Mr. Mendoza Name: apwh date: Prd: Ch. 19-20

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Mr. Mendoza Name: _____________________________

APWH Date: ______________ Prd: ___________
Ch. 19-20 (The Gunpowder Empires & Eurasia 1500-1800)
F. Facts (2 pts.)

  1. _______________________ Muslim empire/state exercising dominion over India from 16th -17th centuries

  1. _______________________ Federation of NE Asian peoples who founded the Qing Empire

  1. _______________________ The unsuccessful attempt by the British Empire to establish diplomatic relations with the Qing Empire

  2. _______________________ The Russian title for a monarch

  1. _______________________ Period during the Ottoman Empire when European styles/attitudes became briefly popular in Istanbul

  2. _______________________ The system by which boys from Christian communities were taken by the Ottoman empire to serve as janissaries

  1. _______________________ Infantry of the Ottoman army from 15th century until 1826

  1. _______________________ Iranian kingdom established by Ismail Safavi, who declared Iran a Shi’ite state

  1. _______________________ Peoples of the Russian Empire who lived outside of farming villages. Led the conquests of Siberia in the 16th-17th centuries

  1. _______________________ “Those who serve” – military elite of the Tokugawa Shogunate

  1. _______________________ Members of a mainly Hindu warrior caste from NW India

  1. _______________________ Last in a series of 12 descendents of Muhammads’s son-in-law Ali, whome Shi’ites consider divinely appointed leaders of the Muslim community

  1. _______________________ Japanese warlords & great landowners

  1. _______________________ Ritual suicide

  1. _______________________ Masterless samurai

  1. _______________________ Grants of land given in return of service by rulers of the Mughal Empire

  1. _______________________ Capital city of the Ottoman Empire

  1. _______________________ Capital city of the Safavid Empire

  1. _______________________ Indian religion founded by the guru Nanak; blends Hinduism & Islam

  1. _______________________ North/South mountain range that separates Siberia from the rest of Russia

Multiple Choice (2 pts.)

  1. _______ The janissaries were

    1. Elite gunpowder troops recruited from Christian communities

    2. Aristocratic cavalry units from the Egyptian provinces

    3. Mercenary crossbowmen from E. Asia

    4. Artillery specialists

  1. _______ The Ottoman Turk who conquered Constantinople (in 1451) was

    1. Shah Abbas

    2. Osman

    3. Mehmed II

    4. Suleiman the Magnificent

  1. _______ In Persia, the new Safavid Dynasty (1501-1736) established a state religion that was

    1. Sunni Islam

    2. Shi’ite (Shi’a) Islam

    3. Hinduism

    4. Sikhism

  1. _______ The computerized image of St. Basil’s cathedral (in Russia) above traces its architectural style to which of the following

    1. Mongol

    2. Byzantine

    3. Mughal

    4. Ottoman

  1. _______ Which of the following is a factor that made the Ottomans so militarily successful?

    1. They practiced guerilla warfare

    2. They used the stars to guide them

    3. They had well-made gunpowder weaponry

    4. They stopped using horses in invasions

  2. _______ Sikhism was a syncretic combination of

    1. Buddhism & Christianity

    2. Hinduism & Buddhism

    3. Christianity & Hinduism

    4. Hinduism & Islam

Use the image above for #27

  1. _______ In theory the ????? controlled Japan during the 12th through mid-19th centuries, but in reality it was the ?????.

    1. Daimyos, shoguns

    2. Emperor, shoguns

    3. Emperor, merchants

    4. Shoguns, emperor

  1. _______ Which group is most responsible for bringing social change to China during the Qing era and to Japan during the Tokugawa Shogunate?

    1. Peasants

    2. Soldiers

    3. Merchants

    4. Farmers

  1. _______ The longest-lasting post-Mongol Muslim Empire was the

    1. Safavid Empire

    2. Mughal Empire

    3. Sassanid Empire

    4. Ottoman Empire

  1. _______ All of the following are examples of the diverse religions practiced in Mughal India EXCEPT

    1. Eastern Orthodox Christianity

    2. Hinduism

    3. Sunni Muslims

    4. A state religion called Divine Faith that taught people to pursue virtue

  1. _______ The reforms of Akbar included all the following EXCEPT

    1. Religious toleration for Hindus & Sikhs

    2. A syncretic religion, called “divine faith”

    3. A centralized administrative structure w/ministers appointed to regional provinces

    4. Education and basic rights for Indian women

  1. _______ The Mughal Empire was distinguished from the Ottomans and Safavids mostly because it was

    1. A Hindu land ruled by Muslims

    2. Not very warlike

    3. Heavily influenced by the Chinese

    4. Still controlled by the Mongols

  1. _______ All of the following are examples of the diverse religions practiced in Mughal India EXCEPT

    1. Eastern Orthodox Christianity

    2. Hinduism

    3. Sunni Muslims

    4. A state religion called Divine Faith that taught people to pursue virtue

  1. _______ Which of the following rulers displayed the greatest amount of religious toleration?

    1. Aurengzeb

    2. Akbar

    3. Peter the Great

    4. Suleyman the Magnificent

  1. _______ Which of the following represents a similarity between the 3 Muslim modern empires (1450-1750)

    1. All of the empires created slave regiments who dominated the rulers

    2. Each empire was composed of a majority of Muslims

    3. Each empire grew slowly over several generations, but declined quickly, usually within a single ruler’s reign

    4. All dynasties depended on effective use of firearms on the battlefield and in siege warfare.

  1. ________ What historical landmark is featured in the picture above?

