Multiple choice. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question



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Chapter 1-5 Unit Test

Name___________________________________





MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1)



Early Indian communities in North America typically

1)


_______

A)



feared the gods and refused to change.

B)



always developed around stable agricultural economies.

C)



demonstrated increasing levels of complexity.

D)



remained socially and communally primitive compared to Europeans.

E)



had little knowledge of even the simplest forms of technology.


2)



A consequence of some Native Americans' increasing reliance on agriculture was

2)


_______

A)



a decrease in the need for military forces.

B)



a lesser role for religion in their lives.

C)



total reliance on weather patterns.

D)



a new division of labor and, ultimately, the emergence of social classes.

E)



higher levels of disease.


3)



Eastern Woodland tribes generally subsisted by

3)


_______

A)



fur trading and tobacco production.

B)



gathering, hunting, and cultivation.

C)



fishing and farming.

D)



raids on neighboring villages.

E)



dry farming and small game hunting.


4)



The largest Indian population centers could be found among

4)


_______

A)



the warrior cultures of the Southeast.

B)



the Archaic peoples of the interior.

C)



the hunters and gatherers of the Great Plains.

D)



the fishing communities of the Pacific Northwest.

E)



the coastal farming districts of the South, the Southwest, and the Northeast.


5)



Which one of the following is not a significant native New World crop?

5)


_______

A)



beans

B)


wheat

C)


potatoes

D)


tea

E)


maize


6)



Beringia refers to the

6)


_______

A)



first settled group of Indians in the Yukon Basin.

B)



earliest evidence of human habitation in the United States.

C)



immense Northern glaciers

D)



earlier land connection between Asia and North America.

E)



greatest of the Indians wars prior to 10,000 B.C.E.


7)



An important factor in Columbus' decision to exploit the Taino Indians was

7)


_______

A)



the Taino Indians' initial hostile behavior toward the Spaniards.

B)



his sincere desire to convert the Tainos to Christianity.

C)



his belief that they could lead him to sources of gold.

D)



his amazed reaction to the sophisitcated culture exhibited by the tribe.

E)



their control of the production of spices much in demand in Spain.


8)



A primary cause of the tripling of Western Europe's population between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries was

8)


_______

A)



the improved quality of life which resulted from contact with civilization to the East.

B)



greatly increased agricultural productivity and the increased food supply that resulted.

C)



the Roman Catholic Church's restrictions on artificial birth control methods.

D)



the absence of any extended periods of warfare during those centuries.

E)



migration from the Orient.


9)



The Renaissance was based in the belief that

9)


_______

A)



ancient classical beliefs and forms must be rejected.

B)



concern for the afterlife must always be the primary focus of human beings.

C)



learning was the domain of the upper class.

D)



the authority of the Roman Catholic Church should be obeyed in all instances.

E)



human potential is important and should be celebrated.


10)



Which of the following contributed LEAST to the collapse of native populations after European arrival

10)


______

A)



warfare.

B)



starvation.

C)



disease.

D)



refusal to assimilate.

E)



demoralization.


11)



By establishing a "frontier of inclusion," the Spanish developed communities

11)


______

A)



with other European peoples.

B)



of large mixed-ancestry groups.

C)



of equals with native peoples.

D)



of strict racial separation.

E)



that were more rural than urban.


12)



One of the major reasons for social change and the disruption of the English economy in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was the

12)


______

A)



absence of a Catholic king on the English throne.

B)



enclosing of common pastureland.

C)



deflationary monetary cycle.

D)



The end of the Reformation.

E)



inflationary monetary cycle.


13)



In general, new monarchies in Europe forged alliances with

13)


______

A)



the Church.

B)



nobility.

C)



the guilds.

D)



the merchant class.

E)



peasants.


14)



The first European country to attempt massive exploration of Africa and begin the navigation expertise (and schools) that led to New World expansion was

14)


______

A)



Genoa.

B)


Spain.

C)


Ireland.

D)


Granada.

E)


Portugal.


15)



French interest in the Indians was based primarily in

15)


______

A)



their desire for Indian land.

B)



commercial concerns, including the fur trade.

C)



their need to populate New France.

D)



their belief that the Indians should be converted to Christianity.

E)



their need for heavy labor from the Indians.


16)



Maryland was the only English colony in North America with a substantial MINORITY of

16)


______

A)



Jews.

B)


Catholics.

C)


Dutch.

D)


Spaniards.

E)


Puritans.


17)



Which one of the following is LEAST true of community life in the Chesapeake of the 1600s?

17)


______

A)



Houses and settlements were generally crude.

B)



They were developing a distinctive American culture not at all like that of Britain.

C)



The scarcity of women gave them some advantages in bargaining.

D)



Few schools and churches existed.

E)



There were problems with insects and the lack of potable water.


18)



Which one of the following is NOT true of English and Massachusetts Indians' land relationships?

18)


______

A)



The English were impatient in dealing with the Indians.

