Due to a quirk in time, you have been transported back to the year 1520 and the city of Worms. Here, you find yourself involved in the trial of the German Monk, Martin Luther, who has given himself up to the authority of the Catholic Church to address the charges that he is, in two words, a heretical revolutionary. The specific charges are as follows:
Count 1.Development and preaching of heretical doctrines Count 2. Inciting members of the Catholic Church to rebel against the authority and established doctrines of the universal Church Count 3. Willful denial of the authority of the Pope and Catholic Church
Roles in the Simulation:
Characters will be assigned by lottery. All character assignments are final after the drawing.
Character Roles in the Trial Simulation:
The Prosecution Prosecuting Attorney
Sir Thomas More
Witness: Leo X
Witness: Charles V
The Defense Defense Attorney
Martin Luther Henry VIII
Witness: Jon Huss
Martin Luther 1. Is the defendant in the trial.
2. Will testify in his defense before the tribunal.
3. Must be able to answer questions consistently with Luther's theological views and be familiar with specific aspects of his life.
Prosecution Team 1. The prosecution shall consist of four attorneys.
2. The prosecution will prepare its case to prove that Martin Luther is guilty under each of the three counts of the indictment listed above.
3. Each attorney for the prosecution will prepare a four minute speech (2) introducing and (2) summarizing the prosecutions case against Luther.
4. The prosecution will be allowed to ask four primary questions and four follow up questions as part of its examination of Luther and three primary and follow-up questions of each of the other witnesses (time not to exceed five minutes).
Pope Leo X
Defense Team 1. The defense team shall consist of four attorneys.
2. The defense team will prepare its case to prove that Martin Luther. is not guilty of any of the charges as outlined by the general indictment above
3. Each attorney for the defense will prepare a four minute speech (2) introducing and (2) summarizing the defense team's case for Luther's acquittal on all three counts
4. The defense will be allowed to ask four primary questions and four. follow up questions as part of its examination of Luther and three primary and follow-up questions of each of the other witnesses (time not to exceed five minutes).
Witnesses 1. In addition to Luther's testimony, there will be other witnesses available for questioning; they will be witnesses for the prosecution and for the defense.
2. The prosecution witnesses will be Pope Leo X, Emperor Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire, Sir Thomas More, Anabaptist, John Tetzel, Ignatius Loyola, and a German commoner.
3. The defense witnesses will be Martin Luther, Jon Huss, Henry VIII, John Calvin, Erasmus, Anne Boleyn, and a German Commoner.
4. Each witness must be familiar with the issues that would have concerned their character and be familiar with the general ideas and issues of the Protestant Reformation. Each witness will be questioned by members of both the prosecution and the defense.
Martin Luther prepares to burn the papal bull.
Judges 1. There are seven judges on the Church tribunal. All are members of the College of Cardinals. While they are devout Catholics, they are also aware that there have been many concerns about various doctrines and practices within the Church in the past several years. They will have to judge Luther's case on the basis of the issues presented and decide whether or not he should be excommunicated. One of the three will also act as the chief justice of the court and direct the trial.
2. The Judges will:
a. preside over the trial
b. evaluate and rule on admissibility of evidence and arguments
c. maintain order and decorum in the court
d. reach verdict and impose sentence
each judge shall read one of the verdicts for a specific charge
the chief justice shall deliver the sentence that the tribunal agrees upon
If the verdict is not unanimous a majority and dissenting opinion will also be presented
3. The the only sentence possible in the event of a guilty verdict will be Luther's excommunication and the transfer of his case to civil authorities for a civil trial and a sentence to be administered thereafter (most likely to be burned at the stake)
1530 - Charles V, far left, discusses a point of dispute in the Confession of Augsburg.
(The last Protestant attempt to reconcile with the Church of Rome)
News Staff 1. Will observe and report on pretrial, trial, and post trial events.
2. May interview various members of the defense and prosecution teams and speculate as to strategy and tactics and opinion, ie. Editorials, cartoons etc.
3. May choose either print or broadcast media.
Trial Procedure 1. Chief Justice reads the charges against Martin Luther
2. Opening statement for the Prosecution (8 minutes)
3. Opening statement for the defense (8 minutes)
4. Testimony of witnesses (prosecution and defense teams have five minutes for examination of each witness)
5. Closing statement for the prosecution (8 minutes)
6. Closing statement for the defense (8 minutes)
7. Judges deliberate and reach/read verdict and sentence
Assignment / Grade 1. This simulation assignment will be due for presentation on (date to be announced).
2. Because this assignment requires application of research and writing skills as well as role-playing, the grade will be determined by the following:
Attorneys: Case briefs submitted for each attorney's primary speech and general case
Judges: The written decision of the judges and their sentence and its justification
Witnesses: A written deposition by each witness outlining their position on the Protestant Reformation and how well each participant plays the part he/she has been assigned - Written articles, editorials, cartoons etc.
News: A written news article or news broadcast.
**No written aspect of this assignment is to be less than one nor longer than two typed pages in length - Effective character performance may also include the use of documents as evidence, costumes, language usage, etc.