Maya, Aztec, and Inca Practice Test

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Maya, Aztec, and Inca Practice Test

  1. Where was the Mayan civilization located?

    1. Yucatan Peninsula

    2. Andes Mountains

    3. Peru

    4. South America

  1. Which statement best describes the geography of the Mayan?

    1. Hot, dry deserts with scattered oases

    2. Tall, rocky mountains with fast flowing rivers

    3. Rainforests and swamps filled with sinkholes

    4. Freezing, snow-covered forest

  1. The Mayan farmers cut down forest and burned the land to prepare it for farming. This technique is called

    1. Cut and Blaze

    2. Fast-farming

    3. Slash and burn

    4. Deforestation

  1. Much of the Inca Empire was mountainous. How did this affect crops growing in the empire?

    1. Incas were only able to grow crops on flat, low-lying areas.

    2. Incas were not able to grow crops because the climate was too cold.

    3. Incas grew a small amount of crops but relied on imports to feed most people.

    4. Incas created terraces on the sides of hills and mountains.

  1. What did the Aztecs and Mayans build in order to worship their gods?

    1. Temple-pyramids

    2. Cathedrals

    3. Mosques

    4. Stadiums

  1. What disease did the Spaniards bring with them that killed nearly half of the Aztec population?

    1. Ebola

    2. Small Pox

    3. Ziku

    4. Chicken Pox

  1. The Inca had advanced knowledge of engineering. What did the Inca build to keep their empire connected?

    1. A collection of colorful pottery

    2. A network of telephone wires

    3. A system of roads and bridges

    4. Carriages pulled by horses

  2. Mayan settled in an area called Pet’en. Pet’en is the Mayan word for

    1. Flat region

    2. Paradise

    3. Sandy beaches

    4. Deep valley

  1. Mayan kings were considered gods descended from

    1. Moon

    2. Sun

    3. Rain

    4. Earth

  1. The picture above is an ancient city located in the Andes Mountains in South America. It is an important World Heritage site and is one of the most important sites linked to Inca history. This site is called

    1. Cuzco

    2. Machu Picchu

    3. Tenochtitlan

    4. Teotihuacan

  1. Which of the following was not an achievement of the Maya?

    1. 365-day calendar

    2. The number 0

    3. Base-20 number system

    4. Network of roads

  1. Which of the following is not a theory as to why the Mayan Civilization declined?

    1. Not enough food

    2. War with the Aztecs

    3. Not enough water

    4. Invasions from outsiders

  1. ________ was the most valuable crop of the Mayans and was used to make chocolate.

    1. Salt

    2. Cocoa beans

    3. Avocados

    4. Peanuts

  1. The Aztecs had a limited amount of farmland. As a result the Aztecs

    1. They built floating gardens called chinampas

    2. Conquered more land

    3. Stole food from surrounding groups

    4. Focused on fishing

  1. Who was the leader of the Aztecs who was defeated by Hernan Cortez?

    1. Pizzaro

    2. Montezuma

    3. Texcoco

    4. Athahualpa

  1. Which of these statements is true regarding the Incan religion?

    1. The Inca got conquistadors to practice their religion.

    2. The Inca only worshipped one god.

    3. The Inca worshipped many different gods.

    4. The Inca worshipped Greek gods.

  1. The capital of the Aztecs was called

    1. Tenochtitlan

    2. Machu Picchu

    3. Aztecia

    4. Chichen Itza

  1. Which of the following is true of Tenochtitlan, the center of the Aztec culture?

    1. It was built in the middle of a lake and had many canals

    2. It was on the Pacific Coast of what is now Mexico

    3. It was in the middle of the desert and had little access to water.

    4. It was located in a region in which it was too cold to grow crops.

  1. The Inca were located in which mountain range?

    1. Appalachian

    2. Sierra Madre

    3. Andes

    4. Rocky

  1. The conquistador responsible for the destruction of the Incas was

    1. Cajamarca

    2. Hernan Cortes

    3. Francesca Battistelli

    4. Fransisco Pizarro

  1. Which statement about the early civilizations of the Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas is true?

    1. Both the Mayans and the Aztecs inhabited parts of the American continents.

    2. The Mayans, Aztecs, and Incas were inhabitants of what is now West Africa.

    3. The Mayans and Incas co-existed in Central America and what is now Mexico.

    4. Both the Incas and Aztecs inhabited the land areas along the western coast of Africa.

  1. The Incas used a tax system called mita. Under this system,

    1. People paid half of their money to the king.

    2. People gave whatever they could afford to the king.

    3. People gave one month’s supply of food to the king.

    4. People paid taxes in the form of labor.

  1. Although the Incans didn’t have a writing system, they kept records on colored knotted cords called

    1. Beads

    2. Quipu

    3. Chimpana

    4. Rainbow Ropes

  1. Which of the following was one of the achievements of the Incas in the field of transportation?

    1. They built suspension bridges in order to travel across the deep ravines of their mountainous terrain.

    2. They had a network of underground tunnels allowing them to quickly pass through mountains.

    3. They built a canal system and could ship goods throughout the empire on ships.

    4. They were great shipbuilders and had sea routes connecting different parts of the empire.

  1. Which two civilizations were conquered by the Spanish?

    1. Maya and Aztec

    2. Inca and Aztec

    3. Maya and Inca

  1. Which civilization’s capital is now known as Mexico City?

    1. Maya

    2. Aztec

    3. Inca


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