B)



The English viewed most Indian land as "unused."

C)



The Indians were pressured into signing quitclaims.

D)



Treachery and dishonest deals were common.

E)



Formal and fair treaties and land purchases were always made.


19)



By the 1650s the New England economy had

19)


______

A)



broken apart from the English mercantile tradition.

B)



increasingly depended on fur and tobacco.

C)



collapsed as many returned to Cromwell's English Commonwealth.

D)



become more dependent on the Atlantic slave trade.

E)



diversified into farming, fishing, lumbering, shipbuilding and other enterprises.


20)



The cultural ideal for Puritan women in the New England community social order was

20)


______

A)



subordination to men.

B)



to be literate and economically independent.

C)



little control over family household tasks.

D)



large families.

E)



small families.


21)



Both Bacon's Rebellion and Culpeper's Rebellion showed conflict between these two communities

21)


______

A)



"praying town" Indians and Covenant Chain Indians in New England

B)



New York and New Jersey over the Hudson River boundary

C)



Puritans and dissenters in Rhode Island and Massachusetts

D)



Tidewater (coastal, elite) and frontier regions of Virginia and North Carolina

E)



slave traders and those who objected to slavery


22)



King William's War and Queen Anne's War was primarily between the English and the

22)


______

A)



Spanish.

B)


French.

C)


Dutch.

D)


Iroquois.

E)


Indians


23)



If you had been an indentured servant in the Chesapeake colonies in the mid-1600s, which one of the following would you have been MOST likely to be?

23)


______

A)



a convicted criminal

B)



a young, unmarried woman

C)



a skilled craftsman

D)



a young man with a family

E)



young, single, unskilled male


24)



The Puritans of England were so named because they were trying to

24)


______

A)



"pursue" religious tolerance for all Christian creeds.

B)



"preach" Christ to convert the lost.

C)



"purify" the English Church from within.

D)



"profess" the principles of self-government.

E)



"purge" or separate themselves from the corrupt English Church.


25)



The "praying towns" were

25)


______

A)



centers of Indian resistance to white rule.

B)



sources of unrest for Puritan settlers.

C)



centers for Indians who had converted to Christianity.

D)



the first Puritan outposts in the interior.

E)



towns known for their Christian piety.


26)



The cultivation of tobacco by the English colonists

26)


______

A)



created pressure for more expansion into Indian territory.

B)



made Indian slave labor profitable.

C)



was ultimately banned by the King of England.

D)



encouraged trade between the settlers and the Indians.

E)



prompted the English to seek a community of inclusion.


27)



Which one of the following is NOT characteristic of the West African societies that many slaves were taken from to the New World?

27)


______

A)



sophisticated agricultural methods

B)



polygamous marriage and family system

C)



elaborate trade networks

D)



all slaves belonged to one distinct ethnic group

E)



non-Christian religious practices


28)



The term "Middle Passage" refers to the

28)


______

A)



transport of slaves from the West Indies to the American South.

B)



regulations of mercantilism on the Atlantic.

C)



sugar to rum transition from the West Indies to New England.

D)



English search for a water route through North America.

E)



horrendous slave voyages from Africa to America.


29)



Which one of the following is NOT true of the Middle Passage?

29)


______

A)



Nutrition was deplorable on the journey to the New World.

B)



Africans were forced to do a bizarre routine of daily aerobic exercises.

C)



Most slaves were treated well to get a higher price.

D)



An estimated one in every six Africans perished.

E)



Holds were usually unsanitary and had a sickening stench.


30)



Which one of the following was NOT a result of the African slave trade?

30)


______

A)



The West African economy stagnated.

B)



The population of Africa went into decline.

C)



African interior kingdoms grew stronger.

D)



The trade was banned in Virginia as early as 1625.

E)



Cultural demoralization developed.


31)



North of the Chesapeake, slaves and free blacks were least likely to be found in

31)


______

A)



dairy operations.

B)



cattle raising.

C)



black-owned fishing fleets.

D)



port cities.

E)



iron making.


32)



With the many ethnic groups present, this may have first formed the foundation of a common African American culture

32)


______

A)



fictive kinship

B)



music and dance

C)



conversion to Christianity

D)



learning English

E)



interest in commerce


33)



This rebellion in September 1739 was the largest slave revolt of the colonial period

33)


______

A)



Stono, South Carolina

B)



New York City, New York

C)



Richmond, Virginia

D)



Newport, Rhode Island

E)



Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


34)



The effect of mercantilism on warfare was to

34)


______

A)



reduce the likelihood of war as nations concentrated on commercial activities.

B)



maximize it through trade rivalries.

C)



condemn it as damaging to international economies.

D)



stabilize it through economic cooperation.

E)



minimize intertribal warfare.


35)



In an effort to restrict the colonists' opportunity to compete economically with the mother country, England enacted all of the following EXCEPT a

35)


______

A)



restriction against colonial tariffs on British imported goods.