    1. The Taj Mahal near Accra, India

    2. Abbasid Palace in Baghdad

    3. Hagia Sophia in Istanbul

    4. The Kaa’ba in Mecca

  1. ________ Which of the following represents a difference between the various Muslim early modern empires (1450-1750)?

    1. Only the Mughal empire contained a substantial number of non-Muslims

    2. The Ottoman empire was primarily Sunni while the Safavid empire was Shi’ite

    3. Not all were dominated by military classes with regional authority

    4. Only the Ottoman empire was interested in the development of a commercial relationship with the West

  1. _______ In 1592, after years of civil war, Toyotomi Hideyoshi

    1. Launched an invasion of Korea & China

    2. Was killed by his palace guard

    3. Successfully pacified the country by outlawing all weapons

    4. Converted to Buddhism


  1. _______ The term “Dutch studies” referred to

    1. A period in Japanese history that corresponded to the “tulip period” of the Safavid Empire

    2. A partnership between Japanese merchants and the VOC for trading of porcelain

    3. Japanese who learned about European weapons, shipbuilding, and sciences

    4. The requirement by the Emperor that Christian missionaries must learn Japanese as the Dutch had done

  1. _______ The Japanese response to the Society of Jesus or the Jesuits (namely Francis Xavier) & Christianity

    1. To officially welcome it with open arms

    2. To murder every Jesuit that entered the country

    3. To adopt Catholic beliefs

    4. Mixed; while some were opposed to it, others were attracted to it


  1. _______ The image above is a demonstration of a scene depicted from

    1. The “Tulip Era” of the Ottoman Empire

    2. The “Floating World” of Japan

    3. The “Divine Faith” of the Mughal Empire

    4. The Romanov family of Russia

  1. _______ In the 1630’s the Japanese government

    1. Adopted an “open door” policy in regards to foreign trade

    2. Largely closed Japan to European trade & Christian influence

    3. Encouraged the people to choose an economic system

    4. Encouraged the people to choose a religious system

  1. _______ After the period of civil wars ended in Japan

    1. Japanese leaders fragmented into many feuding castes

    2. Korea invaded Japan

    3. Japanese leaders resigned, thus allowing a true democracy to form

    4. Japanese leaders established the Tokugawa Shogunate, a centralized military government

  1. _______ Which of the following was not a reason/cause for the fall of the Ming Empire

    1. Famines/agricultural distress

    2. Financial debts due to wars

    3. Internal corruption

    4. Increased flow of gold = inflation

  1. _______ Although European enthusiasm for Chinese trade was high

    1. The bigotry of the West limited the market for Asian goods

    2. China produced virtually no products

    3. Western countries feared the opium trade

    4. The Chinese were slow to embrace European trade

  1. _______ During the Qing, Europeans were permitted to trade only at

    1. Beijing

    2. Shanghai

    3. Canton

    4. Kashgar

  1. _______ What problem did the British face with China’s “Canton system”?

    1. Britain couldn’t meet China’s demand for goods

    2. China bought few British goods

    3. China wanted British rule in Canton to facilitate trade

    4. The British wanted to go to Canton only for trade

  2. _______ The British Macartney mission was an attempt to

    1. Persuade China to revise its trade system

    2. Find a lost British missionary, Eli Macartney

    3. Assassinate the emperor’s main rival

    4. Convert the Chinese to Christianity

  1. _______ After 1547, the Russians used which term as the title for their leader?

    1. Grand Prince

    2. Emperor

    3. Pasha

    4. Tsar

  1. _______ The motivation for Russian expansion to the east was

    1. The promise of captives for religious sacrifice

    2. To free people under Japanese rule

    3. To capture the warm-water port of Vladivostock

    4. The acquisition of Siberian oil fields

  1. _______ According to the Russian census of 1795, over ½ the population were

    1. Nobility

    2. Serfs

    3. Freemen

    4. College educated

  1. _______ The greatest Romanov tsar was

    1. Peter the Great

    2. Ivan the Terrible

    3. Nicholas III

    4. Michael Romanov

  1. _______ One result of the “Great Northern War” was

    1. The death of Peter the Great

    2. The liberation of Constantinople

    3. Russian access to the Baltic Sea

    4. Russia’s retreat into isolationism

  1. _______ Peter’s main goal in building up Russia was

    1. Modernization in a western fashion

    2. Conquest of Russia’s long term enemy, Sweden

    3. To establish trade with China where Europe had failed

    4. To extend Russian Orthodoxy and drive out Buddhism and Islam

  1. _______ Why did Peter the Great attempt to Westernize Russia

    1. To join the Russian Orthodox Church

    2. To end serfdom

    3. To ultimately follow the British movement into political liberalization

    4. To strengthen the Russian state and its autocracy

  1. _______ Using the image to your left, the new city that was to be Russia’s “window on the West” was

    1. Stalingrad

    2. Moscow

    3. Kiev

    4. St. Petersburg

(57-60) Using the space below to record your answer, select any 4 of the following people and provide a description of who this person is and their significance in this era in world history. The key is to be as detailed as possible.

Tokugawa Ieyasu Akbar

Kangxi Peter the Great

Shah Abbas Qianlong

Suleyman the Magnificent Shah Ismail




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