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Quote: “Therefore, let everyone that is out of Christ, now awake and fly from the wrath to come. The wrath of Almighty God is now undoubtedly hanging over a great part of this congregation: Let everyone fly out of Sodom: ‘Haste and escape for your lives, look not behind you, escape to the mountain, lest you be consumed.’”

Source: Jonathan Edwards. Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. Vol. A. Pg. 677

QUOTATION: “This is to let you understand that I your child am in a most heavy case by reason of the nature of the country, (which) is such that it causeth much sickness, as the scurvy and the bloody flux and diverse other diseases, which maketh the body very poor and weak. And when we are sick there is nothing to comfort us.”


SOURCE: Richard Frethorne. Richard Frethorne, to His Parents (Virginia, 1623) (270).

Quote: They may easily take us, but that God is merciful and can save with few as well as with many, as he showed to Gilead.


Source: Richard Frethorne. Richard Frethorne, to His Parents (Virginia,1623). Vol A. Pg 271A


QUOTE: I had none to spare; and you must know those I have can keep me from want: yet steale or wrong you I will not, nor dissolve that friendship we have mutually promised, except you constraine me by our bad usage.

SOURCE: John Smith. The General Historie of Virgina, New England, and Summer Isles. (Page 260)



QUOTE: Captaine Smith, I never use any Werowance so kindely as your selfe, yet from you I receive the least kindnesse of any. Captaine Newport gave me swords, copper, cloathes, a bed, tooles, or what I desired; ever taking what I offered him, and would send away his gunnes when I nitrated him: none doth deny to lye at my feet, or refuse to doe what I desire, but onely you; of whom I can have nothing but what you regard not, and yet you will have whatsoever you demand. Captaine Newport you call father, and so you call me; but I see for all of us both you will doe what you list, and we must both seeke to content you. But if you intend so friendly as you say, send hence your armes, that I may believe you; for you see the love I bear you, doth cause me thus nakedly to forget my selfe.

(Page 262)

Source: John Smith quoting Powhatan, The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles: Chapter 8


Quote: Thus, though all men be not fishers: yet all men, whatsoever, may in other matters doe as well. For necessity doth in these cases so rule a Commonwealth, and each in their several functions, as their labours in the qualities may be as profitable, because there is a necessary mutuall use of all.
Source: John Smith. A Description Of New England. Vol A. Pg.264 A
QUOTE: My purpose is not to perswade children from their parents; men from their wives; nor servants from their masters: onely, such as with free consent may be spared: But that each parish, or village, in Citie or Countrey, that will but apparel their fatherlesse children, of thirteene or fourteen years of age, or young, mar[r]ied people, that have small wealth to live on; here by their labour may live exceedingly well…

Source: John Smith. A Description in New England. Vol. A. Pg. 266

QUOTE:These found the First Adventurers in a very starving condition, but relieved their wants with the fresh Supply they brought with them. From Kiquotan they extended themselves as far as James-Town, where like true Englishmen, they built a church that cost no more than Fifty Pounds, and a Tavern that cost Five hundred.


SOURCE:William Byrd II. The History of the Dividing Line. Vol.A. Pg. 613.
QUOTE: The Indians are generally tall and well-proportion’d, which may make full Amends for the Darkness of their Complexions

SOURCE: William Byrd: The History of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina and The secret History of the Line. Vol. A, pg 613

QUOTE: Add to this, that they are healthy and strong, with Constitutions untainted by Lewdness, and not enfeebled by Luxury. Besides. Morals and all considered, I cant think the Indians were much greater heathens than the first adventures, who, had they been good Christians, would have had Charity to take this only method of converting to Natives to Christianity

SOURCE:William Byrd II. The History of the Dividing Line. Vol.A. Pg. 613.


QUOTE: Besides, Morals and all considered, I cant think the Indians were much greater Heathens than the first Adventurers, who, had they been good Christians, would have had the Charity to take this only method of converting the natives to Christianity. For, after all that can be said, a sprightly Lover is the most prevailing missionary that can be sent amongst these, or any other Infidels.

SOURCE: William Byrd II. The History of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina and The Secret History of the Line. Vol. A. Pg. 613.

