__________ Many historians believe that the main cause of the Civil War was slavery. According to this timeline, which British colony legalized slavery in 1641?
__________Slavery was an unsettled issue right from our nation’s start. What was the name of the compromise that convinced slave-holding Southern states to join the Union?
__________In 1820, another compromise was made to keep a balance of power between the slave and free states. What two new states were admitted by the Missouri Compromise?
__________Still another compromise over slavery was needed in 1850 to hold the Union together. In return for admitting California as a free state, what new law did Southern states receive?
5. Bidding for Slaves
__________This drawing depicts the method used to sell many slaves. What is it called?
__________In this famous decision, the Supreme Court ruled that slaves were property and had no legal rights in court. Name this slave who tried unsuccessfully to win his freedom in court.
__________The debate over slavery became violent even before the Civil War began - and in some surprising places! Where was U.S. Senator Charles Sumner almost beaten to death?
__________One of the immediate causes of the Civil War was John Brown’s raid. What was the name of the town in Virginia where Brown and his men hoped to start a slave uprising?
9. Red State or Blue State?
__________(See chart and map at bottom) The election in 1860 was another immediate cause of the war. What party and candidate did Massachusetts support in that election?
__________Here are some quick facts about President Lincoln. Kids today communicate by cell phone and e-mail. How would Lincoln have communicated with friends in his day?
__________Locate December 20, 1860 on this timeline. Which was the first state to secede from the United States of America on that date?
__________What was the name of the city in the South which became the capital of the Confederacy, and where Jefferson Davis served as its President?
13. The States Take Sides
__________Here’s a map of how the Civil War divided the nation. Besides California, which other western state remained loyal to the Union?
__________The Confederate attack on Fort Sumter signaled the start of the Civil War. In the harbor of which Southern city was Fort Sumter located?
__________Part of the Union’s war strategy was to prevent the South from selling its cotton and receiving supplies by sea. What tactic did the Union use to accomplish this goal?
__________A 3-day battle in July of 1863 marked the turning point of the war. Near what small Pennsylvania town did Union forces turn back Lee’s 2nd invasion of the North?
17. Four Score and Seven Years Ago
__________Read this short speech that President Lincoln made at the dedication of the cemetery at Gettysburg. What famous final words did he use to describe our government?
__________Browse through these Civil War photos (click to enlarge). Choose one you think is especially good and create a title for it. (Click “Part II” at bottom to see more photos.)
__________Amputation of arm or leg was the most common surgery performed during the Civil War. Read this vivid description. How long did the average battlefield amputation take?
__________(Scroll to “Suspension of Habeas Corpus“) During the Civil War, Lincoln suspended Habeas Corpus - the right of an arrested person to be brought before a _?_.
21. Mass 54th Honored
__________The Massachusetts 54th, the Civil War’s first African American regiment, is honored by the monument shown here (click to enlarge). Where in Boston is it located?
__________During the Civil War, Confederate prisoners of war were held at a fort which was located in Boston. It can still be visited today. What is its name?
__________Here are some of the women of the Civil War. Click on the photo of Clara Barton. What famous organization did this “angel of the battlefield” establish?
__________Scan this list of Civil War songs. Name one of the song titles which you recognize.
25. Counting Up the Losses
__________With the end of the war, both sides mourned their losses. Here’s a list of the casualties at many of the major battles. What was the total number of casualties at Gettysburg?
__________Lincoln’s last day and final hours are detailed here. Scroll down to 10 pm. What injury did Booth suffer when he leaped to the stage after shooting the president?
__________One of the results of the Union victory in the Civil War was to end slavery in the United States. Which amendment to the Constitution outlawed slavery?