Alexander Hamilton In complete opposition with Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton favored positive liberty, the government using its power to improve the lives of the governed along with protecting their freedoms. As a member and father of the Federalist Party Hamilton supported a strong central government opposed to one of Jefferson’s preference. Hamilton among other Federalists, John Jay and James Madison, favored the new government proposed in the newly written Constitution and wrote a serious of essays, the Federalist Papers, supporting the idea of a larger government and the ratification of the Constitution. But the Democratic- Republican Party refused to ratify the Constitution due to the lack of a bill of rights. Hamilton strongly opposed the addition of a bill of rights stating the list of rights would be redundant and dangerous to the American people:
I go further, and affirm that bills of rights, in the sense and in the extent in which they are contended for, are not only unnecessary in the proposed constitution, but would even be dangerous. They would contain various exceptions to powers which are not granted; and on this very account, would afford a colorable pretext to claim more than were granted. For why declare that things shall not be done which there is no power to do?16
Thus imposing a bill of rights into the Constitution would, according to Hamilton, limit the rights of the people rather than ensure them. Of course the Bill of Rights would be added to the Constitution including the 10thAmendment, “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” Ensuring the rights listed are not limited too.
After the ratification of the Constitution Hamilton was appointed Secretary of Treasury to establish the county’s financial footing. An economic system was not chosen for the United States but rather continued from the previous free trade of the colonies. Hamilton among other framers strongly believed in the new economic freedom presented rather than the past feudalistic or mercantilistic systems of the past, as history has shown. But differing from the Democratic- Republicans, Hamilton believed in a national debt (as previously mentioned in vice versa) a national debt would allow for a strong national government to impose high taxes and tariff. Another idea of Hamilton’s opposed to Jefferson, the establishment of a national bank consisting of private ownership and slight government ownership, which would be used to manage the national debt.
In his efforts to propel the United States into economic prosperity Hamilton may have supported and established some policies and systems promoting individual freedom and restricting democracy. “Support the few in order to help the many.”17