Minority Report us 12415 Minority Report us 12424



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Minority Report US 12415


Minority Report US 12424


Minority Report US 12431


1.1 At least one idea is identified with reference to at least one relevant section of the text

1.1 At least one main idea in the text is explained with reference to at least one relevant section of the text.

1.1. Ideas or meanings in the text are analysed with reference to relevant sections of the text.

Q What is it like to live in this society? What shows this in this scene?
A. It is difficult to live in this society. The police hunt people down and arrest them for crimes they have not committed yet. People feel threatened and have little freedom.

This is shown with the big helicopter arriving and all the police getting out and entering the building. They run in and invade people’s lives with the spiders. These are used to scan people’s eyes and check their identity


Q. Explain what this extract shows about the relationship between the state and the people. Refer to at least one section of the extract to support what you say.
A. This extract shows the state controlling people using extreme methods. People have few freedoms. The police are brought into the housing complex to find John Anderton. They are using thermal scanning to find people and metal spiders to scan eyes and identify them. The spiders enter the rooms quickly and there is no respect for the individual. People are shown in private situations, such as having sex, arguing or on the toilet but the spiders ignore this. By scanning people’s eyes, they can identify and control them.

Q. How does the relationship between the state and the people develop in this extract? Refer to at least one section of the extract to support what you say.
A. In this extract the state is controlling the people by invading the privacy of individuals in the housing complex. The precrime police enter the complex and with one announcement, send their spiders in to check on everybody’s identity. This shows the extent of power that the police have over people. Being able to scan people’s eyes is an invasion of their privacy and should not happen unless permission is obtained first. Here the young children, arguing couple, young couple in bed and the old man on the toilet have no say in the actions of the spiders. The director’s intention is to show how the state intimidates people.

1.2 The significance of a main idea is explained with

reference to at least one relevant section of the

text. Range: significance relates to social,

historical, cultural, physical, political, or

personal contexts.

    1. The significance of a main idea in the text is analysed with reference to at least one relevant section of the text. Range: significance relates to social, historical, cultural, physical, political, or personal contexts.

    1. The significance of a main idea in the text is critically evaluated with reference to relevant sections of the text. Range: significance relates to social, historical, cultural, physical, political, or personal contexts.

Q. Explain what impact living in this society has on John Anderton. Refer to at least one relevant section of the extract to support your views.
A. John Anderton lives in a society which is highly controlled. He can easily be tracked and captured. John’s freedom is threatened and he is in danger of being caught by the police and sent to the prison even before he has committed a crime. He has to get his eyes changed so that the police cannot identify him with their spiders so living in this society has a huge impact on John. This can be seen in the extract where he has to hide in the bath to escape the spiders. They do find him, however, and he does not escape their eye scanning.

Q. Analyse the personal significance of living in this society for John Anderton. Refer to at least one section of the extract to support your points.
A. The state can control John Anderton and can arrest him for a crime he has not committed. His individual freedom is threatened by the state. As he is hunted down by the spiders, he is being treated like an animal. He is nearly captured in this extract and taken to prison. For example, when he is in the bath, his eyes are scanned and it is fortunate that he is not identified. He has to go to extreme lengths to escape the spiders and this involves having his eyes removed so he cannot be easily identified. The state is forcing him to change who he is.


Q. How successful is the film in demonstrating a social class system and why is this significant in the film? Base your answer mainly on the extract but you may refer to other points in the film.
A. This extract successfully shows an underclass of people living in poor surroundings and having little happiness in their lives. The married couple is arguing, the family is terrified and their room is small and cramped. This underclass is also seen earlier in the film when John goes running by the man under the bridge. Here a blind man is shown living in desperate conditions with no eyes, and therefore no identity. In contrast, the people in the shopping mall look affluent and are able to afford many material things in their lives. In the extract, the housing complex is an effective setting for showing the underclass because it is shabby and dirty. The high angle shot of the corridor shows the decay and dilapidation of the environment these people live in. Such details show the extent of the gap between the rich and the poor. Social class is significant in the film because it shows that poverty is linked to crime but also shows that the rich and affluent can be morally corrupt as well

1.3 Three examples of language features are identified using appropriate terminology, and each example is described in terms of its effect. Range: at least one verbal and one visual feature. Visual language features could include – lighting, costume, camera shots, and camera movement. Verbal features could include – spoken or written words, sound, music, silence.

Identify techniques and example

Describe effect

Low angle shot

Shot of police helicopter at the opening of the scene

This shows the helicopter landing. The helicopter looks big and powerful as it comes down.

High angle shot

Shot of mother and children running into room.

This shows people as small and frightened as the spiders check their eyes.

Costume

The uniform the police wear

It is dark and the helmet looks scary. They have fingerless gloves and guns. They look intimidating/ frightening.

