How did Rome’s expansion affect the plebeians? More plebeians had to serve in the army.
To win the votes of the poor, Roman politicians began providing cheap food and entertainment. This policy of “bread and circuses” which helped many dishonest rulers come to power also ensured that the poor wouldn’t rebel.
The people who killed Julius Caesar wanted to give power back to the Senate, but their actions had an unexpected effect. What was the effect? The beginning of a civil war
What were the causes of the end of the Roman Republic? Spread of slavery in the agricultural system; civil wars; leadership issues
The Early Empire
A long era of peace began with Augustus and lasted until A.D. 180. This period of Roman peace was called Pax Romana.
Why was the road system important in ancient Rome? It connected many of the cities of the Roman Empire and allowed for better travel and trade.