B)



newly established colonial banking system.

C)



limitation on colonial iron manufacturing as well as some other products.

D)



requirement that imported molasses be taxed at a higher rate than molasses purchased from the English Caribbean colonies.

E)



prohibition on colonial coinage.


36)



Which colonial export was the LEAST associated with the growth of the Slave Trade in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries?

36)


______

A)



sugar

B)


fish

C)


indigo

D)


tobacco

E)


rice


37)



The terms Gullah and Geeche show survival of African culture in

37)


______

A)



musical instruments.

B)



religion.

C)



language.

D)



foods.

E)



styles of clothing.


38)



A typical wealthy southern planter

38)


______

A)



had little connection with other powerful landowners.

B)



lived far away from the coast.

C)



spent much of his time personally working his plantation.

D)



owned only as many slaves as he needed.

E)



belonged to a powerful social and political sphere.


39)



A significant characteristic of Spanish colonial communities was

39)


______

A)



The close contact maintained with the administrators of New Spain.

B)



The great prosperity most of them experienced.

C)



The religious equality between the colonizers and the natives.

D)



The rigid segregation practiced between Indians and Europeans.

E)



Their close association with religious missions.


40)



Compared to the British, the French in North America

40)


______

A)



Did not resort to violence or cruelty when confronted with Indian opposition.

B)



Were more interested in expanding into Indian territories.

C)



Tended to have better relations with the Indians.

D)



Were successful in promoting their religion among the Indians.

E)



Had much worse relations with the Indian populations.


41)



The British colonial group most comfortable with religious and ethnic pluralism (diversity) were the

41)


______

A)



Puritans.

B)



Anglicans.

C)



Catholics.

D)



Huguenots.

E)



Quakers.


42)



The rising English colonial demand for Indian lands most stemmed from

42)


______

A)



an interest in Indian folkways

B)



a general expectation that Indians didn't deserve property and colonists did

C)



English adventurers' desire for glory

D)



a desire to open up new trade routes to the south and west

E)



a desire to convert Indians to Christianity


43)



An Enlightenment thinker would emphasize that

43)


______

A)



The natural world imposed restriction on humans that they could not overcome.

B)



Progress occurred through the working of God's laws.

C)



The rhythms of life and nature guide human behavior.

D)



Humans were capable of understanding natural laws and using them to improve their condition.

E)



Philosopher kings could best rule a nation.


44)



In Poor Richard's Almanac, Ben Franklin tried to promote this to ordinary folk

44)


______

A)



Representative government.

B)



Scientific progress.

C)



Colonial unity.

D)



Great Awakening.

E)



Enlightenment thought.


45)



In establishing the half-way covenant, the Puritans

45)


______

A)



Managed rather than resolved the problem of compulsory church attendance and requirements for church membership.

B)



Stopped requiring a conversion experience for acceptance into church membership.

C)



Denied church membership to most second generation Puritans in colonial America.

D)



Mediated between Calvinism and Arminianism.

E)



Allowed the children of church members all the privileges of church membership.


46)



The Great Awakening had its deepest effects on

46)


______

A)



The elderly.

B)



The wealthy.

C)



Persons who had little previous association with a church.

D)



The young people of the colonies.

E)



The native population.


47)



If you were a squatter in a log cabin, raising Indian corn and hogs, hunting, caring little for rank, you were probably in this area

47)


______

A)



Backcountry.

B)



Lower South.

C)



Spanish Borderlands.

D)



Dutch Highlands.

E)



New England.


48)



The English colonies populations grew more rapidly than the Spanish or French colonies because

48)


______

A)



Their environments were much healthier and mortality was lower.

B)



Their fertility rates were much higher.

C)



of increased infant mortality.

D)



Good framing techniques and food were more plentiful.

E)



English immigration policies were less restrictive.


49)



English authorities made the Church of England the official state religion in

49)


______

A)



The Chesapeake colonies.

B)



Rhode Island.

C)



Pennsylvania.

D)



New England.

E)



New Jersey.


50)



During the eighteenth century the middle colonies exhibited certain characteristics that distinguished them from New England. Among these was

50)


______

A)



High rates of mobility.

B)



Communal land distribution.

C)



Religious uniformity.

D)



The settlement of planned communities.

E)



Relative equality of the sexes.


1)



C

2)



D

3)



B

4)



E

5)



D

6)



D

7)



C

8)



B

9)



E

10)



D

11)



B

12)



B

13)



D

14)



E

15)



B

16)



B

17)



B

18)



E

19)



E

20)



A

21)



D

22)



B

23)



E

24)



C

25)



C

26)



A

27)



D

28)



E

29)



C

30)



C

31)



C

32)



B

33)



A

34)



B

35)



B

36)



B

37)



C

38)



E

39)



E

40)



C

41)



E

42)



B

43)



D

44)



E

45)



A

46)



D

47)



A

48)



E

49)



A

50)



A


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