Sound effect

The noise of the air bubble bursting in the bath

The “pop” sound makes the spiders notice John in the bath and come back into the room. It causes tension as the police could find him now.

Sound effect of metal spiders

The metallic noise we hear as the spiders go upstairs.

It makes the scene frightening. The metal spiders sound scary as they run up the stairs.

Dialogue

It’s an awful big cat.”



The police woman knows there is another body in the building and doesn’t think it’s a cat. It is not something they can ignore. Her doubt builds tension as the police will explore further.




    1. Three examples of language features are

identified using appropriate terminology, and each example is described in terms of its effect. Range: at least one verbal and one visual feature. Visual language features could include – lighting, costume, camera shots, and camera movement. Verbal features could include – spoken or written words, sound, music, silence.

Identify techniques and example

Describe effect

Reverse Tracking

The camera movement as the two policemen walk down the corridor

We can see the men directly. Being face on we see their expressions and their determination to find John. We also see the background which looks run down and neglected, suggesting the area is poor.

Close up

The shot as the policemen pull the spiders out of their belts

This shot emphasizes how significant the spiders are. They are the tools the police use to do their job. They are examples of highly developed technology and are important to catch criminals. They are a tool to frighten and intimidate people.

High angle (would accept tracking)

The shot of the spiders running along a blue and white corridor.

Despite being small the spiders are dangerous because they are leaving no area uncovered and their searchlights emphasize this. Spiders are usually things we are scared of. The high angle shot shows how they are closing in on him. High angles normally show things as being powerless but here we see the reverse as it shows their determination to search everywhere.


Use of non- diegetic music

The music we hear as the spiders start running up the stairs and around the building

The orchestral music reflects the action and the running of the spiders. It is fast and builds suspense. It starts with string music which reflects the urgency of the spiders as they run up the stairs. It becomes deeper and slower in contrast as the police make their announcement to the residents. Then the strings start again to emphasize the urgency of the spiders coming after John.

Non-diegetic music or drum beats

The noise we hear as John sinks into the bath.

The orchestral music is building up in sound becoming louder and more intense as the spiders close in on John, heightening the drama of the situation. As John sinks into the bath, the music reverses and goes down reflecting his movement down into the water. The music changes to drum beats. It sounds like a fast heart beat and again builds tension.

Dialogue

If you don’t want your kids to know terror, keep them away from me



The policeman says this to the woman in the hall. It builds his character and shows him as someone who is intimidating/ frightening. He does not care about frightening children and show his lack of concern and his lack of humanity.




1.3Three examples of language features are identified using appropriate terminology, and each example is critically evaluated in terms of its effect. Range: at least one verbal and one visual feature. Visual language features could include – lighting, costume, camera shots, and camera movement. Verbal features could include – spoken or written words, sound, music, silence.

Identify techniques and example

Critically evaluate effect

High angle/ tracking shot

The shot of the spiders running down the corridor, blue and white

This effectively shows a cold and run down area of the complex. The spiders are running all through the building and no one is safe. Ironically, the high angle makes the spiders look small yet still dangerous, whereas it would normally make items look less powerful. The director emphasizes their danger through showing them running around leaving nowhere unsearched. Their searchlights also emphasize their power to find anything. This ‘eye of God’ type shot gives the viewer the sense that they are looking down and spying on this event.

Low angle

Shot of John Anderton in the dark walking to get ice bucket.

This shot is deliberately used by the director as an effective contrast to the previous high angle “God-like” shot of the spiders. Here we have been pulled into John’s world and his predicament. Low angles would normally emphasize the power of the subject in the shot but here the effect is different. The director wants to show John from the spider’s perspective. Although the spiders have not yet entered the room, the shot intimates that this will soon happen. The director’s intention is to build suspense with this shot and it does do this. Soon the spiders enter through the floor.

Tilt

Camera movement when John is in the bath and the spiders enter. From above to below the water.

This effectively shows an empty bath and then John in the bath. The tilt is successful at showing his predicament. It shows what the spiders see (nothing) and what we know, that John is there. Here the director wants the viewer to feel the sense of danger that John feels. He is cornered and unable to breathe, see or hear. His senses have been taken away from him and the shot of him underwater is a visual representation of that.

Sound effect

Noise of the spiders touching the water.

This successfully shows the mechanical nature of the spiders. Electricity and water do not mix and so the noise heightens the threat to John and builds tension. It is also the noise which brings John to the surface and allows the spiders to find him. The electric charge is a powerful sound because it makes the viewer imagine the pain that John must be feeling. The noise is associated with torture, almost like a taser sound.

Sound effect

Ticking of the clock as the spiders lift John’s bandage

This is a clear way to remind the audience that John’s time is not up and he should not be removing the bandage, without damaging his eyes. Repeating the noise at this point builds tension again. The director wants to make the audience think of the “doctor” telling John not to take the bandages off early or he will go blind. The noise of the clock is combined with a shot of the timer to reinforce the point. It happens at the crescendo of the scene, delaying our knowledge of the outcome of the eye scan and building suspense.

