Plessy v Ferguson – ruled that separate but equal was legal
The Enforcement Acts – Congress’ efforts to prevent the South’s attempts to keep people from voting
Black codes – were made to control former slaves
Fifteenth Amendment – protected the voting rights of African American Men
Ku Klux Klan – formed to return white Democratic political power to southern states
Freedmen’s Bureau – Provided healthcare, legal, and financial assistance to newly freed slaves. Education was a lasting effect.
Jim Crow Laws – Passed by Southern Democrats to separate African Americans and whites in public life.
Plessy v. Ferguson – Supreme Court decided that separate but equal public facilities are constitutional
Southern poll tax laws – Fee paid to vote, resulting in African Americans being denied voting rights
Lewis and Clark - were responsible for mapping a route to the Pacific Ocean
Mountain Men – were fur trappers
The Californios – Brought citrus fruits, olives, and ranching to California; Left a legacy of Spanish city names (San Diego,
San Francisco, etc.); Came as Missionaries; Put up with loneliness and abuse
The Early Missionaries to Oregon – opened the West for settlers Pioneer women – achieved the right to vote in elections before women in the East The California Gold Rush – resulted in California achieving statehood Chinese Immigrants to California – Had to put up with prejudice and abuse; Added cultural diversity to the USA. Mormons – Settled in Utah to find a place to practice their religion in peace
Geographic Challenge for people going West – Rocky Mountains
Know this Chart!
Moved West to convert Nat. Am. to Christianity
Came to US to Mine for Gold and return to China with $$
Moved West to find a place to practice their religion in peace
Moved West to trap for furs
Moved west for California Gold rush
Moved West to seek husbands and homesteads
Dangerous, b/c some NA did not want to convert.
Persecuted by Americans. Had to pay high mining tax.