QUOTE: Besides, the poor Indians would have had less reason to Complain that the English took away their Land, if they had received it by way of Portion with their Daughters. Had such Affinities been contracted in the Beginning, how much Bloodshed would have been prevented, and how populous would the Country have been, and, consequently, how considerable? Nor wou’d the Shade of the Skin have been any reproach at this day; for if a Moor may be washt white in 3 Generations, Surely an Indian might have been blanch in two…
SOURCE: William Byrd. The History of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina and the Secret History of the Line. Vol. A. Pg 613-614.
Quote: …they invited a tallow-faced wench that had sprained her wrist to drink with them, and when they had raised her in good humor they examined all her hidden charms and played a great many gay pranks… the poor damsel was disabled from making any resistance by the lameness of her hand; all she could do was sit still and make the fashionable exclamation of the country, “flesh alive and tear it!” and, by what I can understand she never spake so properly in her life.

Source: (P 618) William Byrd, The History of the Dividing Line



Quote: Timothy Ives…supplied us with everything that was necessary. He had a tall, straight daughter of a yielding, sandy complexion, who having curiosity to see the tent, Puzzlecause gallanetd her thither, and might have made her free of it had not we come seasonably to the damsel’s chastity. Here both our cookery and bedding were more cleanly than ordinary. The parson lay with Puzzlecause in the tent to keep him honest or, peradventure, to partake of his diversion if he should be otherwise.

Source: (P 620) William Byrd, The History of the Dividing Line

QUOTE: A citizen here is counted extravagant if he has ambition enough to aspire to a brick chimney. Justice herself is but indifferently lodged, the courthouse having much the air of a common tobacco house.

SOURCE: William Byrd II. from The History of the Dividing Line Betwixt Virginia and North Carolina and The Secret History of the Line. Pg. 621

QUOTE: Though these Indians dwell among the English and see in what plenty a little industry enables them to live, yet they choose to continue in their stupid idleness and to suffer all the inconvenience if dirt, cold, and want rather than disturb their heads with care or defile their hands with labor.

SOURCE: William Byrd II. The History of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina and The Secret History of the Line. Pg 624





Quote: “Courteous Reader, I have heard that nothing gives an Author so great Pleasure, as to find his Works respectfully quoted by other learned Authors. This Pleasure I have seldom enjoyed; for tho’ I have been, if I may say it without Vanity, an eminent Author of Almanacks annually now a full Quarter of a Century…”

Source: Benjamin Franklin. The Way to Wealth. Vol. A. Pg. 808

I concluded at length, that the People were the best Judges of my merit; for they buy my works; in my rambles, where I am not personally known, I have frequently heard one or other of my Adages repeated,

SOURCE: Franklin The Way to Wealth Pg. 808

Remember what Poor Richard says, Buy what thou hast no Need of, and long thou shalt sell thy Necessaries.

SOURCE: Franklin The Way to Wealth Pg.811

So what signifies wishing and hoping for better times. We may make theses Times better if we bestir ourselves. Industry need not wish as Poor Richard says, and HE that lives upon Hope will die fasting.

Source: Ben Franklin. The Way to Wealth Vol. A Pg. 809

Pride is as loud a Beggar as Want, and a great deal more saucy.

SOURCE: Franklin The Way to Wealth Pg. 811

Quote: Pride breakfasted with Plenty, dined with Poverty, and supped with Infamy. And after all, of what Use is this Pride of Appearance, for which so much is risked, so much is suffered.

Source: Benjamin Franklin – The Way to Wealth p. 812

QUOTE: Work white it is called To-day, for you know not how much you may be hindered To-morrow, which makes Poor Richard say, One To-day is worth two To-morrows; and farther, Have you somewhat to do To-morrow, do it To-day.
SOURCE: Ben Franklin The Way to Wealth
Quote: But, ah, think of what you do when you run into Debt; you give to another Power over your Liberty. If you cannot at the Time, you will be ashamed to see your Creditor; you will be in fear when you speak to him; you will make poor pitiful sneaking Excuses, and by Degrees come to loose your Veracity, and sink into base downright lying….

Source: (P 812) Benjamin Franklin, The Way to Wealth


QUOTE: The more thinking Part of the Spectators were of Opinion, that any Person so bound and place’d in the Water (unless they were mere Skin and Bones) would swim till their Breath was gone, and their Lungs fill’d with Water. (815)


SOURCE: A Witch Trial at Mount Holly by Ben Franklin.

