Marcus Wildhaber Final Portfolio Creative Writing December 18, 2012


Part V The Industrial Revolution and the Twentieth Century



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Part V

The Industrial Revolution and the Twentieth Century
Finally we come to a man who is often hated in the western world Karl Marx a 19th Century German philosopher and author of The Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848) and Capital: Critique of Political Economy (1867) and Friedrich August Hayek a 20th Century economist author of The Road to Serfdom (1944).
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels


From the growing exportation of the working class in Europe Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote The Manifesto of the Communist Party or known as The Communist Manifesto (1848). Marx and Engels saw the Capitalist system exploitative, unfair and an ill supporter of democracy, thus creating their solution Communism: a stateless, classless, egalitarian society in which the proletariat18 would collectively holds the means of production and promote equality and democracy. The Manifesto called for a violent overthrow of the bourgeoisie19 society and the overall capitalistic system.20

A violent revolution was relevant and necessary in order to overthrow the bourgeois society, destroy the notion of private property, the overall system of Capitalism thus abolishing the inequality of the masses. Marx and Engels theorized the workings of the Communists and working class would form a coalition and execute a revolution.21 Being that private property (bourgeois private property) is a tool used by the bourgeoisie to exploit the proletariat Marx and Engels insisted the abolition of all bourgeois private property. Not the property of the proletarian such as a car or a house or even personal items but the bourgeois property specifically their overall wealth which would be redistributed among the proletariat along with the property of the means of production (i.e. instruments of labor, factories, tools, ect.).22.Thus as Marx wrote the Communist society would take…

…Place of the old bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonisms; we shall have an association in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all.23



Marx and Engels were strongly opposed to the idea of liberal democracy stating that Capitalism by its nature (the allowance of class oppression by a small group of people holding power over their government, the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie) was paradoxical when it came to democracy. Marx’s solution still being a form of democracy is a direct democracy under Socialism or Communism rather than Capitalism.



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