Morality Vocab I

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Morality Vocab I


2. The Church’s living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope.

4. The gift from God that allows human beings to choose from among various actions, for which we are held accountable. It is the basis for moral responsibility.

8. A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being in which mutual commitments are made.

10. Our vocation as Christians, the goal of our existence. It is true blessedness or happiness which we experience partially here on earth and perfectly in Heaven.

11. The Gift of the Holy Spirit to the whole Church by which the leaders of the Church—the Pope and the bishops in union with him—are protected from fundamental error when formulating a specific teaching on a matter of faith and morals.

13. This is established by God and is a rational expression of eternal law. It reflects God’s wisdom; it is the teaching that leads us to the blessed life he wants for us.

14. The name given to the official body of laws which provide good order in the visible body of the Church.


1. The process by which God frees us from sin and sanctifies us.

3. God’s reward to those who love him and follow Christ’s Law of Love. To have this is to be justified in the sight of God, free from sin and sanctified by his grace. We do not earn it on our own; it is a free gift from God due to the grace of Christ in us.

5. A popular summary, usually in book form, of Catholic doctrine about faith and morals and commonly intended for use within formal programs of catechesis.

6. The moral law that can be understood through the use of reason. It is our God-given ability to understand what it means to be in right relationship with God, other people, the world, and ourselves. The basis for it is our participation in God’s wisdom and goodness because we are created in the divine likeness.

7. The “interior voice” of a person, a God-given sense of the law of God. Moral conscience leads people to understand themselves as responsible for their actions, and prompts them to do good and avoid evil. To make good judgments, one needs to have a well-formed one of these.

9. The order in creation that reflects God’s will and purpose; it is eternal because it is always true and never changes. All other types of law have their basis in Eternal Law and are only true if they reflect the truth of Eternal Law.

12. The divine gift that gives us the ability to see and understand the order of things that God places within creation and to know and understand God through the created order.

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Morality Vocab II


5. Also known as wrath, desire for revenge that prevents reconciliation, one of the capital sins.

6. Seven sins that are particularly harmful because they lead to and reinforce other sins and vices. The seven are traditionally called pride, covetousness (greed), envy, anger (wrath), gluttony, lust, and sloth.

8. The intended outcome or goal of the person choosing the object when making a moral decision.

9. Excessive eating or drinking; a capital sin.

10. Resentment or sadness because of another person’s good fortune. It is one of the capital sins and contrary to the Tenth Commandment.

12. Our spiritual principle, it is immortal, and it is what makes us most like God. Our soul is created by God, and he unites it with our physical body at the moment of conception. The soul is the seat of human consciousness and freedom.

13. Social conditions that allow for all citizens of the earth, individuals and families, to meet basic needs and achieve fulfillment.


1. Divine Law revealed in the Old Testament, summarized in the Ten Commandments. Also called the Law of Moses. It contrasts with the New Law of the Gospels.

2. Sometimes called the commandments of the Church, these are basic obligations for all Catholics that are dictated by the laws of the Church.

3. The specific conditions or facts affecting a moral decision. Circumstances can increase or decrease the goodness or evil of an action.

4. To make holy; to become closer to God and grow in holiness, taking on the righteousness of Jesus Christ with the gift of sanctifying grace.

7. Divine Law revealed in the New Testament through the life and teaching of Jesus Christ and through the witness and teaching of the Apostles. It perfects the Old Law and brings it to fulfillment. Also called the Law of Love.

11. Also known as covetousness, the desire to accumulate earthly goods beyond what we need. It is one of the capital sins and contrary to the Tenth Commandment.

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Morality Vocab III


4. Habitual laziness; failing to put forth effort and take action; one of the capital sins.

7. Believing one is better than others, often resulting in despising or disrespecting other people; one of the capital sins.

8. A habitual and firm disposition to do good.

9. A sin that is the result of a failure to do something required by God’s moral Law.

10. The defense of human dignity by ensuring that essential human needs are met and that essential human rights are protected; to fight against social sin.

11. A sin that is the direct result of a freely chosen thought, word, or deed.

12. Any deliberate offense, in thought, word, or deed, against the will of God. Sin wounds human nature and injures human solidarity. The Bible reveals sin as rebellion against God (Old Testament); missing the goal of living in harmony with God’s Eternal Law (Old Testament); a trespass or transgression against God’s Law (New Testament).


1. Intense and uncontrolled desire for sexual pleasure. It is one of the seven capital sins.

2. Rituals for the elect that are meant to “uncover, then heal, all that is weak, defective, or sinful in the hearts of the elect”; celebrated on the third, fourth, and fifth Sundays of Lent.

3. An action so contrary to the will of God that it results in a complete separation from God and his grace. As a consequence of that separation, the person is condemned to eternal death. For a sin to be a this, three conditions must be met the act must involve grave matter, the person must have full knowledge of the evil of the act, and the person must give his or her full consent in committing the act.

5. In moral decision making, the object is the specific thing—an act, word, or thought—that is being chosen.

6. A practice or habit that leads a person to sin.

8. A less serious offense against the will of God that diminishes one’s personal character and weakens but does not rupture one’s relationship with God.

9. The collective effect of many personal sins over time, which corrupts society and its institutions by creating “structures of sin.”

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