Massachusetts New Hampshire Connecticut
4.1 The New England Colonies:
Setting the Scene
Massachusetts bay colony- bible as a guide,(holy common wealth) – followed the laws of god
Settlers built towns and farms
Migration of Massachusetts (during the 1630s) was led by a group known as the Puritans.
Puritans- group of English Protestants’ who settled the Massachusetts bay colony
Unlike the Pilgrims, the Puritans did not want to separate entirely from England.
The wanted to do a way with many practices inherited from the Roman Catholic Church
finally decorated houses of worship
clothing for priest
Leaving England during the “Evil times”
Puritans were a powerful group in England.
Some were small farmers, many were well educated, and successful merchants or landowners.
became king in 1625.
disapproved of Puritans and their ideas.
Puritans persuaded royal officials to grant them a charter to form the Massachusetts Bay Company.
Companies plan was to build a new society based on biblical laws and teachings.
John Winthrop was a lawyer and a devout Puritan.
Some settlers joined the Massachusetts colony for economic reasons not just religiously
The Massachusetts Bay offered cheap land and to start a business.
Governing the colony
Winthrop-chosen the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
sets an example for others
, works hard to build a home, clear land, plant crops.
Only stock holders had the right to vote.
Settlers resented taxes and laws passed by a government in which they had no say.
General Court- elected representative assembly in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1629-1640 (10 plus years) 15,000 men, women, children left England to go to Massachusetts also know as the Great Migration.
Boston became the colony’s largest town.
Problems in Massachusetts Bay
Puritan leaders did not like anyone to question their religious beliefs or the way the colony was governed.
Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut
In May 1636 Thomas Hooker led about 100 settlers out over the Massachusetts Bay.
they drove their cattle
, goats, and pigs along Indian trails.
When they reached the Connecticut they built a town which they called Hartford.
Hooker left Massachusetts Bay because he believed that the governor and the other officials had too much power.
He wanted colony in Connecticut with no strict limits on Government.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- a 1639 plan of government in which the Puritan colony in Connecticut; expanded the idea of representative government in the English colonies.
Gave the vote to all men who were property owners.
Limited the government’s power.
Roger Williams Settles Rhode Island
Roger Williams was a young minister in the village of Salem.
In Williams view, the business of church and state should be completely separate since concern with political affairs would corrupt the church.
Williams believed in religious tolerance.
Religious Tolerance- a willingness to let others practice their own beliefs.
Puritan leaders view Williams as a dangerous troublemaker.
In 1635, the General Court ordered him to leave Massachusetts.
Williams fled to Narragansett Bay
He spent the winter with Indians.
In spring of 1636 Indians sold Williams land.
, Williams put into practice his ides about tolerance.
Williams allowed complete freedom of all religions for all the Protestants, Jews, and Catholics.
This gave white men the right to vote.
This new land became known as Rhode Island.
Anne Hutchinson Speaks Out
Anne discussed Minister Service after church at house. Leader became anger
Anne told the council that God spoke to her and touched her soul.
Anne was also devout Puritan and attended church regularly.
1638 Anne went to Rhode Island.
Puritans at War With Native Americans
They built trading and fishing villages along the coast of north of Boston.
As more and more settlers came to the New World the settlers took over their land.
The king made these
coastal settlements into
In 1675 Metacom of the Wampanoag tribe attempted to drive out English settlers.
About 1,000 Indians were forced into slavery and other Indians were forced from their home land.
Life in New England towns and villages
Puritans belived people should worship and attend to matters in the community
The community became tightly knit
Puritans took Sabbath (holy day of rest) very seriously
It was mandatory for all to go to church and
church lasted the whole day
Town meetings allowed people to speak freely
Witchcraft-burned at the stake/hung
economy lived in diffucult land that was hard to farm
corn pumpkin squash beans
hunted turkey and deer
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