The Mayflower Compact is a written agreement of the new settlers arriving at New Plymouth in November of 1620. They had separated from the King's Church, the Church of England. In England, those who did not belong to the King's Church were often put in jail. The Separatists had decided to come to America so they could safely worship as Separatists.
Eventually, the Separatists who came on the Mayflower were known as Pilgrims. A pilgrim is a person who makes a journey for religious reasons. They had traveled across the ocean on the ship Mayflower and anchored in what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
The Mayflower Compact Reads:
"In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord, King James, by the Grace of God, of England, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, e&. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith, and the Honour of our King and Country, a voyage to plant the first colony in the northern parts of Virginia; do by these presents, solemnly and mutually in the Presence of God and one of another, *covenant and combine ourselves together into a civil Body Politick, for our better Ordering and Preservation, and Furtherance of the Ends aforesaid; And by Virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame, such just and equal Laws, Ordinances, Acts, Constitutions and Offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the General good of the Colony; unto which we promise all due *submission and obedience. In Witness whereof we have hereunto subscribed our names at Cape Cod the eleventh of November, in the Reign of our Sovereign Lord, King James of England, France and Ireland, the eighteenth, and of Scotland the fifty-fourth. Anno Domini, 1620."
*covenant: agree *submission; giving in
After reading the Mayflower Compact answer the following questions completely. Explain your answer.
1. What do you think this document is saying?
2. What was the reason they (the Separatists) were writing this document, the first written laws for the new land in the Americas? OVER
The Pilgrims Sail to The New World
The Pilgrims came to the New World insearch of reigious freedom. They sailed from Plymouth, England, on Sepetember 16, 1620, and didn’t sight land until November 19 of that year. They thanked God when they saw the land (the tip of Cape Cod, Massachusetts). But all of their emotions weren’t positive ones.
Future Plymouth Colony governor William Bradford wrote of their sighting:
“They had now no friends to welcome them, no inns to…refresh their weather-beaten bodies….Besides, what could they see but a hideous and desolate wilderness, full of wild beasts and wild men?”
After reading this answer the following questions completely. Explain your answer.
What had these people just sacrificed for religious freedom?
How do you think they, especially someone your age, might be feeling about this migration?
There are people today who leave their homes to live somewhere else. What are some of the reasons today that people immigrate to another country?
What could make you make a similar journey? If there is nothing, why not?