Massachusetts New Hampshire Connecticut

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4.1 The New England Colonies:

  • Massachusetts

  • New Hampshire

  • Connecticut

  • Rhode Island

Setting the Scene

  • Massachusetts bay colony- bible as a guide,(holy common wealth) – followed the laws of god

  • Settlers built towns and farms

Puritans Leaving Massachusetts

  • Migration of Massachusetts (during the 1630s) was led by a group known as the Puritans.

  • Puritans- group of English Protestants’ who settled the Massachusetts bay colony

  • Unlike the Pilgrims, the Puritans did not want to separate entirely from England.

  • The wanted to do a way with many practices inherited from the Roman Catholic Church

Leaving England during the “Evil times”

  • Puritans were a powerful group in England.

        • Some were small farmers, many were well educated, and successful merchants or landowners.

  • Charles 1st became king in 1625.

  • Charles 1st disapproved of Puritans and their ideas.

  • Puritans persuaded royal officials to grant them a charter to form the Massachusetts Bay Company.

  • Companies plan was to build a new society based on biblical laws and teachings.

  • John Winthrop was a lawyer and a devout Puritan.

  • Some settlers joined the Massachusetts colony for economic reasons not just religiously

  • The Massachusetts Bay offered cheap land and to start a business.

Governing the colony

  • Winthrop-chosen the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

  • Only stock holders had the right to vote.

  • Settlers resented taxes and laws passed by a government in which they had no say.

  • General Court- elected representative assembly in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

  • 1629-1640 (10 plus years) 15,000 men, women, children left England to go to Massachusetts also know as the Great Migration.

  • Boston became the colony’s largest town.

Problems in Massachusetts Bay

  • Puritan leaders did not like anyone to question their religious beliefs or the way the colony was governed.

Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut

  • In May 1636 Thomas Hooker led about 100 settlers out over the Massachusetts Bay.

  • Pushing west, they drove their cattle, goats, and pigs along Indian trails.

  • When they reached the Connecticut they built a town which they called Hartford.

  • Hooker left Massachusetts Bay because he believed that the governor and the other officials had too much power.

        • He wanted colony in Connecticut with no strict limits on Government.

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- a 1639 plan of government in which the Puritan colony in Connecticut; expanded the idea of representative government in the English colonies.

      • Differences

        • Gave the vote to all men who were property owners.

        • Limited the government’s power.

Roger Williams Settles Rhode Island

  • Roger Williams was a young minister in the village of Salem.

  • In Williams view, the business of church and state should be completely separate since concern with political affairs would corrupt the church.

  • Williams believed in religious tolerance.

        • Religious Tolerance- a willingness to let others practice their own beliefs.

  • Puritan leaders view Williams as a dangerous troublemaker.

        • In 1635, the General Court ordered him to leave Massachusetts.

        • Williams fled to Narragansett Bay

          • He spent the winter with Indians.

            • In spring of 1636 Indians sold Williams land.

  • In Rhode Island, Williams put into practice his ides about tolerance.

  • Williams allowed complete freedom of all religions for all the Protestants, Jews, and Catholics.

  • This gave white men the right to vote.

  • This new land became known as Rhode Island.

Anne Hutchinson Speaks Out

  • Anne discussed Minister Service after church at house. Leader became anger

  • Anne told the council that God spoke to her and touched her soul.

  • Anne was also devout Puritan and attended church regularly.

  • 1638 Anne went to Rhode Island.

Puritans at War With Native Americans

  • They built trading and fishing villages along the coast of north of Boston.

  • As more and more settlers came to the New World the settlers took over their land.

  • The king made these coastal settlements into

  • In 1675 Metacom of the Wampanoag tribe attempted to drive out English settlers.

  • About 1,000 Indians were forced into slavery and other Indians were forced from their home land.

Life in New England towns and villages

  • Puritans belived people should worship and attend to matters in the community

  • The community became tightly knit

  • Puritans took Sabbath (holy day of rest) very seriously

  • It was mandatory for all to go to church and church lasted the whole day

Town meetings

  • Town meetings allowed people to speak freely

Poor farming

Witchcraft-burned at the stake/hung

economy lived in diffucult land that was hard to farm

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