Mr. Mendoza apwh ch. 24-27 The Age of Imperialism F. Facts (2 pts.)

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Ch. 24-27 The Age of Imperialism
F. Facts (2 pts.)

  1. __________________________________ Conference that set the rules for the partition of Africa

  1. __________________________________ Canal built in Egypy; shortened sea voyage from Europe to Asia; led to British conquest of Eqypt in 1882

  1. __________________________________ Wave of conquests in Africa by European powers in 1880’s & 1890’s

  2. __________________________________ Conflict between the Russian & Ottoman Empires fought in the Crimean Peninsula

  3. __________________________________ The right of foreign residents in a country to live under the laws of their native country and disregard the laws of the host country

  4. __________________________________ War between Britain & the Qing Empire based on the Qing government’s refusal to permit the importation of opium into its territories

  5. __________________________________ Christian inspired rural rebellion that threatened to topple the Qing Empire

  6. __________________________________ Ended the Opium War, awards British with indemnity (payment for war) from the Qing Empire, and the island of Hong Kong

  1. __________________________________ Reforms by the Ottoman Empire to make the military and govt. more efficient

  2. __________________________________ British rule of S. Asia (India) between 1765 & 1947

  1. __________________________________ Process of reforming political, military, economic, social and cultural traditions in imitation of the early success of Western socieities

  1. __________________________________ Movement & political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government

  2. __________________________________ Soldier in S. Asia, in service of the British

  1. __________________________________ People of modern S. Africa whom King Shaka Zulu united in 1818

  1. __________________________________ Voluntary agreement binding a person to work for a specified period of years in return for free passage to an overseas destination

  1. __________________________________ Revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 against certain practices that violated religious customs,

  1. __________________________________ Organization of workers in a particular industry or trade, created to defend the interests of members through strikes or negotiations with employers

  1. __________________________________ Centralization & industrialization of Japan after the fall of the Tokugawa Shogunate

  1. __________________________________ Political ideology that advocated govt. protection of workers from exploitation by property owners and government ownership of industries

  1. _________________________________ Networks of iron rails on which steam locomotives pulled long trains at high speeds.

Multiple Choice (2 pts.)

  1. ___________ Muhammad Ali accomplished many aspects of modernization. Which was NOT one of his projects

    1. Establishing schools for military training

    2. Building factories and railroads

    3. Emphasis of European skills and sciences

    4. Starting a gazette reporting on official affairs

  1. ___________ Which of the following was NOT among the earliest reforms of the Ottoman Empire?

    1. Implementation of laws to protect women and children from abuse and abandonment

    2. Standardization of taxation

    3. Controlling the provincial governors

    4. Creation of European-style military units

  1. ___________ Examples of westernization are seen in all of the following examples except

    1. Styles of military uniform

    2. Formation of a civil service brigade

    3. Allowing women in universities

    4. Expansion of civil courts with equal access for all men

  1. __________ The significance of the Crimean War was that it

    1. Marked the transition to modern warfare with the use of breech-loading rifles

    2. Was the 1st war that utilized battalions of African soldiers in Europe

    3. Was the most destructive war in human history

    4. Marked the end of the “age of innocence”

  1. ___________ Pan-Slavism was the doctrine

    1. Of diminishing economic returns

    2. That Slavic people were inherently superior

    3. That advocated the unity of all Slavic peoples through military means

    4. That advocated the unity of all Slavic peoples through peaceful means

  1. ___________ The process of modernization in Russia in the 19th century was accomplished more smoothly than in the Ottoman Empire because

    1. It had longer been an issue, starting with Peter the Great

    2. The Russian court emulated European fashion & languages

    3. Alexander’s reforms included bringing in Western advisers

    4. All of the above

  1. ___________ Intellectuals pressing for reform in Russia wanted all of the following EXCEPT

    1. A constitution

    2. Freedom of the press

    3. Reorganization of the imperial bureaucracy

    4. College education for women

  1. ___________ When Britain was unable to obtain enough tea to meet its demand and China did not import enough British goods, the British responded by

