



  1. What issue dominated congressional deliberations over the admission of Texas as a state? :b

    1. The intentions of Mexico

    2. The expansion of slavery

    3. The status of American Indians

    4. The problem if illegal immigration



  1. The novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin criticized which aspect of U.S. society? :b

    1. Capitalism

    2. Politics

    3. Poverty

    4. Slavery



  1. What was the main goal of the American Colonization Society? :c

    1. To return slaves to Africa

    2. To prevent violence against abolitionists

    3. To resettle freedmen in new territories

    4. To assist slaves on the Underground Railroad



  1. Which nineteenth-century social reformer is best known for working to improve treatment of people with mental illnesses? :c

    1. Margaret Fuller

    2. Horace Mann

    3. Dorothea Dix

    4. Abigail Adams



  1. Which individual is most closely linked to the abolitionist movement? :c

    1. Frederick Douglass

    2. Nat Turner

    3. Ralph Waldo Emerson

    4. Horace Mann



  1. Which statement about the relationship between Protestant evangelical religion and reform in the mid-nineteenth century is accurate? :c

    1. Evangelicals believed any effort to change society was doomed by original sin.

    2. Evangelicals were concerned more about drunkenness than about slavery.

    3. Most evangelicals were primarily troubled by the evils of prostitution.

    4. Some evangelicals were strong abolitionists and antislavery activists.



  1. What belief was central to the philosophy of most transcendentalists? :c

    1. Original sin is inescapable

    2. Humankind is perfectible

    3. Capitalism is unjust

    4. Absolute certainty is possible



  1. What social movement does this nineteenth-century magazine illustration represent? :c

    1. Nativism

    2. Suffrage

    3. Abolitionism

    4. Temperance



  1. The practice of assisting escaped slaves to reach safety is associated with what nineteenth-century social activist? :d

    1. Harriet Beecher Stowe

    2. Harriet Tubman

    3. John Brown

    4. William Lloyd Garrison



  1. What do the arrows on this map represent? :d

    1. The movement of Copperheads

    2. The maneuvers of the Union Army

    3. The routes of the Underground Railroad

    4. The retreats of the Confederate Army



  1. Which statement best describes the contrasting opinions toward John Brown following his raid on the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry? :d

    1. Northerners considered Brown a martyr, but southerners considered him a criminal.

    2. Virginia authorities thought Brown mentally unfit to stand trial, but federal officials thought he should be hanged.

    3. Union supporters perceived Brown as a traitor, but Confederate sympathizers perceived him as a hero.

    4. Republicans believed Brown’s attack strengthened their case for slavery, but Democrats believed it demonstrated how slavery weakened the Union.



  1. Which individual escaped from slavery, strove to learn to read and write, and became an influential abolitionist orator? :d

    1. Frederick Douglass

    2. Sojourner Truth

    3. Nat Turner

    4. John Brown



  1. Which of the following American leaders advocated for “immediate emancipation, gradually achieved”? :d

    1. Jane Addams

    2. William Lloyd Garrison

    3. Andrew Jackson

    4. Rosa Parks



  1. What main factor accounts for the rise of feminism during the antebellum period? :e

    1. Male support of female delegates attending the London antislavery convention

    2. The widespread influence of the egalitarian social philosophy of Quakers

    3. A sharp increase in the number of women entering male-dominated professions

    4. The active involvement of women in a variety of reform movements



  1. Which generalization about the relationship between the women’s rights movement and the antebellum period is most accurate? :e

    1. Feminists earned the hostility of abolitionists because their agitation distracted Americans from the goal of abolishing slavery.

    2. The Seneca Falls agenda had broad support among New York state legislators, but the abolitionist lobby succeeded in tabling their vote.

    3. Many Americans believed that the resolution of feminist demands was considerably less urgent than the cause of abolitionists.

    4. The feminist movement gave rise to the abolitionist cause because it drew parallels between the institution of slavery and the oppression of women.



  1. Which of the following is most closely associated with the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848? :e

    1. Abigail Adams

    2. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    3. Alice Paul

    4. Hillary Clinton



  1. Which statement best describes the regional economic differences during the mid-nineteenth century? :f

    1. The North specialized in manufacture goods, and the South specialized in cotton.

    2. The North specialized in tobacco, and the South specialized in food crops.

    3. The North specialized in fishing, and the South specialized in textiles.

    4. The North specialized in agriculture, and the South specialized in mining.




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