The Government Innovation Index (GII) was developed by the Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs, South Korea in the mid 2000s. This tool was designed to gauge the level of innovation of organisations in the Korean public sector by determining how well an organisation innovates amidst changing environments. It helps organizations to diagnose levels of innovation, identify weak areas, and develop action plans to fortify their innovation capacities. On a government level, the overall results of the index can serve as a reference for national innovation strategies.
The GII is applicable to all public sector organisations, scientifically measures various signs and evidence of innovation in an organisation, clearly states to which stage of innovation the results refer; and provides analytical results comparable to private organisations and other countries.
The GII is a weighted average of many sub-indices. It is divided into innovation activation levels which accurately diagnose the current level and results of innovation.
Innovation activation Index
Innovation activities per area
Innovation Leadership (L)
Vision & Strategies (V)
Personnel Capacity (C)
Systemisation of management (M)
Innovation adoption – implementation (I)
The GII assesses other components indirectly: Foundation Readiness for Innovation; Innovation Activity Alignment; and Innovation Internalisation are calculated from the components of the Innovation activation index.
The results for each organisation are summarised as innovation stages between 1 and 5. Scores and explanations for each stage are also presented.
Internationalisation and systematisation of innovation
Active participation from organisation members and benefits of innovation are felt and internalised
Data is gathered online through a web-based diagnostic system which facilitates data accumulation and statistical analysis. When innovation officials from each organisation respond to questions within the GII, the index values for each area and the overall index values are automatically calculated. Answers are mainly based on factual data collected from many departments.3
One person in charge of innovation in a surveyed organisation completes the questionnaire. Two other randomly selected government officials of the organisation are then asked questions for simple factual verification. These officials were chosen at random and the data obtained through telephone interview.
In the first half of 2005, the Korean Government Innovation Headquarters conducted diagnoses of 496 public institutions. The results are shown below.
Total number of organisations (496)
Central government (48)
Local government (250)
Local offices of education (198)
Based on these results, innovation strategies appropriate to the innovation levels and characteristics were recommended and implemented. A government-wide comparison was also conducted. The GII therefore progressed from an evaluation tool to a tool which improves innovation efforts.
The GII allows benchmarking between private and public sectors organisations. It can be used to review an agency’s innovation performance or perform analysis of a specific area for a group of agencies. It can also compare innovation characteristics and innovation levels of different countries by conducting a joint review with other countries.