    1. Starting the illicit trade of opium

    2. Supporting the Bannerman to overthrow the Qing

    3. Instigating the White Lotus Rebellion

    4. Trying to destroy China’s production of silk

  2. ___________ Which of the following was NOT a result of the Treaty of Nanking

    1. Hong Kong became a British colony

    2. China was able to retain its protective tariffs to protect growing industries

    3. The British opened 5 Chinese “treaty ports”

    4. British residents were granted extraterritoriality

  1. ___________ The stresses that led to the Taiping Rebellion were initially a result of

    1. Severe loss of rural population

    2. The presence of many Europeans in the region

    3. Social unhappiness and foreign intrusion

    4. Large numbers of Qing troops in the area

  2. ___________ The Zulu succeeded in creating a new

    1. National identity

    2. System of writing

    3. National education system

    4. State that lasted until the 20th century

  1. __________ Sepoys were Indian troops who

    1. Were hired and trained to protect European companies’ warehouses

    2. Fought for Hindu India against the Muslims

    3. Fought against the British in India

    4. Fought to end French occupation of Bengal


  1. ___________ What was the British raj?

    1. British school

    2. British clothes

    3. A British game

    4. British rule of India

  1. ___________ Why was the Sepoy Rebellion a turning point in the history of India?

    1. The British were finally rebuffed and withdrew from India

    2. The sepoys successfully pushed the British out of Bengal

    3. India came to be ruled directly by the British government

    4. It inspired the development of new weapons that did not require gunpowder

  2. ___________ The 1st reformer to advocate Pan-Indian nationalism was

    1. Mohandes K. Gandhi

    2. Muhammad Ali Jinnah

    3. Indira Gandhi

    4. Rammohun Roy

  1. ___________ The Indian National Congress initially sought more rights for Indians

    1. By promoting ethnic and religious unity

    2. Through armed revolt

    3. Through hunger strikes

    4. Through sabotage and subversion

  1. ___________ A significant method of instilling nationalism was

    1. Establishing schools and universities

    2. Running railroads, which mixed all members of caste systems together

    3. Trying to streamline the Hindu & Parsi religions

    4. Declaring an official language dialect of India, Hindi


  1. __________ The migration of Afrikaners from British-ruled Cape Colony for fertile land in the north is called the

    1. Great Escape

    2. Great Trek

    3. Long March

    4. Great March

  2. ___________ The underlying goal of British imperialism in the mid-19th century was to

    1. Control foreign territory

    2. Promote British trade overseas

    3. Beat other nations to new territories

    4. Protect British citizens overseas


  1. ___________ The image above can be best described as

    1. “The World in Half”

    2. “The Sun never sets on the British Empire”

    3. “It’s a Small World”

    4. “The Trade Network of the World”

  1. __________ The Victorian Age refers to rules of behavior and family wherein

    1. Marriage was an economic contract between male an female

    2. Men and women began to share equally the duties of child-rearing

    3. The home was idealized as a peaceful and loving refuge

    4. Male and female children were educated away from the family in boarding schools

  1. ___________ Acc. to the picture on the right, Women suffragists lobbied for which reform of women’s lives

    1. Equal wages

    2. The right to vote

    3. Elimination of prostitution

    4. Access to universities

  1. ___________ The 19th century movement that defended workers against their employers was

    1. Social Darwinism

    2. Liberalism

    3. The labor union movement

    4. Millenarianism

  1. __________ According to Karl Marx, the end of worker exploitation would occur when

    1. “Scientific socialism” was proven by the intellectuals

    2. War broke down barriers of nationalism and included colonist countries

    3. Free democracy replaced all entrenched monarchies in Europe

    4. Workers tired of being “have-nots” and rose up in violent opposition to their oppressors

  1. __________ The early 20th century Chinese plan for reform was the

    1. Mandate of Heaven

    2. “Self-Strengthening Movement”

    3. Cixi reforms

    4. Great Leap Forward

  1. __________ Who demanded that Japan open its ports for refueling and trade?