QUOTE: Who are to perform the common labours of our city, and in our families? Must we not then be our own slaves? And is there not more compassion and more favour due to us as Mussilmen, than to these Christian Dogs? We have now above 50,000 slaves in and near Algiers.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. On the Slave- Trade. Vol A. (Page 825)

QUOTE: Savages we call them, because their Manners differ from ours, which we thing the Perfection of Civility, they think the same of theirs.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin: Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America. Vol. A, pg 821

QUOTE: You see they have not yet learned those little Good Things, that we need no Meetings to be instructed in, because our Mothers taught them to us when we were Children; and therefore it is impossible their Meetings should be, as they say, for any such purpose, or have any such Effect; they are only to contrive the Cheating of Indians in the Price of Beaver.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. Remarks Concerning the Savages of North America. Vol. A. Pg. 824.


QUOTE: But take into your wise Consideration, the great and growing Number of Bachelors in the Country, many of whom from the mean Fear of the Expenses of a Family, have never sincerely and honourably courted a Woman in the Lives; and by their Manner of Living, leave unproduced (which is little better than Murder) Hundreds of their Posterity to the Thousandth Generation. Is not this a greater Offence against the Publik Good, than mine? Compel them, then, by Law, wither to Marriage, or to pay double the Fine of Fornication every Year.


SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. The Speech of Polly Baker. Vol. A. Pg. 816.
QUOTE: “I always was, and still am willing to enter into it; and doubt not my behaving well in it, having all the Industry, Frugality, Fertility, and Skill in Oeconomy, appertaining to a good Wife’s Character. I defy any Person to say, I ever refused an Offer of that Sort: On the contrary, I readily consented to the only Proposal of Marriage that ever was made me, which was when I was a Virgin; but too easily confiding in the Person’s Sincerity that made it, I unhappily lost my own Honour, by trusting to his; for he got me with Child, and then forsook me… A Duty, from the steady Performance of which, nothing has been able to deter me; but for its Sake, I have hazarded the Loss of the Publick Esteem, and have frequently endured Publick Disgrace and Punishment; and therefore ought, in my humble Opinion, instead of a Whipping, to have a Statue erected to my Memory.”

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. The Speech of Polly Baker. Vol A. Pgs 916-817.


QUOTE: It therefore astonishes me, Sir, to find this system approaching so near to perfection as it does; and I think it will astonish our enemies, who are waiting with confidence to hear, that our councils are confounded like those of the builders of Babel, and that our States are on the point of separation

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. Speech in the Convention: At the Conclusion of Its Deliberations. Pg. 827

If every one of us, in returning to our Constituents, were to report the objections he has had to it, and endeavour to gain Partisans in support of them, we might prevent its being generally received, and thereby lose all the salutary effects and great advantages resulting naturally in our favour among foreign nations, as well as among ourselves, from our real or apparent unanimity . . . I hope, therefore, for our own sakes, as a part of the people, and for the sake of our posterity, that we shall act heartily and unanimously in recommending this Constitution, wherever our Influence may extend, and turn our future thoughts and endeavours to the means of having it well administered.

SOURCE: Benjamin Franklin. Speech in the Convention. Vol. A. Pg. 828.

QUOTE: Before we condemn the Indians of this continent as wanting genius, we must consider that letters have not yet been introduced among them.

SOURCE: Thomas Jefferson: Notes on the State of Virginia. Vol. A, pg 997

Many millions of them have been brought to and born in America. Most of them indeed have been confined to tillage, to their own homes, and their own society: yet many have been so situated that they might have availed themselves of the conversations of their masters; many have been brought up to the handicraft arts, and from that circumstance have always been associated with the whites.

Source: Thomas Jefferson. Notes on the State of Virginia Vol A pg 1005

QUOTE: Deep rooted prejudices entertained by the whites; ten thousand recollections, by the blacks, of the injuries they have sustained; new provocations; the real distinctions which nature has made; and many other circumstances, will divide us into parties, and produce convulsions which will probably never end but in the extermination of the one or the other race.

SOURCE: Thomas Jefferson. from Notes on the State of Virginia. (1003-1004)

QUOTE: Misery is often the parent of the most affecting touches in poetry. ---Among the blacks is misery enough, God knows, but no poetry. Love is the peculiar oestrum of the poet. Their love is ardent, but it kindles the senses only, not the imagination. Religion indeed has produced a Phyllis Whately; but it could not produce a poet.

