14. Markovnikov’s Rule describes the outcome of the addition of a protic acid to one of these compounds. For 10 points each:
 Name this class of hydrocarbons with a carbon-carbon double bond and general formula CnH2n [C N H 2 N].
 Alkenes can be turned to alkanes via this reductive process, which is catalyzed in benzene by Raney nickel.
ANSWER: hydrogenation  Carbon-carbon bonds are this type of bond, typically formed between elements with similar electronegativity, wherein electrons are shared between atoms.
ANSWER: covalent bond
15. The background of this work depicts a tree obscured by a pillar, as well as a woman rummaging through a trunk. For 10 points each:
 Identify this painting that depicts a goddess lying completely nude upon white sheets on a red mattress.