Multiple choice. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question



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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) According to the gendered racism perspective: 1) _______

A) Historically, most jobs in the primary sector were held by women of color.

B) All workers are exploited equally by capitalists.

C) Women of color have been uniquely affected by the interactive effect of racism and sexism.

D) All of these are accurate.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

2) Latinos and Latinas continue to be underrepresented in TV programming. 2) _______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

3) William works as a human resources manager in charge of screening applications for a small company. When selecting applications he makes sure that applicant with names that appear to be of Jewish ancestry are 'destroyed'. This type of discrimination is: 3) _______

A) anti-Sematic B) anti-Semitism

C) anti-Social D) anti-Swiss


ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

4) Compare and contrast the experiences of the four U.S. minority groups discussed in your text. Specifically, identify the types of discriminatory practices experienced by each.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

5) Native Americans have the highest unemployment and school-dropout rates in the country. 5) _______


6) The Immigration Act of 1924 favored Asians and southern and eastern Europeans and excluded northern Europeans. 6) _______
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

7) According to the text, official racial and ethnic categories: 7) _______

A) Government definitions are based on languages spoken.

B) were used in the past to rationalize the enslavement of Africans.

C) are based primarily on social traits.

D) All of these are accurate.


8) Which of the following is an example of institutional discrimination? 8) _______

A) A landlord informs a Latino couple that there are no vacancies in her apartment building, but later rents two units to white Americans.

B) A real estate agency has an unwritten policy that its agents are to show African Americans, Latinos/Latinas, and other people of color only those houses that are for sale in predominantly minority neighborhoods, so the agency will not lose repeat business from its affluent white clientele.

C) A taxi driver refuses to pick up African American male passengers.

D) All of the statements are examples of institutional discrimination.
9) Which of the following groups is an example of an ethnic group? 9) _______

A) Native Americans B) African Americans

C) Asian Americans D) Italian Americans
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

10) All people have prejudices whether or not they acknowledge them. 10) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

11) All of the following definitions are correct, except: 11) ______

A) Prejudice is a negative attitude based upon faulty generalizations about members of selected racial and ethnic groups.

B) Racism is a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that are used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group.

C) Stereotypes are over-generalizations about the appearance, behavior, or other characteristics of all members of a group.

D) Ethnocentrism is the assumption that one's own group and way of life are inferior to all others.


12) Racial socialization is a process of social interaction that contains specific messages and practices concerning the nature of one's racial-ethnic status as it relates to: 12) ______

A) Intergroup and interindividual relationships.

B) One's position in the social stratification system.

C) Personal and group identity.

D) All of the above are correct.
13) All of the following statements regarding contemporary Native Americans are correct, except: 13) ______

A) The majority of Native Americans live healthier than the average U.S. citizen.

B) Native Americans have organized to resist discrimination.

C) The majority of Native Americans live in cities.

D) Life expectancy for Native Americans is lower than for white Americans.
14) All of the following statements regarding race and racial groups are correct, except: 14) ______

A) Race is a social construct based on social and political values.

B) Race is one of the most divisive social problems facing the United States.

C) Racial and ethnic inequality is a problem for people of color, but white Americans remain virtually unaffected by racism.

D) A racial group is a category of people who have been singled out, by others or themselves, as inferior or superior, on the basis of subjectively selected physical characteristics.
15) Recent immigrants from Asia to the United States: 15) ______

A) include highly educated professionals from the Republic of India and Pakistan.

B) have made substantial political contributions to both the Democratic and Republican parties.

C) have been excluded by immigration laws.

D) are primarily from Hong Kong.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

16) The definition of an ethnic group is based on physical characteristics such as hair texture, skin color, nose and eye shape. 16) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

17) Which of the following statements most accurately describes the functionalist perspective on racial and ethnic problems? 17) ______

A) Racial and ethnic relations in this country are substantially defined by the government.

B) Racial and ethnic discord must be eliminated or contained because they destabilize the society.

C) Racial and ethnic inequality are rooted in economic stratification and unequal access to power in society.

D) Prejudice and discrimination are caused by faulty racial socialization.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

18) Mortgage lenders who are more likely to grant bank loans to whites than to people of color are engaging in institutional discrimination. 18) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

19) Which of the following statements is correct regarding the theory of racial formation? 19) ______

A) This theory assumes that the distinctive physical characteristics of each racial group resulted from adaptation to that group's original habitat.

B) This theory is based on the assumption that racism is a two-way street: people of any racial or ethnic category can discriminate against people of any other racial or ethnic category.

C) Racial bias and discrimination are rooted in government actions such as the passage of welfare reform measures that have resulted in the unequal treatment of people of color.

D) U.S. immigration policies have been applied neutrally and fairly to people of all racial and ethnic categories; the primary problem has been that the number of new immigrants has to be limited somehow.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

20) Linda Chavez argued that Latinos/as should not have to learn English. 20) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

21) All of the following are functionalist perspectives on racial-ethnic relations, except: 21) ______

A) amalgamation. B) ethnic pluralism.

