Mr. Rossi’s History- first Semester Study Guide



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Mr. Rossi’s History- First Semester Study Guide
Using your notes, books, and any other information go through the study guide and fill in as much information as possible to use as a study guide for the final. This study guide will be turned in at the time of your final for a total of 50 points. Please use separate sheets of paper.

Treaty of Versailles and End of WWI



  1. What were the motives and aims of the Big Three at Versailles?

  2. Describe the peace treaties of 1919-23: the roles of individuals such as Wilson, Clemenceau and Lloyd George in the peacemaking process.

  3. Why did all the victors not get everything they wanted?

  4. What was the impact of the peace treaty on Germany up to 1923? Describe the impact of the treaties on the defeated countries.



Were the Peace Treaties of 1919-23 fair?

  1. Could the treaties be justified at the time?

  2. Describe contemporary opinions about the treaties.

  3. How successful was the League in the 1920s? Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the League of Nations, including its structure and organization, successes and failures in peacekeeping during the 1920s.

  4. How far did weaknesses in the League's organization make failure inevitable?

  5. How far did the Depression make the work of the League more difficult?

  6. Describe the impact of the World Depression on the work of the League after 1929



To what extent was the League of Nations a success?

  1. How successful was the League in the 1930s?

  2. Describe the failures of the League in the 1930s, including Manchuria and Abyssinia.

  3. What were the long-term consequences of the peace treaties of 1919-23?

  4. Describe the collapse of international order in the 1930s: the increasing militarism of Germany, Italy and Japan.

  5. What were the consequences of the failures of the League in the 1930s?

  6. How far was Hitler's foreign policy to blame for the outbreak of war in 1939? Describe Hitler's foreign policy to 1939: the Saar, remilitarization of the Rhineland, Anschluss with Austria, appeasement, crises over Czechoslovakia and Poland, the outbreak of war.

  7. Was the policy of appeasement justified?

  8. How important was the Nazi-Soviet Pact?



Why had international peace collapsed by 1939?

  1. Why did Britain and France declare war on Germany in September 1939?

  2. How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of the First World War?

  3. Describe the Revolution of 1918 and the establishment of the Republic.

  4. What was the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Republic? Describe the Versailles settlement and German reactions to it.

  5. To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923? Describe the Weimar constitution, main political divisions and the role of the army. Describe the political disorder, 1919-23; economic crises and hyper-inflation and the occupation of the Ruhr.



Depth Study A: Germany, 1918-45

Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?

  1. What were the achievements of the Weimar period?

  2. Describe the achievements of the Stresemann era and the cultural achievements of the Weimar period

  3. What did the Nazi Party stand for in the 1920s? Describe the early years of the Nazi Party: Nazi ideas and methods, the Munich Putsch, the roles of Hitler and other Nazi leaders.

  4. Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930?

  5. Why was Hitler able to become Chancellor by 1933? Describe the impact of the Depression on Germany: political, economic and social crisis of 1930-3, reasons for the Nazis' rise to power,



Why was Hitler able to dominate Germany by 1934?

  1. How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933-4? Describe how Hitler takes power, the Reichstag Fire and the election of 1933.

  2. How much opposition was there to the Nazi regime? Describe Nazi rule in Germany: the Enabling Act, the Night of the Long Knives, the death of Hindenburg, removal of opposition, methods of control and repression, use of culture and the mass media.

  3. Describe Germany’s economic policy including rearmament.

  4. How effectively did the Nazis deal with their political opponents?

  5. How did the Nazis use culture and the mass media to control the people?

  6. Why did the Nazis persecute many groups in German society?



The Nazi regime: how effectively did the Nazis control Germany, 1933-45?

  1. Was Nazi Germany a totalitarian state?

  2. How did young people react to the Nazi regime? Describe the different experiences of Nazi rule: women and young people, anti-Semitism, persecution of minorities.

  3. How successful were Nazi policies towards women and the family?

  4. Did most people in Germany benefit from Nazi rule?

  5. How did the coming of war change life in Nazi Germany? Describe the impact of the Second World War on Germany: conversion to war economy, the Final Solution and the opposition to Nazi rule.



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