What impact did the ______________ and ______________ have on life in Mesopotamia?
What allowed people in Mesopotamia to _____________ the first cities?
Mesopotamia The Tigris and Euphrates rivers are the most important physical features of the region sometimes known as Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia means “___________ the ____________” in Greek. The region called Mesopotamia lies between Asia Minor and the Persian Gulf. The region is part of a larger area called the ____________ Crescent, a large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland. The Fertile Crescent extends from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea.
Mesopotamia was actually made of two parts. Northern Mesopotamia was a plateau bordered on the north and the east by mountains. Southern Mesopotamia was a flat plain. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers ___________ ___________ from the hills into this low-lying plain.
_____________________ groups first settled in Mesopotamia more than 12,000 years ago. Over time, these people learned how to _____________ ____________ to grow their own food. Every year, floods on the Tigris and Euphrates brought silt to the land. The fertile ________________ made the land ideal for agriculture. The first farming settlements formed as early as _______________. Farmers grew wheat, barley, and other grains. Livestock, birds, and fish were also good sources of food. Plentiful food led to population growth, and villages formed. Eventually, these early villages developed into the world’s __________ civilization.
Farming in Mesopotamia was difficult because of __________________ water supply.
The Land often alternated between periods of drought and _______________.
What would cause drought or flooding?
To solve their water problem, people dug ______________ and ditches to control the flow of water and ______________ flooding.