Dialogue

I gotta eat.”


Let’s eat.”

The scene starts with “I gotta eat” showing the policeman is keen to move on and doesn’t want to mess about. “Let’s eat” ends the scene, showing that they are keen to move on without pursuing the man any further. It is effective for keeping the plot going and as a structural way of defining the scene.






1.4 The relationship between one verbal feature and one visual feature in the text is analysed in terms of the effect.

Q. Analyse how lighting and music are used together in this extract to develop mood. Look particularly where John is moving across the room to get to the bathroom.


A. The lighting is subdued as it is night time and this helps to develop a mood of fear. Light sources are mainly from a lamp on the side wall and the TV screen at the back of the room. Lights do flitter across the scene almost like police searchlights, searching for John. The brass instruments which are deep and low in this scene act as a contrast to the high pitched string music used when the spiders are in the shot. The dark rooms and the low drawn out music create a sense of danger for John Anderton. He cannot see what he is doing so the darkness in the room helps us to understand his situation. A blue light is used in the bathroom to reflect the water which might keep him safe.


1.4 The relationship between verbal features and visual features in the text is critically evaluated in terms of their effect.

Q. How effectively are camera shots or movements, music and sound effects used together in this extract to develop mood?


A. The director wishes to build up a feeling of suspense and tension in this scene. He effectively uses camera shots and music to develop this. For example, the spiders are always accompanied by a short musical motif with a short range of notes and a fast rhythm. This emphasizes their dexterity and speed. The high angle shots of the spiders show them scurrying around, searching the building and we get almost an omniscient god-like view of them. Together the music and camera work, combined with a metallic sound effect, emphasizes the spiders’ high tech nature and their lack of feeling. As they are so efficient and thorough, tension is built up as they close in on John Anderton. Whenever the spiders appear in the shot, the musical motif is repeated and this effectively signals to the viewer that they are hunting John Anderton down and creates suspense.

1.4 An aspect of the organization of text is identified and explained with reference to at least one relevant section of the text. Range: organization could include – treatment of time, act structure, contrast.

Q. What editing technique is used to build tension at the end of the scene, when John gets into the bath?

Explain how this technique builds tension with reference to at least one relevant section of the text.
A. The scene cuts between the bath and the police in the hall. This makes it exciting because the viewer knows that the police are closing in on John Anderton and could catch him at any minute. They are actually at his door when they get the fake identification so they walk away. Cutting helps us to see what is happening at the same time in two different places and makes the scene tense.


1.5 A technique used to shape the text is identified and analysed with reference to at least one relevant section of the text. Range: organization could include – treatment of time, act structure, contrast.

Q.What editing technique is used to build tension at the end of the scene, when John gets into the bath?

Analyse how this technique builds tension with reference to at least one relevant section of the text.
A. Tension is built up by cutting between the bath and shots of the police in the hall or in the helicopter. The scene with John and the spiders cuts to the police even though the viewer wants to know what will happen. Our level of concern is heightened by switching back and forth. Additionally, a shot of the timer is included in this section which also helps to build tension and reminds us that John’s time is not up and he should not remove the bandages. The cuts gradually become more rapid as the scene builds to the climax. The moment when his eyes are being scanned is delayed with a fast cut to the corridor. It comes as a relief when the identification is made and it is not John. The music ends and the rapid cutting finishes.


1.5 Techniques used to shape the text are identified and critically evaluated with reference to relevant sections of the text. Range: organization could include – treatment of time, act structure, contrast.

First technique:

Q. What editing technique is used to build tension at the end of the scene, when John gets into the bath?

To what extent does this technique build tension? Make reference to at least one relevant section of the extract.


A. The use of rapid cutting is used to a great extent at the end of the scene as it looks as if John is unable to escape the precrime police. The shots show what is happening consecutively in the bathroom, out in the hall and in the helicopter. The shots of the police, however, interrupt the flow of the scene in the bathroom so the viewer is waiting longer to find out what will happen. This deliberately heightens the excitement and tension for the viewer. At first the cuts are longer but as the scene builds to a climax, the cuts become more rapid, effectively delaying the climax. Included in the cross cutting between the police and John is a shot of the timer to heighten the audience’s anticipation. It reminds us that time is running out for John and that he could be blinded. The director’s intention is to remind the viewer of previous events. Once the identification is made, and the policewoman says it is not John Anderton, the music stops and the tension is broken. The policeman smiles for the first time.

music and the TV show to the next shot of the police to heighten the irony which would not be lost on a modern American audience as “Cops” is a popular show. This transition also strengthens links between the society shown in the film and our own society, implying that this film has a message for us.


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