Maritime Museum Emergency and Disaster Preparedness and Recovery Manual



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Maritime Museum Emergency

and Disaster Preparedness and Recovery Manual

Prepared by

The Council of American Maritime Museums

with matching support from

The Institute of Museum Services

May 1, 1995



In museum loss control, an emergency doesn't have to become a disaster, but without a disaster plan in place it's likely that it will.
Evelyn Gilbert, National Underwriter, 1992


Deadliest United States Natural Disasters



1900

Galveston, Texas

Hurricane and flood

Over 6,000 dead; 3,600 homes destroyed


1889

Johnstown, Pennsylvania

Dam collapse and flood


Over 2,200 dead



1871

Peshtigo, Wisconsin

Fire

Over 1,200 dead; 2 billion trees burned


1906

San Francisco, California

Earthquake and fire

Over 700 dead or missing; more than 10 square kilometers of city razed


1925

Missouri‑Illinois‑Indiana

Tornado

695 dead




Insured Losses in Recent Major Disasters



1992

Hurricane Andrew

$16.5 billion


1989

Hurricane Hugo

$4.2 billion


1993

East Coast winter storm

$1.5 billion


1991

Oakland fires

$1.2 billion


1989

San Francisco earthquake

$960 million


1992

Southern California wildfires

$950 million


1992

Los Angeles riots

$775 million



Recent Maritime Museum Disasters

George M. Verity, a 1927 sternwheel towboat owned by the Keokuk River Museum, suffered flooding in her bow compartments during the 1993 Mississippi River flooding.
USS Inaugural, a WWII minesweeper, was swept away from her berth and sank during the 1993 Mississippi River flooding.
USS Pampanito, a WWII submarine in San Francisco, suffered $180,000 in damage plus another $250,000 in damage to its pier when it was hit by a hundred year event in 1988. The Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989 damaged the museum's gift shop, library, and artifact storage facility, which was declared unsafe and had to be moved.
William Mitchell, a 1934 sidewheel steam dredge, broke free of her mooring, hit three bridges, sheared off a smokestack, and suffered extensive damage to her second deck during the 1992 flooding of the Mississippi River.






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