Text: The United States Department of Defense should substantially increase its investment in Weather Satellite Follow-On satellites by upgrading visual/infrared imager, microwave imager/sounder and space environment sensor technology.
DoD has satellites in the squo but CP is necessary to continue coverage of critical performance parameters
Bennett 12 (Michael, Congressional Budget Office, September 2012, "Options for Modernizing Military Weather Satellites ", http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/cbofiles/attachments/09-20-WeatherSatellites.pdf)
CBO anticipates that the satellites in Option I would be capable of measuring a total of 37 quantities of interest (referred to as Environmental Data Records, or EDRs), including all six EDRs that the NPOESS program had designated as Key Performance Parameters, or KPPs (imagery, soil moisture, the speed and direction of sea surface winds, atmospheric vertical moisture profiles, atmospheric vertical temperature profiles, and sea surface temperature). Each of those satellites would cost about SI.2 billion to manufacture. CBO estimates, and the total program acquisition cost (which comprises two satellites, the supporting data handling and processing infrastructure, systems engineering, and program management costs) would be about S4.2 billion. (All costs discussed in this paper arc given in inflation-adjusted fiscal year 2013 dollars.) If the cost for launch, launch support, satellite storage, and on-orbit operations through 2037 arc included, the total program cost for Option I would be about 56.1 billion. CBO estimates. The satellites in Option 2 would have less capability, measuring a total of 30 EDRs. including all six KPPs. They would cost about S700 million each to produce: the total program acquisition cost would be about S3.2 billion: and the total program cost including operations through 2037. would be about $4.9 billion, CBO estimates. The option with the lowest cost and capability. Option 3. would measure 25 EDRs, including four of the six KPPs: the unit production cost would be about $400 million: the total program acquisition cost would be about S2.7 billion: and the total program cost including operations through 2037. would be about $4.4 billion. CBO estimates. CBO's assessments of the cost of the three main satellite options reflect the assumption that DoD will continue with its new plans for fielding the last two DMSP satellites and will choose to build new WSF satellites to take the place of DMSP satellites when they reach the end of their operational lives. CBO also assumed that DoD will attempt to minimize the risk of gaps in satellite coverage by starting WSF development around 2014. with the goal of having a new WSF satellite ready as a backup when the last DMSP is launched around 2020.