Medieval Warfare, Weapons and Tactics


Exhibit A: Medieval Warfare



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Exhibit A: Medieval Warfare



Exhibit B: Medieval Warfare

Timeline Renaissance Warfare


1337-1453:

Hundred Years' War

Saw England and France battle for the French throne. The Hundred Years' War saw the rise of the longbow and the decline of the mounted knight. Helping to launch the concepts of English and French nationalism, the war also saw the erosion of the feudal system.
1453:

Battle of Castillon:

English driven from France; End of the 100 Years War

Turks capture Constantinople and kill Emperor Constantine XI, end of the Byzantine Empire
1455-1487:

Wars of the Roses:

England: The Wars of the Roses were a series of civil wars fought in medieval England from 1455 to 1487 between the House of Lancaster and the House of York. The name Wars of the Roses is based on the badges used by the two sides, the red rose for the Lancastrians and the white rose for the Yorkists. Major causes of the conflict include:

1) Both houses were direct descendants of King Edward III

2) The ruling Lancastrian king, Henry VI, surrounded himself with unpopular nobles

3) The civil unrest of much of the population

4) The availability of many powerful lords with their own private armies

5) the untimely episodes of mental illness by king Henry VI.
1477:

Death of Charles the Bold (last duke of Burgundy) in Battle of Nancy: Burgundy becomes part of the Austrian Empire. Rise of the Swiss as European mercenary armies.
1485:

Battle of Bosworth, death of Richard III, Wars of the Roses ends.

Accession of Henry VII the first Tudor monarch.
1491-1492:

Siege of Granada: Christian Spanish capture Granada in Spain from Muslims

1515:

Battle of Marignano: A milestone battle which showed the cannon and gun to be more powerful than the pike and the sword. The Swiss mercenary troops, the best in Europe, were defeated by French guns.
1529:

Turkish Siege of Vienna: The Ottoman threat to Europe is exposed
1562-1598:

Huguenot Wars: wars of religion in France

The Huguenot were the Protestants of France. The massacre of Huguenots at Vassy in 1562 began the Wars of Religion between the Catholics under the leadership of the Duke of Guise and the Huguenots under the leadership of Prince de Conde and the King of Navarre. After both, the king of France and the Duke of Guise were assassinated Henry of Navarre, a Protestant, became the legitimate heir to the throne. In order to pacify the nation Henry converted to the Catholic faith uttering the words: 'Paris is well worth a mass'. In 1598 the new king promulgated the Edict of Nantes, which granted the Huguenots their religious and political freedom.
1568-1648:

Dutch Wars of Independence:

The Netherlands win their independence from the Spanish Empire. Allowing them to become the strongest colonial power in Europe and a stronghold of Protestants.
1588:

English defeat Spanish Armada, under Queen Elizabeth I
1600:

Signals the end of the Renaissance, the Baroque period begins





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