Mid-Atlantic, Middle Colonies Geography, Climate and Natural Resources

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Mid-Atlantic, Middle Colonies

Geography, Climate and Natural Resources

The colonies located in the mid-Atlantic of North America had coastal lowlands that were very fertile and rich land for farming of wheat and grain as well as raising livestock. The moderate climate also allowed for a longer season to farm. The middle colonies had deep harbors with wide rivers and bays which allowed for fishing and the development of port cities and market towns to arise.

Mid-Atlantic, Middle Colonies

Social, Religious and Political Life

Many immigrants from Europe landed on the docks of the middle colonies. Because of the many different nationalities and customs, people had varied and diverse lifestyles. People were from different countries, sometimes spoke different languages, and practiced different varieties of the Christian religion. Therefore, toleration and acceptance of other beliefs and varieties of faith were the norm. Because of the immigrants, large cities (Philadelphia & New York) grew and developed into market towns where different goods and ideas were exchanged and where laws were passed.

Mid-Atlantic, Middle Colonies

Due to the fertile land, the Mid-Atlantic region came to specialize in livestock and grains.

Because this region also had deep harbors and wide rivers, it grew to specialize additionally in fish.

Mid-Atlantic, Middle Colonies

Examples of Economic Interdependence
The Mid-Atlantic region traded with the New England and Southern colonies to get products that they did not produce as easily.

They bought tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo and forest products from the Southern colonies.

They also obtained metal tools and equipment from the New England colonies.

Mid-Atlantic, Middle Colonies

Natural, Human, Capital Resources
The Middle colonies had many natural resources such as rich farmlands and wide rivers.
The human resources were unskilled and skilled workers, along with fishermen.

Working together, the natural resources and human resources were able to produce capital resources of tools and buildings.

Mid-Atlantic / Middle Colonies


  • Middle Colonies schools were also largely religious but taught the teachings of one religion. If you were a Catholic, you learned about the Catholic religion at a Catholic school. Most schools were private, not public like New England. Students also learned other subjects so they could get into college. Again, girls weren't allowed to attend, unless they were Quakers.

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