MAP SKILLS For questions 1-6, use the map on P. 547 to answer the Map Skills questions.
Based on the information given on the map, what were all the assets Madrid and London had in common during the Enlightenment?
What assets did Rome have?
Did England or Spain have more assets during the Enlightenment?
Based on your answer from #3, was England or Spain a more powerful country during the Enlightenment?
Why was the country from #4 a more powerful country?
According to the map, was St. Petersburg or Paris a more enlightened European city? MEL-Con Skills For questions 7-10, identify if each sentence is a Main Idea, Evidence, or Link sentence in the blank.
French society had changed little since medieval times.
The common man was nearly 98% of the population, but held only 65% of the land and paid all the taxes.
In the 1700s, the price of consumer goods increased much faster than wages of workers.
When wealthier French citizens did not have to pay their share of taxes, this likely led to resentment from French commoners, making revolution more likely.
For questions 11 & 12, turn the question into a Main Idea sentence.
Was the Catholic Church correct in arresting Galileo?
What obstacles did women face in being accepted as scientists in the 17th and 18th centuries? Content Questions: Answer questions 13-23.
What is absolutism?
Who was the best example of an enlightened absolutist ruler in Europe?
Catherine the Greatof Russia c.Frederick the Great of Prussia
Josef II of Austria d.Louis XIV of France
Why was Galileo put on trial by the Catholic Church?
Claimed Solar System was heliocentric c. Claimed Solar System was earth-centered
Galileo was a member of the Communist Party d. Claimed Solar System was geocentric
*E.C.-Name a country that has experienced revolution in the past year in the Middle East.
Reading: The English Civil War
Read the following passage, then answer the accompanying questions.
1) The English Civil War started in 1642 when Charles I raised his royal standard in Nottingham. The split between Charles and Parliament was such that neither side was willing to back down over the principles that they held and war was inevitable as a way in which all problems could be solved. The country split into those who supported the king and those who supported Parliament -classic ingredients for civil war.
2) As with most wars during the 17th century, the English Civil War was not a long continuous war. There were only three major battles in the English Civil War – Edge Hill (1642) Marston Moor (1644) and Naseby (1645). Armies lacked mobility and the time taken to collect the most basic of equipment meant that there were long periods of time when no fighting was taking place despite England being at war at the time. The weather was also a major determining factor in whether armies could fight or not. Roads were no more than tracks and the winter could cut them up to make them beyond use. Therefore moving any armies around would be very difficult.
3) While it is difficult to give an exact breakdown of who supported who as there were regional variations, at a general level the nobility, landowners and Anglicans supported Charles I while those in the towns and cities supported Parliament. However, this is a generalization and there were noblemen who supported Parliament and there were towns such as Newark that supported Charles.
4) In 1644, Charles lost control of the north of England as a result of a major defeat at the Battle of Marston Moor. The combined armies of Parliament and the Scots heavily defeated the Royalists. In 1646, Charles surrendered to the Scots rather than to Parliament. He hoped to take advantage of the fact that the Scottish and Parliamentary alliance was fragile and could collapse at any time. In fact, the Scots took advantage of Charles and sold him to Parliament for £400,000 in January 1647. The problem Parliament now had was what to do with Charles. The king actually helped in his own downfall.
5) Charles was tried at Westminster Hall in January 1649, and found guilty that he had “traitorously and maliciously levied war against the present Parliament and the people therein represented.” Charles was executed on January 30th, 1649.
The main idea of the 1st paragraph is:
The English Civil War began in 1642 when Charles I raised his royal standard
War was a way in which all problems could be solved