The Canterbury Tales, Dante’s Inferno, The Book of the City of Ladies
Middle Ages: 450-1300Renaissance: 1300-1650
(Scholars believe originated in Florence)
Define Renaissance: term used to describe the cultural achievements of the 14th-16thcenturies
Period between 1050 to 1300 characterized by commercial and financial development, growing political power of self-governing cities and a population explosion. Period from late 13th to 16th century characterized by artistic energies
Explain the changes in the church. How were the clergy being viewed?
Christian Humanist believed in the importance of the active life instead of a contemplative life.
Stressed the importance of Christian life as opposed to Christian doctrine.
Ridiculed the performance of external mechanical acts of faith such as Pilgrimages to Holy places and Indulgences.
Development of 2 Popes Rome/Avignon. French supported Pope Clement (cousin of French king). England recognized Pope Urban (the pope that was actually elected)
Schism gave rise to instability and religious excess
Reform of church through periodic assemblies representing all Christians. Favored balanced form of church government.
Discuss the social classes of the Middle Ages. Look at the change that developed during the 14th century. How did the lives of the Laity change? (Look at the Guilds and changes in class structure) What was life like in the parish?
Nobility had control of all servants and peasants (chief steward ruled over servants and peasants)
New rise of towns – people fleeing countryside
Artisans become more of a voice with the formation of guilds. Towns allowed for more choices for people.
Rise in Merchant class. Frowned upon by Nobility because of social climbing
Laity began to exercise increasing control over parish affairs