    1. Robert Clive

    2. Matthew Perry

    3. Cecil Rhodes

    4. Tsar Nicholas

  1. __________ The Treaty of Kanagawa of 1854

    1. Was modeled on the unequal treaties that the West had with China

    2. Opened Japan & Korea to the USA

    3. Settled the Opium War

    4. Put an end to the Taiping Rebellion


  1. ____________ The Meiji Restoration transformed the government and incorporated

    1. European practices in govt., education, industry and popular culture

    2. Chinese practices in govt., education, industry and popular culture

    3. Korean practices in govt., education, industry and popular culture

    4. Russian practices in govt., education, industry, and popular culture


  1. ____________ The Meiji Restoration sought to strengthen Japan by

    1. Attacking the US naval bases in Korea

    2. Embracing foreign ideas, institutions, and techniques

    3. Defeating Russia in the Russo-Japanese War

    4. Increasing family values

  1. ___________ The Boxer Rebellion was a series of riots

    1. Encouraged by Chinese officials against foreign presence

    2. That rid China of the Japanese presence

    3. That clearly demonstrated Japanese nationalism

    4. That placed Japan under direct military control

  1. ___________ The concept of Social Darwinism argued that

    1. Social and radical differences resulted from natural processes

    2. Racism was justified

    3. Capitalism was the sound economic model

    4. Imperialism was justified by Divine Right

  1. ___________ Although imperialism was not new to Europeans this period was uniquely characterized by

    1. Retarded growth and slow development

    2. Use of Chinese technology to inspire European innovation

    3. Rapid and unprecedented annexations of territory by Western powers

    4. Wars of aggression and political assassination

  1. __________ Among the cultural motives for the New Imperialism was a desire to

    1. Spread Christianity

    2. Abolish slavery

    3. Civilize people by bring Western education, medicine, and customs

    4. All of these

  1. __________ The economic motive for imperialism was that

    1. European merchants needed to secure new markets for their goods

    2. European businesses wanted to look for new opportunities in Asia & Africa

    3. Industrialization created a high demand for raw materials

    4. All of these

  1. ___________ The system of administering and exploiting the colonies for the benefit of the home country is

    1. Splendid isolation

    2. Reluctant imperialism

    3. Colonialism

    4. Mercantilism

  1. ____________ Until the 1870’s, Africans ruled 90% of Africa; however within a decade

    1. They had reclaimed the 10% lost in prior years

    2. They had claimed a large portion in S. Asia

    3. They had ended the oppression of the slave trade

    4. Europeans invaded and divided Africa in the “Scramble for Africa”

  1. ____________ The British wanted to expand to So. Africa because of

    1. The Zulu armies

    2. Attacks by the Afrikaners

    3. Discoveries of gold and diamonds

    4. The need for the rich northern farmlands

  1. ___________ The most successful African resistance against Europeans took place in

    1. Ethiopia

    2. The Sudan

    3. So. Africa

    4. Mali

  1. ___________ As a result of the Spanish-American War, the United States

    1. Purchased the Philippines

    2. Took Puerto Rico

    3. Interfered heavily in Cuba

    4. All of the above

  1. ____________ In order to build the Panama Canal, the United States

    1. Obtained concession from Colombia

    2. Negotiated a lease with the Panamanian govt.

    3. Supported a Panamanian rebellion against Colombia

    4. Formed an alliance with France

61.-65 (Short Answer) Using the remaining space and the back of this sheet please provide the definition (identification) and significance of the following individuals. Only select 5 of the following.
Shaka Zulu

Matthew Perry

Rammohun Roy

Hong Xiuquan

Muhammad Ali

Karl Marx

Empress Dowager Cixi

Cecil Rhodes

King Leopold II

Emilio Aguinaldo


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