SOURCE: Thomas Jefferson Notes on the State of Virginia pg.1005

QUOTE: To our reproach it must be said, that though for a century and a half we have had under our eyes the races of black and of red men, they have never yet been viewed by us as subjects of natural history. I advance it therefore as a suspicion only, that the blacks, whether originally a distinct race, or made distinct by time and circumstances, are inferior to the whites in the endowments both of body and mind.

SOURCE: Thomas Jefferson Notes on the State of Virginia pg.1007

QUOTE: This is so true, that of the proprietors of slaves a very small proportion indeed are ever seen to labour. And can the liberties of a nation be thought secure when we have removed their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are of the gift of God? That they are not to be violated but with his wrath? Indeed I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just: that his justice cannot sleep for ever: that considering numbers, nature and natural means only, a revolution of the wheel of fortune, an exchange of situation, is among possible events: that it may become probable by supernatural interference!”

SOURCE: Thomas Jefferson. Notes on the State of Virginia. Vol. A. Pg. 1010.

Power may justly be compared to a great river. While kept within its due bounds it is both beautiful and useful. But when it overflows its banks, it is then too impetuous to be stemmed; it bears down all before it, and brings destruction and desolation wherever it comes. If, then, this is the nature of power, let us at least do our duty and like wise men who value freedom use our utmost care to support liberty, the only bulwark against lawless power, which in all ages has sacrificed to its wild lust and boundless ambition the blood of the best men that ever lived.

SOURCE: Andrew Hamilton. Closing Argument in the Libel Trial of John Peter Zenger. Vol. A. Pg. 1053-1054.

QUOTE: Have republics in practice been less addicted to war than monarchies? Are not the former administered by men as well as the latter? (1031)

SOURCE: The Federalist No. 6 by Alexander Hamilton.

QUOTE: No man is allowed to be a judge in his own cause; because his interest would certainly bias his judgment, and not improbably, corrupt his integrity

SOURCE: James Madison The Federalist No. 10

QUOTE: The state of Nature has a law of Nature to govern it, which obliges every one, and reason, which is that law teaches all mankind who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions; for men being all the workmanship of one omnipotent and infinitely wise Maker…(1051)

SOURCE: Concerning Civil Government, Second Essay by John Locke.

QUOTE: “Man being born, as has been proved, with a title to perfect freedom and an uncontrolled enjoyment of all the rights and privileges of the law of Nature, equally with any other man, or number of men in the world, hath by nature a power not only to preserve his property – that is, his life, liberty, and estate, against the injuries and attempts of other men, but to judge of and punish the breaches of that law in others, as he is persuaded the offence deserves, even with death itself, in crimes where the heinousness of the fact, in his opinion, requires it.”

SOURCE: John Locke. Concerning Civil Government. Vol A. Pg. 1051

QUOTE: A state consisting of a million of citizens has a million sovereigns each of whom detests all the other sovereignty but its own. This very boast implies as much of the spirit of turbulence and insubordination, as the utmost energy of any known regular government, even the most rigid, could keep it in restraint.

SOURCE: Fisher Ames. On the Dangers of Democracy. Vol. A. Pg. 1065.

QUOTE: “That government certainly deserves no honest man’s love or support, which, from the very laws of its being, carries terrour and danger to the virtuous, and arms the vicious with authority and power… Waving any further pursuit of these reflections, letit be resumed, that, if every man of the million has his ratable share of power in the community, then, instead of restraining the vicious, they also are armed with power, for they take their part: as they are citizens, this cannot be refused them.”

SOURCE: Fisher Ames. On the Dangers of Democracy. Vol A. Pg. 1065



Quote: “In the following pages I offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense…”

Source: Thomas Paine. Common Sense. Vol. A. Pg. 959

QUOTE: Men of all ranks have embarked in the controversy, from different motives, and with various designs; but all have been ineffectual, and the period of debate is closed.

SOURCE: Thomas Paine . from Common Sense. Pg. 959

QUOTE: We have boasted the protection of Great Britain, without considering, that her motive was interest not attachment; and that she did not protect us from our enemies on our account; but from her enemies on her account, from those who had no quarrel with us on any other account, and who will always be our enemies on the same account. Let Britain waive her pretensions to the Continent, or the Continent throw off the dependence, and we should be at peace with France or Spain, were they at war with Britain.

