4. Trench warfare made it difficult for either side to take enemy territory.
5. Canada had a large and well-trained regular army in 1914.
6. Canada was constantly trying to build more weapons than Britain. This helped lead to WW1.
7. Germany’s most important naval weapon of the war was the J-boat.
8. The United States was an ally of Germany, so WW1 was the last time Canada fought the U.S. in a war.
9. No-man's land was in Australia.
10. The Treaty of Rome officially ended the First World War.
11. Cars were very popular among the middle class before World War 1
12. Modern conveniences allowed women to have more free time
13. Sir Wilfred Laurier supported conscription because he knew French Canadians had strong ties to the war efforts.
14. Before WW1, everyone had their own car.
15. A conscientious objector is a person who believes in war but just not in WW1.
16. Conscription was an effective way to get most men to serve in the military during WW1
17. Henry Bourassa was a conservative leader during WW1.
18. The War Measures Act defined enemy aliens as people who were born in Germany, Austria-Hungary and France.
Part 2 Application
Short Answer 42 Marks 1. What were the 4 main causes of WW1? Describe each (8 Marks)
2. Who were the member countries of both the Triple Alliance and the Tripe Entente? (6 Marks)
3. Why did Canada enter WW1? Explain and include your opinion on whether Canada should have entered the war or not. (3 marks)
4. In what way did Trench Warfare slow the progress of the War? (1 Mark)
5. Analyze the role of both the war at sea and the war in the air. Which one do you think was more important for the hope of victory for the Canada and its allies? (3 Marks)
6. Examine the ways in which WW1 changed the role of women in society by stating the change that took place and how that change came about. (4 Marks)
7. The following statistics look at the percentage of women who worked in personal service in the early 1900’s. Look at the numbers and explain why there are changes in the percentages over the decades. Pay close attention to the dates and what was happening during that time. (3 marks)
1901 1911 1921 1931
42% 37.1% 25.8% 33.8% 8. What does BRAT stand for when referring to the Treaty of Versailles? (4 marks)
9. Describe the difference between a conscientious objector and a pacifist. Be specific and provide examples of each (4 marks)
Bonus: 10. Who was Private George Price and what happened to him? (1 mark)
Part 3 Inquiry
Long Answer 6 Marks 1. The Conscription Crisis caused a lot of tension between different people in Canada during WW1. List the 3 main politicians who were involved in the conscription debate and state what political party they belonged to, if they were for or against conscription and give reasons for their position. Also include what your position would have been on conscription if you had been there. Be very specific. (6 marks)
Academic Primary Source 6 Marks
Using a primary resource. You will find below 5 short passages from the book "Centre Walk" by Verne Edquist. The book is a collection of former student's experiences at school and in life. Your job will be to describe what each passage tells you about that time and place in history. You may also highlight the differences between now and then.
There can be more than one answer for each passage, but I only need you to give me ONE well written description of what that passage tells you. This is tricky stuff, and you need to think HARD! I'll do the first one for you to get you started…
"The Principal, Mr. Vallantyne, would read the news of the day in assembly which was held in the morning of each day". Any one of the answers below would be considered acceptable
-there was no way of delivering announcements over a PA system
-students were encouraged to know what was going on in the news
-the students gathered for an assembly every morning
1. "As was customary at school, we had assembly, after which the Catholic students made their exit while the Protestants remained to sing a hymn and hear the scripture as read by Mr. Vallantyne"
2.”I can recall 'money line', which was part of the school routine. We were supposed to have $5.00 in our account, from which we could have five cents every Saturday. We would then line up and go down the street to the store, where we could buy treats"
3. "Back then , the choice of jobs on leaving school were piano tuning, wicker work, and chair caning"
/82 Total Marks