8. A ____________________ is a story or legend handed down from generation to generation.
9. _________________________ is said to be the first actor and playwright.
10. Which of the following is true of the Greek Chorus?
*A. Its importance in tragedy decreased during the fifth century.
B. Its importance in tragedy increased during the fifth century.
C. It was made up of both male and female actors.
D. It was always made up of realistic characters.
11. The first of the extant Greek playwrights, his characters embody cosmic conflicts.
12. The ______________________________ was a device which flew in the gods in Greek drama. The term is now used for any surprise ending.
*A. deus ex machine
D. deus ex crane
13. ____________________________________ wrote tragedies; it is unlikely that his plays were performed in Roman public theatres.
14. ________________________ makes fun of society, politics, or culture.
15. In the center of the Greek orchestra was found a _______________________; this is a reminder that Greek drama was rooted in religious rituals.
16. One scene-changing device believed to have been used in Ancient Greece was the ____________________, which had three painted flats hinged together.
17. The ________________________, a platform on wheels, was used to reveal climactic offstage events.
18. The ________________________ theory argues that theater originated with large choral odes which were sung by a chorus of fifty men as part of religious festivals.
D. epic rhapsode
19. While the characters in the plays of _____________________________ embodied cosmic conflicts (i.e. were superhuman), _______________________ placed emphasis on individual characters who were complex and psychologically motivated.
*A. Aeschylus, Sophocles
B. Euripides, Sophocles
C. Sophocles, Aristophanes
D. Euripides, Aeschylus
20. The only extant Greek comedies from the fifth century B.C. were written by:
21. The _______________________ was a Greek festival held in honor of Dionysus and featuring the performance of plays.
A. Rural Dionysia
*B. City Dionysia
22. According to your text, the first critic to attempt to pinpoint the characteristics of Greek tragedy was:
23. What was the "viewing place" of the early Greek theatres called?
24. _____________________________ uses domestic situations of middle class citizens and is generally concerned with love and financial considerations.
A. Old Comedy
B. Middle Comedy
*C. New Comedy
25. _______________________________ gave actors professional security in the Hellenistic period.
*A. The Artists of Dionysus
B. The Academy
26. In the Hellenistic period, actors wore large headdresses known as the:
27. In the Hellenistic period, the __________________________acted as the producer of plays.
Please choose whether the statement is true or false.
28. Greek theatre is intimately bound up with Greek religion.
29. Business came to a standstill during dramatic festivals.