SOURCE: Thomas Paine. Common Sense. Vol A. (Page 960)

But Britain is the parent country, say some. Then the more shame upon her conduct. Even brutes do not devour their young, nor savages make war upon their families; Wherefore, the assertion, if true, turns to her reproach; but it happens not to be true, or only partly so and, the phrase parent or mother country hath been jesuitically adopted by the kings and his parasites with a low papistical design of gaining an unfair bias on the bias on the credulous weakness of our minds.”


Source: Thomas Paine Common Sense Vol. A Pg 961

QUOTE: But if you say, you can still pass the violations over then I ask, hath your house been burnt? Hath your property been destroyed before your face? Are your wife and children destitute of a bed to lie on, or bread to live on? Have you lost a parent or a child by their hands, and yourself the ruined and wretched survivor? If you have not, then are you not a judge of those who have. But if you have, and can still shake hands with the murderers, then are you unworthy the name of husband, father, friend, or lover, and whatever may be your rank of title in life, you have the heart of a coward and the spirit of a sycophant.
SOURCE: Thomas Paine. Common Sense. Vol. A. Pg. 963

QUOTE: But she had protected us, some say. That she hath engrossed us it’s true, and defended the Continent at our expenses as well as her own, is admitted; and She would have defended Turkey from the same motive, viz. for the sake of trade and dominion.

SOURCE: Thomas Paine – Common Sense p. 960

Quote: But even this is admitting more than is true; for I answer roundly, that America would have flourished as much, and probably much more, had no European power taken any notice of her.

Source: Thomas Paine Common Sense (p. 960)

QUOTE: We may as well assert that because a child has thrived upon milk, that it is never to have meat, or that the first twenty years of our lives is to become a precedent for the next twenty.

SOURCE: Thomas Paine. from Common Sense: Thoughts on the Present State of American Affairs. (960)

QUOTE: Your future connection with Britain, whom you can neither love nor honour, will be forced and unnatural, and being formed only on the plan of present convenience,

SOURCE: Paine Common Sense Pg.963

These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands by it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives every thing its value. Heaven knows how to put a proper price upon its goods; and it would be strange indeed if so celestial an article as FREEDOM should not be highly rated. Britain, with an army to enforce her tyranny, has declared that she has a right (not only to TAX) but "to BIND us in ALL CASES WHATSOEVER" and if being bound in that manner, is not slavery, then is there not such a thing as slavery upon earth. Even the expression is impious; for so unlimited a power can belong only to God. (Page 965)

SOURCE: Thomas Paine, The American Crisis

QUOTE: It is a contradiction in terms and ideas to call anything a revelation that comes to us at second hand, either verbally or in writing.

SOURCE: Paine The Age of Reason Pg. 971

Quote: Every national church or religion has established itself by pretending some special mission from God, communicated to certain individuals. The Jews have their Moses; the Christians their Jesus Christ, their apostles and saints; the Turks their Mahomet; as if the way to God was not open to every man alike.

SOURCE: (P 971) Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason

QUOTE: The Christian theory is little else than the idolatry of the ancient mythologists, accommodated to the purposes of power and revenue; and it yet remains to reason and philosophy to abolish the amphibious fraud.


SOURCE: Thomas Paine. The Age of Reason. Vol. A. Pg. 972.

QUOTE: I do not believe in the creed professed by the Jewish church, by the Roman church, by the Greek church, by the Turkish church, by the Protestant church nor by any church that I know of. My own mind is my own church. All national institutions of churches, whether Jewish, Christian, or Turkish, appear to me no other that human inventions set up to terrify and enslave mankind, and monopolize power and profit.
SOURCE: Paine The Age of Reason Pg. 643-4

QUOTE: It has been the scheme of the Christian church, and of all the other invented systems of religion, to hold man in ignorance of the Creator, as it is of government to hold him in ignorance of his rights.

SOURCE: Thomas Paine. The Age of Reason. Pg 975

QUOTE: Let Woman have a share,

Nor yield supine to laws.

Her equal rights declare,

And well maintain.

Come forth with sense array’d,

Nor ever be dismay’d

To meet the foe,-

Who with assuming hands

Inflict the iron bands,

To obey his rash commands,

And vainly bow.



SOURCE: Anonymous. RIGHTS OF WOMAN Pg. 1063


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