II. A. WHAT IS A DISASTER? A disaster is an unexpected event with seriously destructive consequences. The cause of a disaster may be natural (such as earthquakes, floods, or hurricanes) or human (such as mechanical failure, vandalism, or carelessness resulting in fire, hazardous waste spills, or bursting pipes).
II. B. WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF HAVING AN EMERGENCY AND DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND RECOVERY PLAN? 1. Planning can save lives and property.
2. It's your job. Organizations like yours receive their non‑profit tax exempt status in exchange for serving as a "public trust"that is, for acquiring collections and assuming the responsibility for their preservation, documentation, and interpretation. A good emergency preparedness and recovery plan assists you in fulfilling this public trust.
3. Having a good plan in place helps you manage a disaster to minimize damage and understand recovery techniques that will mitigate future losses.
4. A good plan may help your cultural institution to obtain funds from various agencies, foundations, corporations, and individuals.
5. A good plan may aid you in getting coverage from insurers. Some agencies require such a plan as part of your loss control procedures.
6. Prevention is always cheaper and easier than recovery from a disaster.