C) internal colonialism. D) assimilation.


22) In regard to migration to the United States: 22) ______

A) Puerto Ricans are more likely than other Latino/a groups to be detained by immigration authorities because of questions about their citizenship.

B) All Latino/a categories have been treated the same way by immigration laws and authorities during the twentieth century.

C) Mexicans have been allowed to migrate to the United States whenever there has been a need for agricultural workers.

D) Mexicans have been allowed unrestricted migration between the United States and their native country because of oppression under Fidel Castro.
ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

23) Discuss functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives on racial and ethnic inequality and explain how each would propose that this problem be reduced or eliminated.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

24) Subordinate groups are always fewer in number than majority groups. 24) ______


ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

25) Discuss the consequences of racial and ethnic inequality to Native Americans in comparison/contrast to Asian Americans. Explain why racial and ethnic inequality is a social problem for everyone in the United States.


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

26) The first Asians to arrive in the United States in sizable numbers were from: 26) ______

A) Japan. B) China. C) Indonesia. D) Korea.
27) Teaching school children that their own school and country are the best is an example of: 27) ______

A) racism. B) stereotyping.

C) ethnocentrism. D) institutional discrimination.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

28) According to the text, government racial and ethnic classifications have been used exclusively for the purpose of gathering data for the U.S. census. 28) ______


29) Latinos/as are the objects of stereotyping on the basis of skin color, food preferences, and the perception that many are "illegal aliens." 29) ______
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

30) After slavery was abolished in the United States, racial division of labor and employment inequality were maintained through: 30) ______

A) dejure segregation.

B) secret organizations such as the KKK.

C) defacto segregation.

D) All of these are accurate.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

31) Stereotypes are generalizations about groups in society that are based in social facts and scientifically established. 31) ______


32) Voluntary migrants emerge from subordinate positions sooner than victims of internal migration. 32) ______
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

33) Conflict perspectives on racial and ethnic inequality are based on the assumption that: 33) ______

A) economic stratification and unequal access to power place minority group members at a distinct disadvantage as compared to dominant group members.

B) early childhood learning of respect for minority group members would solve most problems in contemporary racial and ethnic relations in this country.

C) racial and ethnic strife must be calmed quickly so that the society will not be further disrupted by urban unrest or riots.

D) social solidarity is a primary cause of racial inequality in the United States.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

34) Racial and ethnic discrimination signals that there is a discrepancy between the ideals and realities of U.S. society. 34) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

35) The process whereby the cultural attributes of diverse racial-ethnic groups are blended together to form a new society incorporating the unique contributions of each group is referred to as: 35) ______

A) discrimination. B) ethnic pluralism.

C) assimilation. D) None of these are accurate.


36) Actions or practices of dominant group members that have a harmful impact on members of subordinate groups are referred to as: 36) ______

A) hate crimes. B) prejudice.

C) discrimination. D) racial intolerance.
ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

37) Distinguish between individual and institutional discrimination. Provide two examples of each from your personal experience. Note ways in which the two are interdependent.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

38) Jewish immigrants were not the objects of prejudice and discrimination like the members of most other racial and ethnic groups. 38) ______


ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

39) Discuss the portrayal of Latinos and Latinas on TV and compare it with your real-world experience. Provide at least three similar examples of TV portrayals of African Americans, Asians, or Native Americans.


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

40) ________ is the term that describes the cultural benefits/unearned assets received by Caucasians in American due to their racial group membership. 40) ______

A) Caucasian identity B) White-skin privilege

C) White-skin subordinance D) Caucasian invisibility


41) In a sociological sense, all of the following statements regarding dominant and subordinate groups are correct, except: 41) ______

A) Subordinate groups experience disadvantage and exploitation.

B) The racial-ethnic dominant group in the United States is associated with white-skin privilege.

C) Dominant groups are determined strictly on the basis of superior numbers.

D) Dominant groups are advantaged.
42) Historically, Native Americans have experienced all of the following types of discrimination, except: 42) ______

A) internment. B) forced migration.

C) colonized migration. D) genocide.
43) The central event of the Japanese American experience was: 43) ______

A) the Los Angeles riot in the 1990s.

B) building the railroad.

C) internment in concentration camps during World War II.

D) colonization by white Americans.
44) All of the following are correct statements regarding contemporary Latinos/Latinas, except: 44) ______

A) Latinos/as are underrepresented in top management positions in the largest corporations.

B) Almost 22% of children of Latinos/Latinas live in poverty.

C) The unemployment rate for Latinos/Latinas is almost twice has high as that for white (non-Latinos/Latinas) Americans.



D) Latinos/Latinas no longer experience much segregation in housing or education.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

45) Contemporary class perspectives suggest that the split-labor market benefits workers because it encourages unionization and solidarity among workers from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds. 45) ______
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