Middle Ages: Study Guide
Treaty of Verdun
bill of exchange
Due process of law
Pope Urban II
Joan of Arc
Hundred Years War
What was Europe like after the Fall of Rome? What time period does the Middle Ages cover?
How might European “landscape” post Rome create problems both WITHIN different groups and BETWEEN different groups?
How are the fragmented sections of Europe able to initially unify (i.e. What factor unifies them the FASTEST)? How does Clovis relate to this?
How was Charlemagne able to strengthen the territories?
What factors lead to the rise of Feudalism?
What is the difference between Feudalism and Manorialism?
How is Feudalism a system of mutual obligation?
How did the Roman Catholic Church dominate life in the Middle Ages?
the hierarchy of the church
How was the Church both a positive/negative influence on the people? What powers did the Church have and how did that affect people?
How did monks help to positively reinforce the Church?
According to Benedictine rule, what vow did monks/nuns have to take?
What was daily life like for the king? Lords? Knights? Serfs? What were some of the challenges faced by each?
What types of new technology came about in the High Middle Ages? How did this impact society?
What types of new business practices came about in the High Middle Ages? How did those impact society?
How did guilds function and impact society?
How did early kings strengthen their power in England?
What groups of people had problems with the powers of the monarchy growing?
What types of rights did the Magna Carta protect? Why would King John ever agree to sign this document?
What issue did King Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII disagree over? What was the argument for each side? Who “won?”
What conflict sparked the Crusades? Why were western Christians (the Pope/Church, nobles, knights, serfs) motivated to become involved?
Why was Jerusalem an important to have control over? (i.e. Why were the religions even fighting over it?)
What were the results of the Crusades?
How did the Crusades impact Western Europe? What were some negative and positive outcomes of the Crusades? (i.e think about the impact on society, economy, culture, etc).
What new focuses in learning took place in the High Middle Ages? What types of learning were promoted? What types of learning were people hesitant to study. Why?
How did literature change in the High Middle Ages? How did it still reflect Christian values?
What are the differences between Romanesque and Gothic architecture? How did this new architecture impact religion?
What is the Black Death? How did it spread to Europe/across Europe?
were the social
, religious, and economic effects of the Black Death?
How did Spain achieve political and religious unity?
Why did reformers start to criticize the church? How did the church respond?
How did new technology affect fighting during the Hundred Years’ War? What were the results?
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