If you were an ancient Greek traveling in Rome, what might you see that was familiar? Greek style statues, porches, and columns
Describe the differences between Roman art and Greek art: Greek statues were made to look perfect (shown as young, healthy, and beautiful bodies); Roman statues were more realistic with wrinkles, warts, and other less attractive features.
Romans were the first people to invent and use concrete. This substance made the buildings sturdier and many still stand today.
How was the Forum important to the ancient Romans? Served as a marketplace and a public square (political figures gave speeches here).
The Book of Epodes
In this poem excerpt, Horace praises the lifestyle of those who farm their family’s land.
“Happy is the man who, far from
According to Horace, what kinds of things does the farmer avoid? Dangerous and frustrating things; his examples are war, sailing, and dealing with officials Business and affairs
“For lunch I stopped at one of the Thermopolia for bread and cheese. Tonight, my family will eat fish I bought at the market to cook on the small grill in our apartment. As a special treat, we’ll have figs after dinner.” Who would have said this? A poor woman
A Roman judge said, “Whatever pleases the emperor is law.” What might a Roman teenager have said? “Whatever pleases my father is law.”
The Fall of Rome
The items of this list are examples of what type of problems that led to the end of the Roman Empire?
economic People paid high taxes.
Many people were poor.
Write a journal entry describing life in a Roman city during the 200s A.D. (React to at least one of the political, social, economic, and military problems that led to disorder and decline.)____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
How do the social, economic, and political problems of Ancient Rome compare to the current problems in the USA? _________________________________________________________________________
What was a cause of the fall of the Roman Empire in the 400s A.D.? Germanic invasions
Latin is the basis of many modern languages today.
Looking at Latin roots, it is often possible to figure out what English words mean.
The Transcontinental Railroad was completed in the United States in 1869. Trans is a Latin prefix meaning across_.
The Roman Republic has influenced the United States today. In what areas has it influenced the USA? Government, language, law, citizenship, architecture
Write a paragraph discussing whether or not you agree with the following statement: The United States owes more to Roman culture than to any other civilization that has ever existed. (Support your answer with reasons and evidence from the text, power point, or discussion.) ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The Byzantine Empire
Read the following information and write at least five things you might reflect on as you read this information.
In A.D. 532 Theodora helped save Justinian’s throne. Angry taxpayers threatened to overthrow Justinian and stormed the palace. Justinian’s advisers urged him to leave Constantinople. Theodora, however, told him to stay and fight. Justinian took Theodora’s advice. He stayed in the city and crushed the uprising.
Answers will vary.
Should include Theodora’s role, angry citizens, pressure on Justinian from advisers, Theodora’s influence on Justinian, Justinian’s new resolve to crush the uprising
What policies and reforms helped make the Byzantine Empire strong? Justinian’s law code; rights for women; re-conquered Italy and North Africa; added cavalry to army
Which civilization do you think was the most advanced --- that of the Greeks, the Romans, or the Byzantines? Why? ___________________________________________________________________
In the chapter, you learned that the culture of the Byzantine Empire was greatly influenced by the Romans and Greeks, as well as the Egyptian, Slavic, and Persian cultures. Think about the culture of the United States, in which many cultures have blended. Identify aspects of the U.S. culture that were originally part of other cultures. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Growing political and social problems helped set the stage for Rome’s final fall. Traditional Roman ideas of duty, courage, and honesty lost their importance. Why do you think duty, courage, and honesty are important in keeping a society and political system strong? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
The Roman Empire did have some laws to prevent the extreme abuse of slaves.
“At the present time neither Roman citizens nor any other persons who are under the rule of the Roman people are permitted to treat their slaves with excessive and baseless [reasonless] cruelty . . . A man who kills his own slave without cause is ordered to be held just as liable as one who kills another’s slave.”
--- Gaius, “Legislation Against the Abuse of Slaves”
How does this law pertain to people passing through the empire? Travelers are treated the same as Roman citizens.
How does this statement leave a loophole in the regulation of abuse against slaves? Individuals may kill slaves if they have cause.